Indian Elephant

Indian Elephant Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Elephas maximus indicus
Indian Elephant Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Black
55 – 70 years
Top speed
27 mph
3,000kg – 5,000kg (6,500lbs – 11,000lbs)
Indian Elephant Distribition

Indian elephants are exceptionally smart and meaningful.

Indian elephants are greyish- black animals that are a subspecies of the Asian elephant. They have to do with 6.6 to 11.5 feet in elevation and consider regarding 4000 to 1000 extra pounds.

These elephants pass the scientific name Elephas maximus indicus and have lengthy trunks that are totally boneless. The trunks are understood to be composed of regarding 40,000 muscular tissues.

Indian elephants are understood to be extremely friendly animals and show a wide range of feelings. They are exceptionally smart and meaningful.

Unbelievable Indian Elephant Truths!

  • The trunk of this elephant includes no bones. Though it consists of both the top lip and the nose, the whole trunk is composed of 40,000 muscular tissues, which has to do with 62 times the variety of muscular tissues in the whole body.
  • Mommies have the aid of various other females in their herd to increase their calf bones. These handy females are described as aunties, and the dads play a much less substantial duty.
  • Throughout the warm months, an they can drain to 200 litres of water daily. This hefty alcohol consumption recommends that the creature can consume their weight in water virtually 3 times a month
  • Indian elephants consider in between 6,000 and 8,000 extra pounds as a grown-up, determining in between 18 and 21 feet in size. This size includes their body, head, and trunk. Also a child is rather big, determining considering approximately numerous hundred extra pounds also.
  • An Indian elephant invests 19 hrs a day simply consuming.

Indian Elephant Scientific Names

The Indian elephant passes the scientific name Elephas maximus indicus. They come from the kingdom Animalia and class Mammalia. These elephants originate from a family called Elephantidae and have actually a subspecies called E. m. indicus. They come from the order called Proboscideans.

Words elephas is the Latin impact for elephant, yet it originates from the Greek word ἐλέφαντος, which can’ve been affected by the Egyptian word for cream color or elephant. Remarkably, cream color’s etymology comes straight from Latin and Greek analyses of words elephant, making them interconnected for life.

Indicus is rooted in the Old Greek from Ἰνδία, which indicates India. Basically, the analysis of this name just indicates that the animal is a huge elephant from India.

Indian Elephant Appearance

These elephants are significant animals with a dimension of regarding 18 to 21 feet, considering in at approximately 8,000 extra pounds as a male. Though their head is big heads, their necks are tiny. With such a high weight, the legs handle much job to bring them.

While various other elephant types have a much shorter tail, the tail of this elephant is exceptionally long. Matching their grayish shade, the tail often goes longer than their knees, possibly cleaning the ground with the crude hair that hangs from all-time low of the tail.

The trunks are probably one of the most remarkable attribute of the Indian elephant. While the trunk composes rather a huge section of the body, it does not consist of any type of bones in all. Rather, as explained in the above truths, this effective extremity includes an overall of 40,000 muscular tissues, which are damaged down right into 150,000 different areas.

This muscled trunk is required for the elephant’s survival, enabling them to cool down with spilling, moisturize by bringing water to their mouth, take down food to eat, and reveal themselves.

Indian Elephant, Nagarhole National Park, Karnataka, India
Jayanand Govindaraj/ Creative Commons

Indian Elephant Habits

These elephants are diurnal which indicates that they are one of the most energetic throughout the day and rest in the evening. Nevertheless, in contrast to that, these animals are likewise nighttime in nature which indicates that several of them can likewise be very energetic throughout the evening.

These elephants are very social and are understood to exist in secure teams. The teams are generally matriarchal and include 20 female Indian elephants that are extremely carefully relevant. The teams are headed by the earliest female elephant. The leader generally overviews the entire team in the mission for food and water.

These elephants are understood to be smart and show a wide range of feelings like delight and pain. The Indian elephants are understood to make a range of noises– both reduced and high pitched– to connect.

The teams that these elephants exist in are called herds. With their family, the Indian elephant takes 19 hrs a day to eat, which creates a huge quantity of waste– 220 extra pounds of dung daily, to be specific. They will certainly take a trip approximately 125 miles a day to maintain themselves energetic as they choose their following resource of nutrients. Also when they rest, a lot of elephants will certainly stay standing while in the wild.

These elephants are understood to take a trip from one woodland to one more and are likewise understood to frequently remain in various woodlands at various durations. Nevertheless, the male Indian elephants like to stay in seclusion, particularly in their young people years.

Indian Elephant Environment

These elephants exist in a range of environments and favor to stay in woodlands, meadows, and scrublands. Besides that, they can likewise be discovered in grown woodlands. When they rest in the evening in regular scenarios, herds that stay near towns might turn around these behaviors to stay alert versus prospective human risks.

They can be discovered in numerous components of Southeast Asia consisting of Cambodia, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Malaysia, Vietnam, and Thailand. These areas give the Indian elephants with a considerable variety of plants to delight in, yet they are diminishing.

Humans and Indian elephants in the area are beginning to see their environments clash. This mix can trigger a significant dispute, compeling them to surrender their all-natural environment and decrease in numbers. While there are initiatives to remedy this dispute, humans have actually been confronted, harmed, and also eliminated at the same time.

Indian Elephant Diet

These elephants are majorly plant- eaters (i.e., megaherbivores) and are understood to eat regarding 330 extra pounds of food daily. Their diet majorly consists of lawn, leaves, barks, stems, and origins.

Besides that, these significant creatures likewise eat bananas, sugarcane, and rice. They enjoy grazing on high yards and are understood to get rid of the shoots and blades of these yards extremely masterfully.

As abundant as this food might often be, the search can be hazardous for humans and elephants alike.

What Does an Indian Elephant Eat?

These elephants are majorly plant- eaters. They generally eat lawn, leaves, bark, stem, origin, and fires. They likewise eat bananas, sugarcane, and rice. Besides that, they forage on high lawn. Though the blades and shoots can be hazardous to their tummy and mouth, the solid trunk of the Indian elephant enables them to get rid of these components prior to they eat them up.

As the environments of the Indian elephant lessen, several of their trips for nutrients take them rather near to the human populaces.

What Consumes Indian Elephants?

Because of their enormous dimension and weight, these animals have extremely couple ofpredators Bengal tigers are understood to eat them, yet they hound just the child Indian elephants as they are very easy to quest due to their smaller sized dimension as contrasted to the bigger ones.

A number of the records of these tiger assaults remain in the Jim Corbett National Forest in Uttarakhand.

Indian Elephant Predators and Dangers

As mentioned over, there are virtually no predators (in regards to the health food chain) of the Indian elephants. Bengal tigers are among the famous predators of the Indian elephant, yet tigers hound the children of these elephants owing to their dimension. A few of these circumstances have actually also shown up current, mapping back to a zoo in Uttarakhand, India.

The most significant danger to the Indian elephant is humans and their life. Poaching stays a significant danger to these animals as humans utilize their tusks for cream color, yet the danger exceeds that. The minimized environment has actually created hostile conflicts in between the humans close by. As the elephants search for food in farmlands, these humans lose on their revenue. Nevertheless, the terrible feedback from both sides has actually caused the fatality of virtually 500 humans every year.

Indian Elephant Reproduction, Infants, and Life Expectancy

The Indian elephants are understood to mate by scrubing their bodies versus each various other and also covering their vehicles with each other. Male Indian elephants after that install the female from behind. The sex-related act lasts for regarding 2 mins after which, the male Indian elephant hugs the female Indian elephant to fend off various other males from around her.

Males that drop in the age brace of 40 to half a century are probably to mate with the females for children. nevertheless, the courtship in between the male and the Indian elephant female is rather brief- lived. Females have to do with one decade old when they can begin generating children, which are described as calf bones. The gestation duration lasts for around 22 months after which they bring to life the calf bones or child elephants.

A child Indian elephant generally evaluates around 100 Kgs at birth. The mom and various other females ‘aunties’ look after the child. The calf bone lingers with its mom for regarding 5 years after which the male calf bones vacate the herd while the female ones remain behind.

An Indian elephant generally has a life expectancy of regarding 48 years. Nevertheless, preservation initiatives and bondage affect that age.

Indian Elephant Population

Indian elephants can be discovered throughout landmass Asia, with approximately 31,368 elephants in India alone. Over fifty percent of these elephants are discovered in the southerly area. Myanmar has the 2nd- most Indian elephants at regarding 4,000 to 5,000, though the population is substantially separated.

A couple of thousand Indian elephants each are discovered in Malaysia and Thailand, yet the number is just in the hundreds in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Laos, China, and Cambodia. There are a couple of locations in southerly Vietnam with elephants, though their numbers are as reduced as 70 Indian elephants amount to.

The Indian elephant gets on the ICUN Red Checklist as an endangered species. Given that the 1950s, the overall variety of Indian elephants has actually reduced by 50%, which is what landed the species on the checklist in 1986. The IUCN’s last upgrade on the population in 2019 suggested that existing numbers were required to see the amount of are presently left.

Indian Elephant in the Zoo

These elephants are frequently discovered to exist in bondage, especially in India and Thailand. They are frequently made use of as an item of attraction in zoos and have actually frequently been made use of to boost the tourist sector. In the USA, it is tough to locate an Indian elephant, as there are several teams versus holding them in bondage. The only zoos that have elephants frequently resource them from Africa.

Much of the factor that these animals remain in zoos are an initiative to shield them from humans and train them.


  1. WWF, Available here:
  2. Wikipedia, Available here:
  3. Animals Network, Available here:
  4. Kaziranga National Park, Available here:
  5. National Geographic, Available here:
  6. Elephant World, Available here:
  7. Animalia, Available here:

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