Honey Buzzard

Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.
Honey Buzzard Scientific Classification
Honey Buzzard Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, White
9 years
one to two pounds
Honey Buzzard Distribition

Honey buzzards are tool- sized raptors that gained their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.

Yet their name is in fact a misnomer considering that it’s the insects themselves, not honey, that comprise the mass of their diet. There are 6 species of honey buzzards, which are dispersed around the world. Extremely, 4 of these species aren’t buzzards in all, they’re kites! And also, honey buzzards are sexually dimorphic, which indicates that males and females look various, which is unusual for predators.

Honey Buzzard Environment

These buzzards stay in thick woodlands and forests where they fly stealthily from tree to tree. Some species move in between their reproducing premises and winter months houses. As an example, European honey buzzards nest throughout Europe, consisting of components of England, Wales, Scotland, France, Finland, Germany, and Sweden, along with components of western Asia. Most of the approximated 160,000 sets can be discovered in Russia. They move cross countries, depending on magnetic positioning to browse over slim areas of water, such as the Gibraltar Strait, to exotic Africa, where they invest the winter months.

Various other honey buzzard species can be discovered in:

  • Japan
  • The Philippines
  • New Guinea and the western Papuan islands
  • Various other southeast Oriental nations

Honey Buzzard Scientific Name

These buzzards come from the family of Accipitridae. This family consists of around 250 species of raptors, consisting of buzzards, eagles, hawks, kites, and Vintage vultures. Birds from this family can be discovered on every continent on the planet with the exception of Antarctica. Furthermore, predators have actually adjusted to a variety of environments, consisting of deserts, meadows, woodlands, and marshes.

Birds in the Accipitridae family eat a variety of food, consisting of various other birds, carrion, tiny animals, and also fruit. They squash and penetrate their target with their sharp talons and conveniently tear skin and flesh with their addicted expenses.

There are 6 species of these buzzards, several of which have subspecies also.

Kinds Of Honey Buzzards

  • Black Honey Buzzard (Henicopernis infuscatus)– The black honey buzzard harp on high inclines and in hill woodlands in Papua New Guinea. This raptor is generally singular or combined and is often seen skyrocketing over woodland ridges.
  • Lengthy- Trailed Honey Buzzard ( Henicopernis longicauda)– The lengthy- trailed honey buzzard can be discovered in New Guinea and several of its bordering islands. These big, lengthy- trailed birds of target are usually seen overlooking the cover of bog and hill woodlands and cleanings.
  • European Honey Buzzard ( Pernis apivorus)– Like various other birds in the genus Pernis, the European honey buzzard is in fact a kite, not a buzzard. Its legs and feet are armored with hefty, safety ranges that safeguard the bird from insect stings. The European Honey Buzzard is likewise called the Western honey buzzard or a pern.
  • Prevented Honey Buzzard ( Pernis celebensis)– The disallowed honey buzzard, likewise called the Sulawesi honey buzzard, can be discovered in Indonesia and the Philippines. These predators dwell in exotic or subtropical wet bog or hill woodlands.
  • Philippine Honey Buzzard (Pernis steerei)– Additionally called the Steere’s honey buzzard, the Philippine honey buzzard has short, thick, overlapping plumes on its traditions (the location in between its eyes and the top base of its beak). These particularly adjusted plumes secure the bird from being hurt when it robs bee and wasp nests.
  • Asian Honey Buzzard ( Pernis ptilorhyncus)– The asian honey buzzard is bigger than the European buzzard, and it has longer wings. It moves in big groups numbering in the thousands.

Honey Buzzard Dimension, Appearance and Habits

These buzzards are tool- sized raptors. Their dimension and weight differ from species to species. The European buzzard considers in between one and 2 extra pounds and has a wingspan of 4.2 to 4.9 feet. Females of all 6 species are typically bigger than males. Every one of these birds are sexually dimorphic, which indicates that the males and females can be set apart by their coloring, plume patterns, and various other physical attributes. This attribute is very uncommon amongst predators.

All 6 sorts of these birds have physical adjustments that secure them from being hurt as they catch and eliminate their target. These adjustments consist of hefty, shield- like ranges on their feet and legs and thick, overlapping plumes on their traditions. They have the ability to catch their target effectively many thanks to their lengthy, bent expenses, which have actually extended suggestions made to hold insects safely. And their slim nostrils stop their noses from ending up being obstructed with wax or dirt from their target’s nests.

These buzzards are challenging to determine due to the fact that they carefully appear like the common buzzard. Specialists think that this is a protection versus the Goshawk, which can conveniently beat this bird due to the fact that the latter’s beak is made to eliminate grubs, not bigger, more powerful target. Common buzzards, on the various other hand, have a lot more powerful beaks, which generally deter goshawks from assaulting. Oriental honey buzzard species have quill that looks like neighborhood hawk- eagles for the very same factor.

European Honey Buzzard, Pernis apivorus, in the wild.
European Honey Buzzard, Pernis apivorus, being in a tree in the wild.iStock.com/ MriyaWildlife

Honey Buzzard Diet

The name “honey buzzard” is a misnomer. They unquestionably consume some honey when they plunder a bee’s nest, yet taking in the wonderful compound isn’t their goal. Unlike various other predators, honey buzzards are largely insectivores. Though their standard foods are wasp and bee larvae, they likewise take in young birds and frogs. They also eat fruit once in a while.

Honey Buzzard Predators and Risks

Larger raptors, environment loss, and decreased accessibility of target are the greatest hazards to honey buzzards. European honey buzzards are vulnerable to seekers throughout movement. Additionally, in periods when wasps aren’t generously readily available, European honey buzzards experience greater chick death and are most likely to desert chicks that have not created appropriately.

What Consumes the Honey Buzzard?

Goshawks have actually been recognized to eliminate and eat European honey buzzards. This actions possibly takes place due to the fact that the European honey buzzards appear like the common buzzard, which Goshawks sometimes eat. Details on the predators that take in the various other sorts of honey buzzards isn’t conveniently offered.

Honey Buzzard Reproduction, Children, and Life-span

The reproduction routines and life-span of the 6 sorts of honey buzzards vary. The routines of the European honey buzzard comply with.

European honey buzzards have big areas varying from 6 to 25 miles that usually overlap with bordering sets’ residence varieties. The dimension of the region is established by the accessibility of wasp and bee larvae and various other target. Mated sets safeguard the location bordering their nest versus various other predators.

Honey Buzzard Nests

European honey buzzards typically develop brand-new nests 33– 66 feet in the air, yet often they customize old crow and common buzzard nests. They build their nests from branches and camouflage the top part with eco-friendly fallen leaves. They include fresh fallen leaves throughout the nesting duration to make certain that their nests are well masked. The female performs most of the nest building and construction, which takes 10– 15 days.

Start in May, European honey buzzards lay clutches of 2 white eggs that are practically entirely covered with dark purple smudges over 3 to 5- day periods. Incubation takes 30– 35 days per egg. Both moms and dads remain on the eggs, yet the female does the mass of the incubation, consisting of the graveyard shift. If the female passes away, the male will certainly brood and elevate the chicks on his very own.

Honey Buzzard Life-span

The typical age of honey buzzards in the wild is unidentified. The earliest recognized wild European honey buzzard was practically 12 years of ages.

Honey Buzzard Population

With the exemption of one kind, honey buzzards seem in superb wellness. 5 are thought about to be species of least concern by the IUCN Red Listing.

  • Lengthy- Trailed Honey Buzzard

Red Listing Classification: Least concern

Population dimension: Unidentified
Population fad: Reducing

  • Prevented Honey Buzzard

Red Listing Classification: Least Concern

Population dimension: Unidentified
Population fad: Reducing

  • Philippine Honey Buzzard

Red Listing Classification: Least Concern

Population dimension: Unidentified
Population fad: Reducing

  • European Honey buzzard

Red Listing Classification: Least Concern

Population dimension: 290000– 430000
Population fad: Steady

  • Asian Honey buzzard

Red Listing Classification: Least Concern

Population dimension: Unidentified
Population fad: Reducing

Just the Black Honey Buzzard of Papua New Guinea is provided as vulnerable on the IUCN Red Listing. See a listing of all preservation standings right here.

  • Black Honey Buzzard

Red Listing Classification: Vulnerable

Population dimension: 6000- 15000
Population fad: Reducing

Honey Buzzards in the Zoo

Honey buzzards aren’t maintained in American zoos, yet European and Asian honey buzzards can be discovered in zoos throughout Europe and in Israel, Russia, Singapore, and Turkey.


  1. Bird Guides, Available here: https://www.birdguides.com/articles/identification/common-and-european-honey-buzzards-photo-id-guide/
  2. Wildlife Journal Junior, Available here: https://nhpbs.org/wild/Accipitridae.asp
  3. Data Zone, Available here: http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/22694976
  4. eBird, Available here: https://ebird.org/species/lthbuz1
  5. The Peregrine Fund, Available here: http://www.globalraptors.org/grin/SpeciesResults.asp?specID=8282
  6. iNaturalist, Available here: https://www.inaturalist.org/guide_taxa/68187
  7. Birds of the World, Available here: https://birdsoftheworld.org/bow/species/barhob1/cur/introduction
  8. Birdlife International, Available here: http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/sulawesi-honey-buzzard-pernis-celebensis
  9. Avibase, Available here: https://avibase.bsc-eoc.org/species.jsp?avibaseid=2588C5AF00728568
  10. Birdlife International, Available here: http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/22735356
  11. Planet of Birds, Available here: https://www.planetofbirds.com/accipitriformes-accipitridae-philippine-honey-buzzard-pernis-steerei
  12. Birdlife International, Available here: http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/black-honey-buzzard-henicopernis-infuscatus
  13. Planet of Birds, Available here: https://www.planetofbirds.com/accipitriformes-accipitridae-philippine-honey-buzzard-pernis-steerei
  14. Birdlife International, Available here: http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/black-honey-buzzard-henicopernis-infuscatus
  15. Hawk and Owl Trust, Available here: https://hawkandowltrust.org/about-birds-of-prey/honey-buzzard
  16. Clive Finlayson (1970) Avian survivors: The History and Biogeography of Palearctic Birds
  17. Beauty of Birds, Available here: https://www.beautyofbirds.com/honeybuzzards.html
  18. Birdlife International, Available here: http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/european-honey-buzzard-pernis-apivorus
  19. Bio One Complete, Available here: https://bioone.org/journals/journal-of-raptor-research/volume-40/issue-3/0892-1016_2006_40_244_SMOEHP_2.0.CO_2/SPRING-MIGRATION-OF-EUROPEAN-HONEY-BUZZARDS-PERNIS-APIVORUS-ALONG-THE/10.3356/0892-1016(2006)40[244:SMOEHP]2.0.CO;2.full
  20. Birdlife International, Available here: https://flightforsurvival.org/evolution-european-honey-buzzard/
  21. Thai National Parks, Available here: https://www.thainationalparks.com/species/crested-honey-buzzard
  22. Wildlife Journal Junior, Available here: https://nhpbs.org/wild/Accipitridae.asp
  23. BOU, Available here: https://bou.org.uk/british-list/bird-names/
  24. RSPB, Available here: https://www.rspb.org.uk/birds-and-wildlife/wildlife-guides/bird-a-z/honey-buzzard/breeding/
  25. Hawk and Owl Trust, Available here: https://hawkandowltrust.org/about-birds-of-prey/honey-buzzard
  26. Zootierliste, Available here: https://www.zootierliste.de/en/?klasse=2&ordnung=211&familie=21108&art=2080217&action=suche
  27. Birdlife International, Available here: https://flightforsurvival.org/european-honey-buzzard/

Relate animals

Abyssinian Guinea Pig

They are one of the oldest breeds of guinea pig

Ackie Monitor

The ackie monitor has a spiny tail which it uses as in self-defense.


The Albertonectes had the longest neck out of other Elasmosaurids.

American Bully

Though the American bully was bred to look intimidating, it makes an extremely friendly family pet!

Latest Animal News