Habu Snake

Unlike most pit vipers, the Habu gives birth to live young.
Habu Snake Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Protobothrops flavoviridis
Protobothrops or Trimeresurus
Habu Snake Physical Characteristics
Yellow, Green
7 to 10 years
Habu Snake Distribition

The Habu Snake is most popular for its usage in “medical” habu purpose ( habushu), or snake red wine.

The Habu Snake, likewise called the Kume Shima or Okinawa Habu, is a poisonous snake from Japan. Though not normally deadly, it eats that can create significant injury. Habu snake numbers are lowering, probably because of environment loss and overhunting. It is simply one species of Japanese snake made use of planned of snake red wine.

4 Outstanding Realities

  1. Habu snakes are made use of in making snake red wine. Often, the snakes have actually been understood to revitalize (and attack!) after fermenting in the red wine for months!
  2. These snakes are pit vipers, similar to the much- been afraid fer- de- lance of South America.
  3. Habu snakes can just be located on a tiny team of islands in Japan.
  4. Unlike a lot of pit vipers, the Habu brings to life live young.

Where to Discover the Habu Snake

These snakes have a really minimal variety, surviving on the islands of Okinawa, Amami, Amakarima Island, Kerama- Retto Island, and Okinawajima Island, of the Ryuku Island Chain in Japan.

If you intend to see among these snakes in the wild, search for it on the bigger volcanic islands in this area, where it is reasonably typical. It is normally not located on the smaller sized coral islands.

Its favored environment remains in the transitional area in between grown areas and hand woodlands. You might likewise see among these snakes if you see old burial places, caverns, or frameworks with rock wall surfaces.

Unfortunately, one of the most typical area that individuals might identify these snakes remains in industries extremely trafficked by travelers. These snakes are no more living, nonetheless– they have actually been made use of to produce habu purpose, or snake red wine, an allegedly medical beverage with an entire snake curled in the container. Though snake red wine has actually been made and made use of for centuries, its sales have actually just recently boosted. Why? Since travelers intend to take residence the terrifying- looking snake in a container.

Scientific Name

The Habu Snake has a number of typical names, consisting of Okinawa Habu and Kume Shima. It likewise has a number of scientific names. Usually, it is noted as Protobothrops flavoviridis. Various other resources detail it as Trimeresurus flavoviridis. Both categories show its connection to various other pit vipers. The Latin flavoviridis indicates “yellow-colored environment-friendly” and defines the snake’s shade. It is of the class Reptilia (reptiles) and the family Viperidae (viper snakes).

Historically, researchers have actually battled to class the Habu Snake successfully. Various Other scientific name basic synonyms consist of Bothrops flavoviridis, Trimeresurus riukiuanus, and Lachesis flavoviridis.

In the past, 2 subspecies were acknowledged – P. flavoviridis tinkhami and P. flavoviridis flavoviridis

Population & Conservation Status

The complete population of these snakes is unidentified, yet scientists think that the population remains in decrease. One factor is an evident reduction in the variety of attacks every year. On Okinawajima Island, around 300 individuals were attacked by these snakes every year in 1970. By the 1990s, 100 were attacked every year. In 2015, less than 30 attacks happened.

The pattern is similar on Amamaioshima Island, where 300 attacks each year in 1950 went down to much less than 100 attacks each year by 2000.

The Habu is presently ranked as an animal of Least Concern by the IUCN Red Checklist of IntimidatedSpecies This ranking was appointed in 2016.

Exactly How To Recognize the Habu Snake: Appearance and Summary

The Habu Snake is a huge pit viper; actually, it is the biggest snake in its genus. Its ordinary size is 4 to 5 feet, yet people 7.9 feet in size have actually been observed.

This snake has a huge head and a slim body. Its ranges are tiny. Its history shade is brownish or olive environment-friendly, with dark environment-friendly or darker brownish spots on the top. The sides of the spots are yellow, and yellow places might likewise happen. Frequently, the spots fuse to develop a bumpy line down the back. The snake’s stubborn belly is white with dark sides.

Exactly How to Recognize Habu Snakes

  • 4 to 5 feet in size
  • Blotchy olive environment-friendly or brownish pattern
  • White stubborn belly interrupted darker shades
Closeup of a Habu Snake head
The Habu Snake is the biggest snake in its genus, gauging anywhere from 4 to 8 feet in size.reptiles4all/Shutterstock. com

Habu Snake Poison: Exactly How Unsafe Are They?

The poison of the Habu Snake is extremely harmful. It consists of hemorrhagic parts and cytotoxins. The bite creates signs and symptoms such as nausea or vomiting, throwing up, and hypotension (reduced high blood pressure).

Individuals do not normally pass away from Habu Snake attacks. Nonetheless, if you are attacked, you need to look for healthcare right away. Also after getting therapy, 6 to 8 percent of bite sufferers experience long-term handicap, shedding electric motor feature in the hands or legs because of the poison’s impacts.

Habu Snake Actions and Humans

These snakes are hostile when disrupted, leading to a reasonably high variety of snake attacks. Years earlier, thousands of individuals were attacked by Habu Snakes every year. Today the numbers are reduced– regarding 2 attacks per 1,000 individuals. Nonetheless, this price is still thought about extremely high.

Individuals might experience Habu snakes when going to burial grounds or historical frameworks, as the snakes like to relax along rock wall surfaces. Individuals might likewise be attacked if they tip on the snake, as it is a terrestrial or ground- house species. Bites are most likely to happen during the night given that the snake is nighttime. It might get in houses in search of food resources, particularly mice or rats.


  1. BBC, Available here: https://www.bbc.com/travel/article/20151113-the-wine-that-comes-with-added-bite
  2. Atlas Obscura, Available here: https://www.atlasobscura.com/foods/snake-wine-china-vietnam
  3. IUCN Redlist, Available here: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/96265495/96265515

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