Horned Lizard

The horned lizards are able to squirt blood from their eyes.
Horned Lizard Scientific Classification
Horned Lizard Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Yellow, Red
Not known
At least five years
25-90 grams (1.8-2.5 grams as a yearling)
Horned Lizard Distribition

Horned lizards, as the name recommends, have a great deal of horns throughout their bodies. They likewise have numerous horns or spikes that remain on the crown of their heads, which is just one of their lots of adjustments for survival.

There are 14 various species of horned lizards that exist all over the world. Several of them consist of the Texas horned lizards, brief- horned lizards, desert -, coastline -, regal -, and hill horned lizards. The male lizards are recognized to intensely bob their heads at females to call and attract them throughout the breeding period. These lizards are likewise well- recognized for spraying blood from their eyes.

5 Fascinating Horned Lizard Realities!

Below are a couple of intriguing truths concerning these lizards:

  • There are 14 sorts of these lizards worldwide. Several of them consist of the Texas horned lizards, brief- horned lizards, desert -, coastline -, regal -, and hill horned lizards.
  • These lizards have horn- like frameworks throughout their bodies, particularly their head.
  • These lizards can in some cases camouflage with their histories as one of the adjustments to hide them from predators.
  • They are recognized to reside in different locations – from deserts to thick woodlands. They call for a semi- dry setting to prosper.
  • A lot of these lizards live at the very least for 5 years.

Horned Lizard Scientific Name

These lizards pass the scientific name Phrynosoma. Their family is called Phrynosomatidae while their order is called scaled reptiles.

The actual translation of “Phrynosoma” is “toad- bodied,” describing their large stomach.

Horned Lizard Appearance

There are 14 various sorts of these lizards consisting of the Texas horned lizards, brief- horned lizards, desert -, coastline -, regal -, and hill horned lizards – and while each would certainly have its very own details attributes, the one point that continues to be usual in all of them are the horns. These lizards, as the name recommends, are covered in horn- like ranges. The biggest of the horns normally hinge on their heads. While 2 of them get on their eyebrows, lots of protrude from their jawline and rise to the head’s temporal section.

2 rows of the horns or spikes leave the side parts of their upper body and divide the bigger spikes on their dorsal side from their flaky underbelly. The nose- air vent size of the Texas horned lizards, for example, determines concerning 69 mm after they get to sex-related maturation, which is around 13 months old.

Female lizards are bigger than males. They have brief and located bodies. On the other hand, one more kind of these lizards – the brief- horned lizards are tiny and level, and round fit. They have brief horns, as the name recommends, and their stomaches are large like that of the toad.

Giant Hornde Lizard (Phrynosoma asio) warming up on a rock.
Titan Hornde Lizard (Phrynosoma asio) heating up on a rock.Emre Dikici/Shutterstock.com

Horned Lizard Habits

These lizards are singular animals and are usually energetic in between 60 to 80 levels Fahrenheit, which is why they prosper in a lot of settings throughout North American and Central America. Throughout summer times or otherwise warm days, they are primarily energetic throughout the early morning hrs and end up being much less energetic throughout the mid-day. They normally choose soft, sandy dirt near the rocks. This normally enables them to efficiently assimilate with the history.

The Texas horned lizards, for, instance, can be located depending on open premises throughout early mornings and nights. They often tend to indulge in the sunlight while searching for insects. In the warm mid-days, these lizards often tend to glide under rocks for sanctuary. Several of these lizards are likewise recognized to enter into hibernation from October till late March.

Not long after these lizards appear of hibernation, the breeding period occurs. The male lizards call the female lizards by bobbing their heads and signaling for breeding.

Horned Lizard Environment

These lizards are located in the Sonoran Desert area. They are located throughout the location from near water level as much as 11,300 feet or 3340 meters. Several of the species of these lizards like the round- trailed lizard and the Texas horned lizards take place in numerous United States and Mexican states.

On the other hand, the level- trailed horned lizard is limited to Southwestern Arizona, Southeastern The Golden State, and a little component of northeastern Baja The golden state. They are likewise located in the top neck of the northwestern Sonora area in Mexico, though they can live as much southern as Guatemala.

Records recommend that the majority of these lizards reside in semi- dry settings and deserts where they can commonly be seen indulging in the sunlight throughout summer season days. These lizards can be located in varied environments. Several of them are located in locations of great sand while the others are located in thick woodland locations.

Horned Lizard Diet

While what the details sorts of lizards eat can differ, the majority of them normally eat different sorts of ants in addition to insects. The brief- horned lizard, for instance, primarily preys on farmer ants.

Aside From that, they likewise eat beetles and spiders, yet they will certainly eat tiny stones periodically. To catch their innocent target, the Texas Horned lizards exist inactive while ants cross them. They jump in and record them as quickly as they go through them.

The neonates, nevertheless, eat primarily ants. And the yearlings like beetles while the grown-up horned lizards eat both beetles in addition to ants.

Horned Lizard Predators and Hazards

These lizards encounter hazards from a great deal of animals consisting of dogs, wolves, hawks, snakes, and roadrunners. Nonetheless, predators are not the only point that positions a risk to these lizards. They normally eat ants that comprise the majority of their diet. As a result, the chemicals that impact ants likewise wind up influencing these lizards.

Various other hazards to these lizards consist of the intrusive red ants, prohibited pet profession tasks in addition to environment adjustment, and dry spell problems that might affect the way of life and environment series of these lizards.

Horned Lizard Reproduction and Life Process

Various sorts of lizards mate in various means. In the Texas horned lizards, the breeding normally occurs in April and Might, and the eggs are stocked Might or June. In these lizards, the female digs a sideways passage that has to do with 6 inches long. She lays concerning 27 eggs and positions them in 3 straight layers. The layers are divided by company layers of sand. The eggs are lotion in shade. They are likewise extremely difficult and tough. They hatch out in around 40 days.

The round- trailed lizards, nevertheless, continue the procedure in a much various means. While they likewise lay eggs, they are recognized to preserve the eggs inside their bodies up until the child lizards are established. Their eggs are filmy, and the infants appear as quickly as the eggs are transferred.

The brief- horned lizards, nevertheless, are the only kind that brings to life the living child lizards and not lay eggs much like the numerous various sorts of horned lizards. The eggs are kept with the mom up until the child lizards appear, which are eventually birthed from the mom.

While little info is offered concerning the life-span of these lizards, they are recognized to live at the very least 5 years. The males are recognized to call and draw in the female lizards by bobbing their heads and signaling for breeding throughout the breeding period.

Horned Lizard Population

While the specific population of these lizards is not recognized, there are 14 various sorts of these lizards that exist all over the world. Nonetheless, their population is recognized to be decreasing due to the fact that their diet majorly consists of ants, and the chemicals that eliminate the ants likewise often tend to impact them. In addition to that, human tasks like urbanization and pet trading have actually likewise impacted the populaces of these lizards.


  1. Desert Museum, Available here: https://www.desertmuseum.org/books/nhsd_horned_lizard.php
  2. Horned Lizard Conservation Society, Available here: http://www.hornedlizards.org/horned-lizards.html
  3. Washington Nature Mapping Program, Available here: http://naturemappingfoundation.org/natmap/facts/short-horned_lizard_712.html
  4. Wiley Online Library, Available here: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/zoo.1430080205

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