Indigo Snake

Indigo snakes use brute force to overpower their prey.
Indigo Snake Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Drymarchon couperi
Indigo Snake Physical Characteristics
Indigo Snake Distribition

Indigo Snake Recap

This famous snake is often called a symbol of the southerly longleaf want woodland.

The indigo snake, likewise called the eastern indigo snake, is a long, black, non- poisonous snake that is belonging to the southerly and main USA. This beautiful snake goes over with its rainbowlike blue black ranges, substantial dimension, and brave searching capabilities.

4 Fantastic Truths Concerning the Indigo Snake

  • It is the lengthiest snake belonging to the united state
  • An indigo snake will certainly strike and eat poisonous snakes.
  • It utilizes a nasty smell to safeguard itself.
  • It rattles its tail when collared or scared.

Where To Locate Indigo Snakes

Although it as soon as had a large range via Alabama, Florida, Georgia, and Mississippi, the indigo snake primarily resides in Florida and southeast Georgia. This snake favors largely forested, cozy, moist atmospheres. Its chosen environments are longleaf want woodlands, completely dry savannas, exotic wood woodlands, seaside dunes, and freshwater marshes. The very best areas to see indigo snakes are protects like Everglades National forest in Florida.

Indigo Snake Scientific Name

The eastern indigo’s scientific name is Drymarchon corais couperi. Words indigo originates from the Greek word indikon, implying “from India.” It is an abundant blue shade made from a plant that expands in cozy, moist environments. Indigo has actually been made use of as a blue color for centuries.

Various other names for this snake are heaven indigo snake, gopher snake, and blue bull snake.

Indigo Snake Population & Conservation Status

Although they are detailed as “least concern” by the International Union for the Preservation of Nature (IUCN), eastern indigo snakes are taken into consideration intimidated under united state legislation. In 1978, they were detailed as a secured species under the Endangered Species Act.

The dimension of the snake’s population is unidentified. The species endured remarkable population decreases created mainly by enthusiasts for the unlawful pet profession. An additional significant risk has actually been rattlesnake seekers that damaged gopher tortoise burrows to discover the rattlesnakes. Indigo snakes frequently share the burrows of gopher tortoises. Damaging these burrows left the snakes without sanctuary.

Given that the devastation of these burrows in North Florida, less indigo snakes currently reside in the north component of the state. They primarily reside in southerly Florida.

Initiatives to maintain this species have actually concentrated on reproducing them in bondage. It has actually been challenging since bondage is extremely difficult for indigo snakes, yet some programs have actually had appealing outcomes.

In 2017, Auburn College and the Nature Conservancy started a 10- year program of reestablishing indigo snakes to their previous variety. The initial snakes were launched in the Apalachicola Bluffs and Ravines Preserve in Florida. This maintain has the longleaf want environment the snake embellishments in, and the launch program is taken into consideration a preservation success tale.

Zoo Atlanta has actually established an indigo snake hatching out program to reestablish the snake to its previous regions in Alabama and Georgia. Given that 2010, the zoo has actually been increasing child indigos for launch right into the wild. Greater than 150 have actually been launched in the Conecuh National park in southerly Alabama. In 2020, the initial child indigo snake was found in the Conecuh, which suggests the snakes have actually developed nesting and reproducing websites there.

Just How To Determine an Eastern Indigo Snake: Appearance and Summary

The major method to determine it is by its dimension. With the capability to mature to 7 feet long, it is the lengthiest snake belonging to the united state. It has smooth ranges and is a dark blue black that can show up purple in some light. There are various other black snake species, consisting of the black pine snake, kingsnake, and black racer. If you wish to make sure you’re taking a look at an indigo snake and not an additional species, try to find the complying with indicators:

  • Lotion- tinted or red areas on the chin, head, and throat
  • Size of 5 to 7 feet
  • Smooth ranges
  • No patterns or banding

Right Here are a few other distinctions in between the indigo and these various other snakes:

  • The black pine snake ( Pituophis melanoleucus lodingi) just resides in southwest Alabama and is even more of a boring black with rougher ranges.
  • The kingsnake ( Lampropeltis getula getula) has lotion or yellow bands along its body.
  • The black racer ( Coluber constrictor) has a black body with a white chin.

Indigo Snake Poison: Just How Harmful Are They?

These snakes are not poisonous, so their bite lugs no opportunity of poisoning.

Habits and Humans

An indigo snake normally establishes a searching series of concerning 3 miles. This area consists of the snake’s recommended burrows and water resources.

Indigo snakes hibernate throughout the chilliest component of the winter season. When temperature levels go down to the 20s, they choose the burrows of various other animals, specifically gopher tortoises, as their hiding areas throughout this time around. Commonly, they utilize the exact same burrow every winter season, which is why the loss of gopher burrows had an effective effect on their survival. Indigo snakes in locations without gopher tortoises utilize the burrows of rodents, armadillos, or land crabs as their winter season sanctuaries.

The indigo friends from October to February, and the female creates an annual clutch of 6 to 12 eggs. Child indigo snakes are 16 to 24 inches long at birth.

Safe To Humans

Eastern indigo snakes are safe to humans, yet the opposite can not be claimed. Humans are the main root cause of the snake’s decrease in population. Humans have actually unlawfully taken indigo snakes for the pet profession, and enhanced growth in the snake’s area has actually created fatality from residential pets, automobile mishaps, and chemicals.

Due to the fact that the snake is shielded by united state legislation, it is unlawful to deal with one without an unique authorization and unique training.

Uncommon and Lovely Snake

The indigo snake is a symbol of the southerly united state With proceeded preservation initiatives, this, unusual, gorgeous snake will certainly once more flourish throughout its previous variety.


Are indigo snakes poisonous?

No, indigo snakes are not poisonous.

Just how do they quest?

These snakes await victim to cross their area, and afterwards they strike with their teeth. They normally eat the heads initially.

Are indigo snakes hostile?

Like numerous snakes, they can be hostile when assaulted. Indigo snakes hardly ever attack humans. If it occurs, their bite might hurt, yet it’s not toxic. They will, nonetheless, strike their victim or adversaries extremely strongly. Male indigo snakes strike each various other when contending for friends.

If scared or assaulted, these snakes make a distinct protective feedback. They squash their necks, hiss noisally, and make the ideas of their tails shake. This develops a humming or rattling audio. They might likewise react by launching a nasty scent from their rectal glands.

Where do indigo snakes live?

The indigo snake favors cozy, moist environments and longleaf want woodlands. Snakes in north Florida hibernate in the winter season, yet those in the southerly component of the state hardly ever require to since it does not obtain that cold.

What do indigo snakes eat?

They are predators, and they are normally the peak killer in their environment. These big snakes frequently eat various other, smaller sized snakes as their normal victim.

They likewise eliminate and eat poisonous snakes, consisting of diamondback rattlesnakes, cottonmouths, and copperheads. They can obtain attacked throughout these assaults, yet they are unsusceptible to the snake poison. Their diet includes:

Exist any kind of indigo snakes in Texas?

No, there are no indigo snakes in Texas. A lot of Texas is warm and completely dry, and indigo snakes favor cozy, moist marshes.

  • Size 7 to 9 feet
  • Pattern None
  • Poisonous No
  • Diet Snakes, animals, reptiles
  • Typical Name Indigo snake
  • Life Expectancy Unidentified
  • Variety Of Youthful 4 to 12
  • Aggressiveness Tool


  1. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Eastern Indigo Snake. (1970)
  2. Nature Conservancy: Eastern Indigo Snake. (1970)
  3. National Park Service: Everglades National Park Species Spotlight. (1970)

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