Greenland Shark

This shark has the longest lifespan of any vertebrate.
Greenland Shark Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Somniosus microcephalus
Greenland Shark Physical Characteristics
Grey, Black-Brown
Several thousand
250 to 500 years
Top speed
-0.24 mph
2200 pounds
Greenland Shark Distribition

” The Greenland shark is thought about the Methuselah of Sharks.”

The Greenland shark, called eqalussuaq by the Inuit individuals is well-known for living to a fantastic age. Biologists think that this huge, sluggish fish can live to be half a millennia old. Its durability most likely has something to do with the truth that it does whatever gradually. It swims gradually. It duplicates gradually. It captures victim by creeping up on them when they’re sleeping after that assaulting.

So the earliest of these animals has actually been around because Shakespeare, and the finalizing of the Declaration and the Reign of terror and 2 Globe Battles and all fashion of human turmoil and does not care. “Slow and constant success the race,” have to be the ideology of eqalussuaq!

4 Extraordinary Greenland Shark Realities!

  • It is typically parasitized by a copepod that has a fondness for its eyes. The copepod typically blinds the shark, however does not influence either its total health and wellness or capacity to search.
  • The Greenland shark isn’t all set to reproduce till it has to do with 150 years of ages.
  • The shark reduces pieces out of huge carcasses by attacking right into it and rolling its jaw around.
  • The female gurry shark is gravid for in between 8 and 18 years prior to she delivers.

You can take a look at even more unbelievable truths concerning Greenland sharks.

Greenland Shark Scientific name

The Greenland shark’s scientific name is Somniosus microcephalus Somniosu s is from the Latin “somnus,” which suggests rest, and microcephalus is New Latin for “little head.” There are just one species.

Greenland Shark Appearance

The Greenland shark can expand as long as 24 feet, which measures up to the size of the Great White shark. Females are larger than males.

The shark relocates extremely gradually and also its uncommon ruptureds of rate just attain concerning 1.6 miles per hr. It has the typical harsh shark tegument that’s essentially constructed out of teeth. Its skin varies in shade from light grey to blackish brownish and in some cases reveals areas or bands. The shark has a little head, little eyes, and little gill slits. The body is torpedo- designed and has 2 dorsal fins and no rectal fins. There are 2 fins on either side of the origin of its tail and little pectoral fins. The shark has concerning 100 teeth, with 48 to 52 in its top jaw and 18 to 52 in its reduced jaw.

Greenland shark near the ocean ground, Somniosus microcephalus - shark with the longest known lifespan of all vertebrate species.
Greenland shark near the sea ground, Somniosus microcephalus – shark with the lengthiest well-known life-span of all vertebrate species.Populated Yeti/

Greenland Shark Actions

Greenland sharks are singular save the reproducing period. Occasionally a team of sharks, called a shudder or a college will certainly collect at a whale loss or the carcass of a few other huge animal. If a victim animal is little sufficient for the shark to eat it entire, it will certainly encounter it, open its mouth, and just draw it in. The gurry shark is typically blinded by bloodsuckers however does not require its vision to assist it discover food. It can do this by scenting food, consisting of deteriorating carcasses, in the water.

Greenland Shark Environment

The shark is discovered in the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans though it’s been viewed as much southern as France and the shore of the southeastern USA. It can be discovered near the surface area of the water and to depths of over 7000 feet.

Greenland Shark Diet

The shark is an opportunistic predator and will certainly eat nearly anything it can absorb. Among the extra intriguing truths concerning the gurry shark’s diet is that it’s not above scavenging for a dish. Its belly materials have actually consisted of components of huge animals such as moose and polar bears. At the very least one shark had actually handled to down an entire reindeer.

Greenland Shark Predators and Risks

The Greenland shark is a substantial animal, and though it does not scoot, it is a peak killer and just also huge for various other predators to deal with. The exemption to this, certainly, is humans. Since it is overfished in position, its conservation status is vulnerable. Environment adjustment additionally warms up the cool waters it chooses.

 What consumes the Greenland shark?

Humans eat the Greenland shark, despite the fact that its flesh is poisonous. It can be prepared in such a way that makes it risk-free to eat.

What does the Greenland shark eat?

The Greenland shark consumes fish, squid, aquatic animals such as seals and little whales, and carrion.

Greenland Shark Reproduction and Life Process

Nobody has actually ever before seen Greenland sharks breeding, however females have actually been seen with marks from bite marks. This recommends that these sharks mate like various other sharks, with the male getting the female with his teeth to hold her still as he feeds her eggs inside.

After the eggs are fed, they stay within the mom till they hatch out. After that, the puppies are birthed to life after a pregnancy that can take as long as 18 years. It is thought that a female shark brings to life 10 puppies at once, and they will certainly not have the ability to recreate themselves till they go to the very least a century old.

Once the young are birthed, they are independent. Offered her exceptionally lengthy life-span, a female Greenland shark can have thousands of infants.

Greenland Shark in Angling and Food Preparation

Though its conservation status is vulnerable, concerning 1000 of these sharks are still purposely captured yearly and 3 and a half times that numerous are the sufferers of by- catch. Humans search the shark for its conceal and its flesh and till lately, the abundant oil in its liver. Though its flesh is poisonous to humans, it can be dealt with in such a way that seeps the contaminants from it. The recipe made from this dealt with meat is called Hákarl.

Greenland Shark Population

Since 2021, there are most likely 10s of hundreds of these sharks in the wild.


  1. National library of Medicine, Available here:
  2. National Ocean Service, Available here:
  3. Wired, Available here:
  4. Wikipedia, Available here:
  5. Animal Diversity Web, Available here:

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