Hippopotamus gorgops

The eyes of Hippopotamus gorgops were positioned on eyestalks which allowed it to see above the water surface when submerged.
Hippopotamus gorgops Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Hippopotamus gorgops
Hippopotamus gorgops Physical Characteristics
8,600-9,900 pounds
Hippopotamus gorgops Distribition

Hippopotamus gorgops was an earlier variation of the modern-day- day Hippopotamus and was considerably bigger. It has a similar appearance and develop however was considerably larger. Hippopotamus gorgops likewise exceeded existing- day variations significantly. This species of Hippopotamus lived in between the Pliocene to the Center Pleistocene Date of the Neogene Duration.

Summary and Dimension

Hippopotamus gorgops
German researcher Wilhelm Otto Dietrich released the very first summary of this species in 1928. Just a couple of fossils have actually been located up until now, making it challenging to inform the precise practice of this species.1,938 × & times; 900 pixels, documents dimension: 462 KB, comedian kind: image/jpeg – Permit

The name Hippopotamus indicates “river horse,” and it describes a genus of hoofed animals with just one living species, the Hippopotamus amphibius The complete name of this extinct species converts as “Hag- looked at river horse,” a recommendation to the unusual positioning of the animal’s eye, which is various from that of the modern-day Hippopotamus.

The eyes of the H. gorgops were placed on eyestalk- like orbits which squeezed out over its head. This would certainly have made it possible for the animal to see its environments plainly also when practically totally immersed undersea. Modern hippos likewise have actually eyes put over their head, however that of the Hippopotamus gorgops was placed a whole lot greater.

Other than the small distinction in the eye arrangement, H. gorgops was likewise larger in dimension contrasted to their living loved ones. It had actually an approximated size of 14 feet and depended on 6.9 feet high at the shoulders. This Hippopotamus likewise evaluated in between 8,600– 9,900 extra pounds. This indicates they had to do with two times as huge as modern-day selections that evaluate in between 2,800 and 3,600 extra pounds.

In regards to their general appearance, Hippopotamus gorgops weren’t incredibly various from today’s hippos. It had a barrel- designed upper body with broad- open mouths and big canine tusks. Its body was hairless, and it had durable, column- like legs.

Diet – What Did Hippopotamus gorgops Eat?

Usually, hippos have a vegetarian diet, and their major food resource is turfs. Nevertheless, they have actually likewise been observed to show omnivorous habits. They’re not likely to search target proactively, however they might eat flesh periodically, offered the chance. Provided the morphology of their bodies, they’re grazers as opposed to internet browsers. A current research that analyzed the isotope ecology of fossil hippopotamids disclosed that the hippos began consisting of a considerable portion of plant life in their diet plans considering that the late Miocene.

Environment – When and Where Hippopotamus gorgops Lived

Specialists believe Hippopotamus gorgops began life out in the levels of Africa throughout the Late Pliocene Date. Nevertheless, the distribution of the fossils uncovered up until now recommends that they moved right into Europe later on throughout the very early Pleistocene. As a matter of fact, the very first fossil that was ever before uncovered was located in Europe.

Hippos have an aquatic way of life, and this is shown in the morphological adjustments of species like the H.gorgops Among one of the most noteworthy ones is the positioning of their eyes at a raised placement over the head. This is an adjustment seen in animals that live near or near water bodies and invest considerable quantities of time immersed listed below the water’s surface area. The raised eyes made it feasible for the Hippopotamus to see over the water when immersed.

Dangers and Predators

Modern hippos are constructed to eliminate, and their old forefathers would certainly have been similarly exceptionally harmful. Provided their large dimension and large bite pressure, this ravenous water animal would certainly have conveniently safeguarded itself versus crocodilians and the huge cats that would certainly have been bountiful in its days.

Modern hippos eat pressure of approximately 8,100 Newtons, which of their old loved ones would certainly have been considerably greater. They’re likewise constructed to run really quickly over brief ranges. Every one of these, combined with their large mass, would certainly have secured them versuspredators Just juveniles went to considerable danger of predators.

In their later days, Hippopotamus gorgops most likely had actually run- ins with humans. There’s a possibility that ancient humans pursued them, potentially adding to their termination. That’s besides the feasible ecological risks they encountered throughout the Paleogene.

Discoveries and Fossils – Where Hippopotamus gorgops was Found

German researcher Wilhelm Otto Dietrich released the very first summary of this species in 1928. Just a couple of fossils have actually been located up until now, making it challenging to inform the precise practice of this species. Among one of the most interesting fossils of the Hippopotamus gorgops was uncovered throughout a historical excavation at a website in El Kherba, Algeria. The website goes back to the Very early Pleistocene date and has actually generated numerous Hippopotamus fossils, consisting of a head that professionals believe come from Hippopotamus gorgops based upon the cranial attributes and basic account. Bones coming from this species were likewise located in a close-by region of Ain Hanisch. Researchers likewise located bones of this Hippopotamus at Ubeidiya, Israel, going back to 1.6 million years earlier. This recommends that they moved out of Africa around 1.6 million years earlier.

Termination – When Did Hippopotamus gorgops Pass Away Out?

Hippopotamus gorgops ended up being extinct throughout the Center Pleistocene Date. This was around the very same time as the glacial period, which took place around 1.25– 0.7 million years earlier. Specialists believe the species moved out of Africa long prior to their termination (concerning 1.6 million years ago), in addition to lots of various other essential species.

Similar Animals to the Hippopotamus gorgops

Similar dinosaurs to the Hippopotamus gorgops consist of:

  • Hippopotamus leviathan – This is an extinct species of Hippopotamus that lived throughout the very early Pleistocene in the eastern Mediterranean area of western Asia. The H. leviathan was so similar to the gorgops that some researchers believe they may have coincided species existing in various components of the globe.
  • Hippopotamus aquatic – This is the just living species of Hippopotamus left in the Hippopotamus genus and among just 2 species in the family Hippopotamidae. It is similar in appearance to the H. gorgops however considerably smaller sized. 
  • Pygmy hippopotamus – This is a little- sized hippopotamid belonging to the woodlands and swamps of West Africa. Although it has the very same appearance as the common Hippopotamus, it is considerably smaller sized. 


  1. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hippopotamus_gorgops
  2. ZSL Journal of Zoology / J. M. Harris,T. E. Cerling,M. G. Leakey,B. H. Passey, Available here: https://zslpublications.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2008.00444.x
  3. Prehistoric Fauna, Available here: https://prehistoric-fauna.com/Hippopotamus-gorgops

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