Hairy Woodpecker

They are natural pest controls
Hairy Woodpecker Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Leuconotopicus villosus
Hairy Woodpecker Physical Characteristics
Black, White
8.9 million
15 years
1.4 to 3.4 ounces
Hairy Woodpecker Distribition

Pay attention for their energised touching sounds.

The hairy woodpecker is a tiny, durable bird that creates eruptive phone calls and energised touching sounds. You will certainly usually locate them persistently foraging the branches of huge trees and can promptly identify them by their audios and strong black and white patterns. These birds are native to the island to The United States and Canada, where they live year- round. Discover all the interesting realities regarding the hairy woodpecker, consisting of where they live and just how to locate them!

5 Outstanding Hairy Woodpecker Realities

  1. The hairy woodpecker invests the majority of its time on the trunks of huge trees.
  2. They adhere to the pileated woodpecker, wait on it to dig deep into, after that take the insects it left.
  3. These birds like to forage on stands ravaged with bark beetles.
  4. The hairy woodpecker is much less most likely to show up in city parks and residential areas than various other woodpeckers.
  5. Their courtship consists of ritualized touching duets.

Where to Discover the Hairy Woodpecker

Hairy woodpeckers are indigenous year- round homeowners of Canada, the USA, Mexico, and components of Central America. They mainly live in fully grown woodlands with huge trees. Still, they will certainly choose many atmospheres with high trees like river groves, juniper timberlands, swamps, want hill woodlands, and Central American cloud woodlands. You might additionally identify them in country parks, burial grounds, beaver fish ponds, and orchards. To locate them, check the trunks or major branches of large trees, search for their black and white patterns, and pay attention for their passionate touching.


  1. Bahamas
  2. Canada
  3. Costa Rica
  4. El Salvador
  5. Guatemala
  6. Honduras
  7. Mexico
  8. Nicaragua
  9. Panama
  10. Saint Pierre and Miquelon
  11. USA
  12. Puerto Rico
  13. Turks and Caicos Islands

Hairy Woodpecker Nests

Woodpeckers excavate their nesting openings in the dead stubs of trees, with the entry opening usually on the bottom, which assists in staying out sap and flying squirrels. The entry is about 2 inches high and 1.5 inches vast, with a tooth cavity 8 to 12 inches deep. All-time low of the within is larger to enable adequate space for eggs and the nurturing bird. The pit is bare with the exception of some timber chips positioned on the flooring.

Scientific Name

The Hairy Woodpecker’s scientific name is Leuconotopicus villosus Leuconotopicus is a genus of woodpeckers in the family Picidae. The epithet Villosus is Latin for “hairy” or “shaggy” and describes the uncommon quill on the hairy woodpecker’s back. There are 17 acknowledged subspecies of this woodpecker.

Dimension, Appearance, and Habits

The hairy woodpecker is a tool- sized woodpecker, somewhat huge than a downy woodpecker. They have square heads, long expenses, and lengthy tail plumes. This bird is white below with a black back, wings, and tail plumes. The wings include white checkered places, and the head has 2 white red stripes with a brilliant red spot on the back of the head in males. Its trademark quill consists of a lengthy white spot on its back. Hairy woodpeckers do not always mate forever, however they do execute courtship display screens, such as duet pecking, making blaring audios, and going after each various other around trees.

A hairy woodpecker in the snow
Hairy woodpeckers have white tummies, with black backs, wings with a checkered pattern, and tail plumes.sandymsj/Shutterstock. com

Movement Pattern and Timing

Hairy woodpeckers are not migratory and use up year- round house in their liked atmospheres. Nevertheless, those in north populaces might stray somewhat southern, and birds in inland environments could locate their method in the direction of the shore throughout winter season. Woodpeckers that live in hilly areas will certainly take a trip to reduced altitudes throughout the chillier months.


Hairy woodpeckers are insectivores and will certainly benefit from overabundant insect populaces.

What Does the Hairy Woodpecker Eat?

A lot of this woodpecker’s diet contains insects, which it locates by foraging on trees, passing on bark, and digging deep into openings. The hairy woodpecker’s preferred food is ants, beetle larvae, and moth pupae. They will certainly additionally eat spiders, caterpillars, bees, wasps, crickets, millipedes, and grasshoppers. Woodpeckers are an exceptional source for managing parasites. They usually relocate right into ravaged locations, take house, and eat all the pests. They are particularly keen on bark beetles in online trees, timber- monotonous beetles in scorched woodlands, and coddling moths in orchards.

The hairy woodpecker is an all-natural killer of the European corn borer, a moth that sets you back the United States farming sector over $1 billion each year. Around 20% of their diet originates from berries, trees, nuts, and sap. These woodpeckers additionally regular yard bird feeders loaded with sunflower seeds and suet.

Predators, Dangers, and Conservation Status

The IUCN details the hairy woodpecker as “least concern.” They have a boosting population and a substantial array. Nevertheless, these birds are prone to woodland fragmentation, particularly large trees in fully grown woodlands. While authorities are not proactively checking their environments, they have in- area land and water defense.

What Consumes the Hairy Woodpecker?

Hairy woodpeckers can succumb birds of victim like owls and hawks and ground animals such as bobcats, foxes, coyotes, badgers, and opossums. When they will be struck, these woodpeckers will certainly hold an icy posture with their head, and expense aimed straight and their wings expanded flat. They might start to move the tree with their wings expanded, pecking assiduously at the bark.

Reproduction, Youthful, and Molting

Males and females preserve different areas outside the reproducing period, once it starts, they resolve right into the female’s area and execute ritualized touching at the nest website. Females lay 3 to 6 eggs. Both sexes execute incubation, with males nurturing during the night and females throughout the day. The chicks hatch out after 2 week, and both moms and dads feed them. The young leave the nest 28 to thirty days after hatching out however are taken care of by their moms and dads for time. Youthful hairy woodpeckers undergo their initial molt around 14 months and after that each year afterwards.


The IUCN approximates the hairy woodpecker population to be around 8.9 million fully grown people. Their numbers have actually enhanced by 6% over the last years and remain to fad upwards.

Up Following:



  1. IUCN Red List, Available here:
  2. Wildlife Online Library, Available here:[1379:HWWEIP]2.0.CO;2
  3. JSTOR, Available here:
  4. JSTOR, Available here:
  5. Academic OUP, Available here:
  6. Searchable Ornithological Research Archive , Available here:

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