Indian Rhinoceros

Indian Rhinoceros Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Rhinoceros Unicornis
Indian Rhinoceros Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Black
45-50 years
Top speed
30 mph
2,200kg – 3,000kg (4,900lbs – 6,600lbs)
Indian Rhinoceros Distribition

This- horned ‘armored unicorn’ as quickly as walked throughout India and additionally Nepal, yet today is detesting near discontinuation.

The Indian rhinoceros (similarly called the much better one- horned rhinoceros and additionally the Eastern one- horned rhinoceros) is a species of rhinoceros coming from parts of India and additionally Nepal. Although the Indian rhinoceros is still under threat today, its numbers have in fact recoiled to the variable it disappears threatened.

Remarkable Indian Rhinocerous Realities!

  • When numbering much less than 100 individuals, today the outstanding one- horned rhinoceros has in fact seen its populace rebound to the variable it disappears threatened yet kept in mind as ‘Susceptible.’
  • Also called the much better one- horned rhinoceros, the Indian rhinocerous is the greatest rhinoceros species in Asia and additionally can review as long as 3,000 kg (6,600 extra pounds)!
  • The Indian rhinocerous was offered Europe throughout the Renaissance in 1515! Artwork of the animal was standard throughout Europe and additionally has in fact been hailed as “ among one of the most considerable animal photo in the past.

Indian Rhinoceros Scientific Name

The scientific name for the Indian rhinoceros is Rhinoceros unicornis. The genus Rhinoceros is Greek for ‘nose’ and additionally ‘horn’ and additionally contains both species of one- horned rhinocerouses, the Indian and additionally Javan rhinoceros.Unicornis is latin and additionally indicates one- horned.

Indian Rhinocerous Appearance

The Indian rhinocerous is the second greatest rhinoceros species after the white rhinocerous, assessing 2,200 to 3,000 kg (4,900 to 6,600 extra pounds). At its shoulders, it stands 1.7 to 2 meters (5.6 to 6.6 feet).

All rhinocerous species have thick skin that establishes an all- all-natural “guard” throughout their bodies, yet the skin of the Indian rhinoceros has a distinctive appearance where functional skin folds give the appearance of guard layers throughout its body.

In addition, the Indian rhinocerous has unique bumps that can cover its legs, shoulders, and additionally hindquarters.

Greater one- horned rhinoceros

A regular name for the Indian rhinocerous is the ‘much better one- horned rhinoceros.’ In historic times, the selection of the Indian rhinoceros overlapped with a subspecies of the Javan rhinoceros, a species of rhinocerous that similarly has one horn yet is smaller sized than the Indian rhinoceros. Thus, the Javan rhinocerous was usually determined as the ‘reduced one- horned rhinoceros.’.

Today, the Javan rhinocerous subspecies that utilized to live throughout parts of India and additionally Southeast Asia is disappeared (although Javan rhinocerouses still sustain in Indonesia), yet the name ‘much better one- horned rhinoceros’ is still regularly taken advantage of for Indian rhinocerouses.

The Indian rhinocerous’s horn is usually a lot less than a foot (30 centimeters) in dimension, although it has in fact reached record measurements of as long as 23 inches (57 centimeters).

Indian Rhinocerous Setting

Historically, the Indian rhinoceros had a big selection throughout north India yet today that differ has in fact been significantly decreased as an outcome of severe browsing. The Indian rhinoceros is presently limited to the high fields and additionally forests that surround the Chain of mountains Variety of hills.

Grasslands the Indian rhinocerous remain in contains the Terai- Duar fields, which are among the greatest on earth. The location’s ‘elephant yard’ can increase to 22 feet (7 m), high enough to provide cover additionally for a species the Indian rhinocerous’s measurement.

Indian Rhinocerous Populace – The Variety Of Indian Rhinos Are Left?

Its estimated that much less than 100 Indian rhinocerouses were left at the beginning of the 20 th century. Throughout the 20 th century populations recoiled, and additionally because 2019, an estimated 3,600 individuals remain in the wild.

The rebound in Indian rhinocerous populations has in fact been strong enough that because 2008, the species disappears kept in mind as Endangered. Instead, Indian rhinocerouses are kept in mind as Susceptible even with having actually a decreased populace than the Seriously Endangered black rhinoceros.

Despite its increasing populations, Indian rhinocerouses stay to manage countless threats. As an example, the majority of Indian rhinocerouses– 2,413 individuals because 2018– remain in India’s Kaziranga National park. This emphasis indicates an ailment could take a considerable toll on this concentrated populace.

Indian RhinocerousDiet

The Indian rhinocerous lives throughout a plentiful degree that has abundant high- lawn it absorbs for the majority of its diet. Indian rhinocerouses are vegan animals, and additionally in addition to yard will definitely similarly browse the mainly corroded below- exotic timberland for dropped leaves, blooms, buds, fruits, berries and additionally beginnings which they accumulate from the ground using their horns.

Indian Rhinocerous Predators

As a result of its large size, the Indian rhinocerous’s simply real awesome in the wild allow wild cats such as tigers that will definitely take advantage of the Indian rhinocerous calf bone bones and additionally weak individuals. Individuals are the best threat to the Indian rhinoceros as they have in fact been gone after to the side of discontinuation for their horns.

Indian Rhinocerous Leisure and additionally Life cycle

The Indian rhinoceros is a single animal and additionally simply incorporates with different other Indian rhinocerouses to mate. The woman Indian rhinoceros gives birth to a singular calf bone after a pregnancy period that mores than a year long (relating to 15- 16 months). The Indian rhinoceros calf bone remains to be with its mother up till it mosts likely to the extremely the very least 2 years old and additionally big enough to wind up being independent.

Indian Rhinos in Zoos

Given that 2018, 67 zoos were residence to 182 Indian rhinocerouses. In overall quantity, there are 1,037 different rhinocerouses of differing species throughout the worlds zoos.

Select zoos where you can see an Indian rhinocerous directly!

  • Zoo Miami: Welcomed a brand name- brand-new Indian rhinocerous calf bone on May 1, 2019.
  • Cincinnati: When residence to the Sumatran rhinocerous, today the Cincinnati Zoo houses an Indian rhinocerous called ‘Manjula.’
  • San Diego Safari Park: Welcomed a calf bone Indian rhinocerous to its Savanna location display screen in August, 2019.

Indian Rhinocerous Facts

  • Durer’ sRhinoceros
    • In 1515 an Indian rhinoceros was sent to the King of Portugal in Lisbon. The distinct animal was spectacular at the time, and additionally a woodcut established by a German painter happened to be standard throughout Europe. Regretfully, the Indian rhinocerous swiftly later on sank, when a boat bringing it to the Pope was lost combined- up.
  • Simply just how do you count Indian rhinocerouses? On the backs of elephants!
    • 2- thirds of Indian rhinocerouses remain in Kaziranga National park. Every 3 years a demographics is carried out to see if the populace of Indian rhinocerouses in this important park continues to be to increase. To count the rhinocerouses, authorities rode 40 elephants in addition to showing off tasks autos.
  • Poaching remains to be a risk, yet …
    • While poaching remains to be a risk, in 2015 Kaziranga National park guards discharged dead a whole lot much more prospective poachers than rhinocerouses were discharged. The member of the family safety from poaching is simply among the variables Indian rhinocerouses disappear kept in mind as Endangered.


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals

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