Harlequin Snake

They are sometimes called American cobras because they belong to the same family as cobras!
Harlequin Snake Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Micrurus fulvius
Harlequin Snake Physical Characteristics
Yellow, Red, Black
Up to 12 years
Harlequin Snake Distribition

A female Harlequin snake can lay 4 to 13 eggs underground.

The Harlequin snake, or Eastern coral snake, is most remarkable for the black, yellow, and red rings running the size of its body. It stays in the southerly USA and Mexico. They are predators eliminating their target of lizards, insects, frogs, and fish with effective poison. Their conservation status is Least Concern.

4 Harlequin Snake Incredible Realities

  1. Concealing below woodland greenery the majority of the moment maintains this snake secure from a passing owl, red- trailed hawk, and various other predators.
  2. They are in some cases called American cobras since they come from the very same family as cobras. (However Harlequin snakes do not have a broadening hood.)
  3. A killer of this snake is quickly perplexed by its vibrant pattern and in some cases can not inform its head from its tail.
  4. The female Harlequin snake is longer than the male.

Where to Discover Harlequin Snakes

Harlequin snakes, or Eastern coral snakes, stay in the southerly component of the USA. Particularly, they inhabit Florida, North Carolina, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas. Their array additionally expands down right into Mexico. They stay in a cozy, damp environment. These snakes stay in woodlands, completely dry scrublands, hammocks, and near marshes. They are referred to as reclusive snakes frequently located concealing below fallen leaves and greenery. Concealing maintains them securely unseen of any type of killer in the location.

Harlequin snakes are specifically energetic in late springtime and the autumn. They enter into brumation in the winter season in order to run away the chilly and save power. When it’s time to enter into brumation, they tunnel right into the ground for both heat and defense.

Sorts Of Harlequin or Coral Snake

There are greater than 65 recognized kinds of New Globe coral snakes. They come from the Elapidae family.

  • Texas coral snake (Micrurus tener)- It’s located in Mexico, Louisiana and, naturally, Texas. At 48 inches long, grown-up Texas coral snakes are bigger than Eastern coral snakes.
  • Uruguayan coral snake ( Micrurus altirosis)- This South American poisonous snake has a thicker body than the Eastern coral snake. However it shares a similar pattern of red, black, and white rings on its body.
  • Annellated coral snake (Micrurus annellatus)- This coral snake stays in South America and can expand as long as 28 inches. The pattern of rings on its body can be dark blue, black, white, or yellow and red. It stays in a damp woodland environment.

Harlequin Snakes in a Various Family

There are 2 various other kinds of Harlequin snakes worth keeping in mind. These snakes are vibrant, poisonous, and belonging to Africa. They are participants of the Lamprophiidae family.

  • Candy Striped Harlequin snake ( Homoroselaps dorsalis)- The candy striped Harlequin snake is much shorter than the Eastern coral snake at 8 to 12 inches long. It is black with a brilliant yellow red stripe running right down its back. It stays in the meadows of South Africa.
  • Detected Harlequin snake ( Homoroselaps lacteus)- This snake expands to a size of 12 to 16 inches. It has a black and white seen body together with a sprinkle of dazzling orange or yellow. Like the candy striped Harlequin, it stays in South Africa.

Harlequin Snake Scientific Name

Micrurus fulvius is the scientific name of the Harlequin snake additionally called the Eastern coral snake. The name Harlequin describes the 16th- century clown- like number that puts on an outfit covered with a pattern of vibrant areas, forms, and layouts.

It comes from the Elapidae family and the Reptilia class.

There are 65 plus species of New Globe coral snake. A few of these consist of:

  • Texas coral snake
  • Uruguayan coral snake
  • Annellated coral snake
  • Guyana blackback coral snake

Harlequin Snake Population and Conservation Status

The certain population of the Eastern coral snake is unidentified, yet biologists approximate it at greater than 100,000. The IUCN Red Checklist of Intimidated Species documents it as Least Concern with a steady population.

Just How to Recognize a Harlequin Snake: Appearance and Summary

The Harlequin, or Eastern coral snake, has a pattern of black, yellow, and red bands. The bands cover both the back and the stomach of this reptile. This is various from several various other kinds of snakes with a pattern on their back combined with a strong underbelly.

This snake’s body is slim and expands to 20 to 30 inches in size. When contrasting a male and a female Eastern coral snake, the female is much longer.

Though the Eastern coral snake is not hostile, it has extremely powerful poison. In addition, it is similar in appearance to various other snakes in its environment.

2 of those non- poisonous lookalikes are the scarlet kingsnake and the scarlet snake. The scarlet kingsnake and the scarlet snake display screen red, black, and yellow bands. The distinction involves the pattern of shade. On an Eastern coral snake, the yellow and red bands touch. Conversely, on the scarlet kingsnake and the scarlet snake, the black and yellow bands touch. This refined distinction allows you recognize that the scarlet kingsnake and the scarlet snake are non- poisonous. There’s also a little rhyme you can remember: ‘Red touches yellow eliminates an other, red touches black a close friend of Jack.’

There are a number of various other distinctions in between these 2 non- poisonous snakes and the poisonous Eastern coral snake. The scarlet kingsnake has a red nose while the Eastern coral snake has a black nose. Additionally, the scarlet snake has a white stomach while the Eastern coral snake’s bands of shade run entirely around its whole body.

Exactly how to determine an Eastern Coral Snake:

  • Red, yellow, and black bands
  • A duplicating pattern of bands with red close to yellow and yellow close to black
  • Vibrant bands entirely cover both its back and stomach
  • It has a black head
An Eastern Coral Snake slithers through the grass
Unlike the majority of snakes, a Harlequin Snake’s bands of shade go entirely around their bodies.Mark_Kostich/ Shutterstock.com

Harlequin Snake Poison: Just How Unsafe Are They?

The Harlequin snake is poisonous. Nonetheless, it’s referred to as a timid, light- solidified snake. Bites are unusual and generally take place when a person inadvertently gets to right into or actions on a heap of fallen leave particles or greenery where a Harlequin snake is concealing. These snakes are not searching for a fight.

If you’re attacked by a Harlequin snake, the initial point to do is relocate far from it to avoid more injury. Likewise, attempt to remain as still and soothe as feasible. Maintain the location of the bite listed below the degree of your heart preferably. As an example, if you’re attacked on the wrist, maintain your wrist down at your side. Tidy the injury with light soap and water, after that completely dry it extensively. Delicately cover the injury with a tidy plaster.

After taking these actions, look for therapy from a physician. Do not attempt to place on a tourniquet or essence the poison.

There is an antivenom offered for Eastern coral snake attacks. A doctor’s assistance is needed to identify the seriousness of the bite and do something about it to avoid infection.

Harlequin Snake Actions and Humans

The Eastern coral snake is referred to as a shy, worried snake. This holds true with both male and female Eastern coral snakes. They attempt to stay clear of communication with humans in any way expenses!

They are slim- bodied snakes living below woodland particles and in burrows underground. Though they are recognized for having powerful poison, humans are extremely seldom attacked by these reclusive reptiles.


  1. Florida Museum, Available here: https://www.floridamuseum.ufl.edu/florida-snake-id/snake/harlequin-coralsnake/
  2. Wikipedia, Available here: ttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coral_snake
  3. IUCN Red List, Available here: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/64033/12738512
  4. African Snake Bite Institute, Available here: https://www.africansnakebiteinstitute.com/snake/spotted-harlequin-snake/
  5. NC Wildlife, Available here: https://www.ncwildlife.org/Learning/Species/Reptiles/Eastern-Coral-Snake
  6. Florida Museum, Available here: https://www.floridamuseum.ufl.edu/florida-snake-id/snake/scarlet-kingsnake/
  7. Wild Mag, Available here: http://wildmag.org/facts/Coralsnake.asp?page=/facts/Coralsnake.asp
  8. African Snakebite Institute, Available here: https://www.africansnakebiteinstitute.com/snake/spotted-harlequin-snake/

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