Indian Giant Squirrel

Indian giant squirrels use their large tail to help them balance.
Indian Giant Squirrel Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Ratufa indica
Indian Giant Squirrel Physical Characteristics
Brown, Red, Black, White, Purple
20 years
Top speed
32 mph
1.5kg-2 kg (3.3lbs-4.4 lbs)
Indian Giant Squirrel Distribition

“Indian Giant Squirrel is the biggest squirrel in India!”

The Indian giant squirrel is a huge rodent species belonging to India. Extra especially, it is a kind of tree squirrel. This animal’s appearance differs many various other squirrel species as a result of its vibrant shades and noteworthy dimension. The Indian giant squirrel is likewise commonly called the Malabar giant squirrel. This amazing creature is just one of the biggest squirrels on the planet.

5 Unbelievable Indian Giant Squirrel Realities!

  • The tail of an Indian giant squirrel is normally longer than the size of its body.
  • The Indian giant squirrel can drive excellent ranges of 20 feet.
  • Malabar giant squirrels are nicknamed “rainbow squirrels” as a result of their distinct coloring.
  • The Indian giant squirrel is the state animal of Maharashtra, in India.
  • Malabar giant squirrels are arboreal, investing a lot of their time in trees.

Indian Giant Squirrel Scientific Name

The scientific name for the Indian giant squirrel is Ratufa indica It is conversely called the Malabar giant squirrel and is likewise called “shekru” by residents in Maharashtra. They come from the Sciuridae family and the Mammalia class.

The 4 subspecies of Indian giant squirrel are Ratufa indica indica, Ratufa indica centralis, Ratufa indica optimums, and Ratufa indica dealbata

The definition of words “Ratufa” is “a genus of rodent” and refers specifically to Oriental giant squirrels. The Latin word “indica” implies “of India” and words “squirrel” originates from the Greek “skiouros” which is specified as “color tail.”

Indian Giant Squirrel Appearance & Actions

These giant squirrels are distinct by their striking, multi- tinted colors. The shades range private squirrels. There is an usual pattern of a couple of tones, consisting of white or lotion, brownish, black, red, maroon, and occasionally dark Fuschia. The deep tones are mostly seen along the body, while the lighter shades happen on the bottom and the lengthy, bushy tail.

They have solid claws to safely comprehend branches. Males and females of this species have really similar looks. There are a number of contrasting features to identify them from each other. Females are normally bigger in dimension than their male equivalents by regarding 3 centimeters and have mammae for nursing their young. Indian giant squirrels utilize their tail as a weight to assist them stabilize on tree branches and their shades function as camouflage in their all-natural environment. When endangered, they will certainly likewise make themselves show up level, assimilating with tree bark and remaining really still to escape predators.

These squirrels are hailed as titans due to their excellent dimension. They generally evaluate one- and- a- fifty percent to 2 kilos or 3.3 to 4.4 extra pounds. 2 kilos has to do with 5 and a half times as hefty as a container of soup. The size of their head and body arrays from 10 to 18 inches, while their tail procedures 16- 24 inches. From head to tail, they are 29.5- 30.7 inches or regarding 2- and- a- half feet long, which is 2 times the elevation of a bowling pin.

The Indian giant squirrel and relevant species coming from the Ratufa genus are classified as AsianGiant Squirrels These big squirrels are all belonging to Asia. The genus- particular relevant species consist of the Black giant squirrel ( Ratufa bicolor), Lotion- coloured giant squirrel ( Ratufa affinis), and Grizzled giant squirrel ( Ratufa macroura)

These giant squirrels are substantially bigger than various other tree squirrel species, such as the Eastern Gray squirrel and Red squirrel. Both of these squirrels determine much less than 12 inches long and are under 2 extra pounds. Red squirrels evaluate regarding the like a hamster, while Eastern Gray Squirrels are 3 times that weight.

These giant squirrels are primarily singular, however they occasionally remain with their friends for extensive durations. A team of Indian giant squirrels is called a dray, hurry, or nest. They are typically timid and mindful ofpredators Indian giant squirrels are diurnal, as a result they are most energetic in the daytime. They oversleep among the several round nests they create around their area. Indian giant squirrels likewise add to their ecological community by dispersing seeds throughout their environment after they have actually consumed and passed them. Squirrels can connect with each various other vocally with various telephone calls and by jerking their tail.

The Indian giant squirrel, or Malabar giant squirrel, (Ratufa indica) is a large tree squirrel species in the genus Ratufa native to forests and woodlands in India.
The Indian giant squirrel, or Malabar giant squirrel, (Ratufa indica) is a huge tree squirrel species in the genus Ratufa belonging to woodlands and timberlands in trademark clicks/

Indian Giant Squirrel Environment

Malabar giant squirrels are native to South Asia. In the wild, they can be discovered especially in India. Their environment varies with several states, consisting of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. They like to stay in exotic rain forest atmospheres and prevail within the Malabar rain forests. These squirrels invest a lot of their lives in trees. They are occasionally able to conceal from predators over arm or legs and in hollows of trees.

The 4 subspecies are likewise discovered in areas of India in woodland environments. Ratufa indica indica can be discovered in North Ghats and Central Western Ghats. Ratufa indica centralis lies throughout main India and Eastern India. Ratufa indica optimums lives mostly in Southwestern Ghats. Ratufa indica dealbata was regional to Southern Gujarat although unfortunately, this subspecies is believed to currently be extinct.

Indian Giant Squirrel Predators & Threats

Humans are just one of the largest dangers to these remarkable animals. Logging, logging, growth, and the structure of dams all result in environment loss and more fragmentation of populaces. Some humans likewise search giant squirrels for their meat, which significantly adds to a decrease in the population.

The IUCN (International Union for Preservation of Nature) categorizes this species as Least concern. This implies the species, although decreasing, is not rapid coming close to endangered standing. There are presently no preservation initiatives to shield the Indian giant squirrel. Nevertheless, there are a number of wild animals shelters in India.

What consumes Indian Giant Squirrels?

These squirrels have a selection of all-naturalpredators Wild cats such as leopards search them commonly. Birds of victim, consisting of brownish fish owls and eagles, are regular predators of the Indian giant squirrel. Some species of eagles recognized to search Indian giant squirrels are the crested hawk eagle, crested snake eagle, and black eagle. Civets and snakes likewise victimize these squirrels.

What does an Indian Giant Squirrel eat?

Indian giant squirrels are omnivores and eat a selection of various foods. They are recognized to eat fruit, blossoms, nuts, bark, seeds, insects, and bird eggs. They keep their food in the treetops so they can conveniently access it. They depend on a branch and utilize their hands to eat while utilizing their amazing tail for security.

Indian Giant Squirrel Reproduction, Children, and Life Expectancy

The precise duration of breeding period for these squirrels is not totally clear. Some research study recommends it just occurs in between the months of October and January, while various other resources specify it might happen year- round. The male Indian giant squirrels, likewise called dollars, take on various other males to mate with a female. This is a common breeding routine amongst several animal species. Scientists do not think these squirrels mate permanently, although they have actually been recognized to stick for some time. When a set friends, pregnancy lasts in between 28 and 35 days.

The female squirrel, likewise referred to as a doe, provides real-time birth to one to 3 young usually. The children of this species are described as dogs, sets, or kitties. When they are birthed, the dogs do not have hair and are not yet able to see. They are taken care of in nests constructed from fallen leaves and branches by the mom squirrel. The nests hinge on branches in the treetops. The young are discouraged at regarding 6 months old.

These squirrels have a life-span of approximately two decades in bondage. In the wild, it is thought to be dramatically much shorter as a result of all-natural predators in their atmosphere and dangers from humans.

Indian Giant Squirrel Population

The population dimension of these squirrels is presently unidentified. The International Union for Preservation of Nature shows the population pattern is reducing. The conservation status of this species is identified as “least concern” on the IUCN Red Checklist currently.


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