Great Hammerhead Shark

Great hammerhead sharks have a 360 view because their eyes are situated on the ends of their mallet-like heads.
Great Hammerhead Shark Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Sphyrna mokarran
Great Hammerhead Shark Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, White, Olive, Grey-Brown
20-30 years
Top speed
20 mph
900-1280 pounds
Great Hammerhead Shark Distribition

” The heaviest great hammerhead shark ever before tape-recorded considered a massive 1280 extra pounds”

The great hammerhead shark is located in warmer waters and is the most significant of 9 subspecies. Normally, they mature to 10- 14 feet long. Nonetheless, there are documents of a female over 20 feet!

Great hammerhead sharks are singular animals that move to warmer waters throughout winter season. The females bring to life in between 6 t- 42 dogs every 24 months.

Great Hammerhead Shark Truths

  • The lengthiest great hammerhead shark determined at 20ft, and the heaviest considered a massive 1280 extra pounds!
  • Great hammerhead sharks choose superficial waters and are generally located approximately 262 feet deep. Nonetheless, they have actually been located at midsts of 984 feet.
  • Scientists think great hammerhead sharks are cannibalistic and in some cases eat their very own young.
  • Great hammerhead sharks enjoy to eat stingrays and have actually been located with their stingers extending from their mouths, which indicates they are unsusceptible to their poison.
  • The great hammerhead shark’s gestation duration lasts for 11 months, and they bring to life in between 6- 42 dogs.

Great Hammerhead Shark Scientific Name

The great hammerhead shark’s scientific name is Sphyrna mokarran, a blend of Greek and Arabic significance, “great hammer.”

A German conservationist traveler Wilhelm Peter Eduard Simon Rüppell initially found the species in 1837. As a result of his 2 significant explorations to north Africa in 1817, he assisted produce the Nature Culture.

On his 2nd exploration from 1831 to 1834, near Eritrea on the Red Sea, Wilhelm experienced a great hammerhead shark stranded on a sandbank while attempting to capture its victim.

He saw that it varied from the 4 species currently recorded by French zoologist Achille Valenciennes. So Wilhelm crowned it with the Arabic name mokarran, which indicates “Great”

The male was an amazing 9.5 feet, and they launched it unscathed. This famous traveler additionally recorded various other shark species like:

  • Milk Shark ( Rhizoprionodon)
  • Whitetip Coral Reef Shark ( Triaenodon obesus)
  • Silvertip Shark ( Carcharhinus albimarginatus)
  • Lemon Shark ( Negaprion acutidens)

There are 9 species of hammerhead sharks, all with various qualities and functions; they consist of:

Scalloped Hammerhead Shark

Dimension: 14 feet

Environment: Established in exotic waters worldwide.

IUCN Red Checklist Condition: Seriously Endangered

The scalloped hammerhead is just one of the larger of the species. Nonetheless, they are difficult to misidentify due to the several notches on their level, slim heads, making them appear like scallop coverings.

Their gestation duration lasts one year, and they bring to life around 12- 38 dogs. The dogs have actually been recognized to take security in between the mangrove trees in tidewaters and bays.

Unlike many sharks, they collect in colleges, with the bulk females, and search with each other. Their recommended foods consist of:

  • Sardines
  • Herring
  • Mackerel
  • Pelagic octopus
  • Squid

Smooth Hammerhead Shark

Dimension: 16 feet

Environment: Favors pleasant water however happens worldwide.

IUCN Red Checklist Condition: Vulnerable

The smooth hammerhead is the 2nd most significant of the species. It obtained its name from the shiny structure of its head, unlike its relatives, the great and scalloped hammerheads with notches on their cephalofoil (level and slim head).

They choose pleasant water and will certainly move to the equator throughout winter season and back to the posts for the summer season. The smooth hammerhead shark is usually located in the superficial waters of bays, tidewaters, and nautical islands.

Their recommended food consists of:

  • Herring
  • Mackerel
  • Seabass
  • Smaller sized sharks
  • Octopus
  • Squid
  • Shellfishes
  • Stingrays

Winghead Shark

Dimension: 6.2 feet

Environment: Favors superficial, exotic waters in the Western Indo- Pacific area of the Indian Sea.

IUCN Red Checklist Condition: Endangered

The winghead shark has a peculiarly wide head, and its size can be half the shark’s size. That’s why it’s additionally referred to as the slim hammerhead shark.

They have slim bodies, and their shade varies from grey to brownish, with a high dorsal fin. A determining attribute is an imprint in the facility of its head with little bumps on either side of the nostrils.

The slim hammerhead has extraordinary vision and extensive sights due to its extraordinarily broad head. Furthermore, their big nostrils give them with a great feeling of scent, and they can adhere to smells from miles away.

They are located off the Persian Gulf and the Western Indo- Pacific area in exotic, superficial waters, as they such as to search on the sea flooring.

Their recommended foods consist of:

  • Herring
  • Cephalopods
  • Shellfishes

Their gestation duration lasts 11 months, and the female brings to life around 25 dogs.

Bonnethead Shark

Dimension: 4.9 feet

Environment: Found mainly on the North and South American coastlines in exotic tidewaters and bays.

IUCN Red Checklist Condition: Endangered

The bonnethead is just one of the smaller sized sharks of the species. It has a spherical head, which is why it is commonly described as the shovelhead shark.

The bonnethead utilizes its pectoral fins for swimming, which is various from exactly how the various other hammerhead sharks swim because of its little body dimension.

An additional distinct quality is that females have various heads than males. The females have a smooth spherical head, while the males have a recognizable bump in the facility.

Their liked area is the Atlantic and Pacific seas, near to the North and South American coastlines. Nonetheless, because of the extreme overfishing carried out in the location, their numbers have actually seriously decreased.

Bonnetheads are the only species of hammerhead sharks that are omnivores. They eat both plants like seagrass and shellfishes like shrimps, little fish, and blue crabs.

Scalloped Bonnethead Shark

Dimension: 3 feet

Environment: Eastern Pacific shore in exotic and subtropical waters.

IUCN Red Checklist Condition: Seriously Endangered

The scalloped bonnethead shark resembles the bonnethead shark, with 2 distinguishing characteristics. Initially, rather than a smooth, rounded head, they have impressions. As a result, they are commonly called the crown or mallet head shark.

Second Of All, they are the tiniest of the hammerhead shark species, and unlike many shark species, the males expand larger than the females.

As a result of extreme overfishing in the location, the scalloped bonnethead is the rarest of all hammerhead sharks. They choose the exotic waters of the eastern Pacific Sea in between Mexico and Peru.

Their dogs are entrusted to look after themselves from birth and conceal in the tidewater’s mangrove woodlands to prevent predators.

Scalloped bonnethead sharks like to search in soft seabeds and eat:

  • Mollusks
  • Cephalopods
  • Crustaceans

Scoophead Shark

Dimension: 5 feet

Environment: They occupy the superficial, exotic waters of the Western Atlantic and Eastern Pacific coastlines.

IUCN Red Checklist Condition: Seriously Endangered

There is very little found out about the scoophead shark. They regular the exotic waters of the Western Atlantic and Eastern Pacific coastlines and appear like the scalloped bonnethead. Nonetheless, they are 2 feet larger, their mouths have a larger arc, and their nose is much shorter.

Their favored dishes are:

Their numbers have actually lowered dramatically because of adolescent environment loss. The dogs conceal in Mangrove woodlands which have actually been ruined for many years. Predators can locate and eat the dogs due to the fact that they can not conceal in the woodlands.

Smalleye Hammerhead Shark

Dimension: 4.9 feet

Environment: South Americas Eastern shore’s superficial and sloppy water.

IUCN Red Checklist Condition: Seriously Endangered

Smalleye hammerheads are very easy to determine because of the areas of intense gold on their heads and bodies, providing the labels gold hammerheads or curry sharks.

The gold shade is thought to find from the diet of smalleye hammerhead sharks. The shrimps and catfish, in addition to their eggs, have a gold pigment that influences the coloring of the adolescent sharks. This distinct coloring aids them camouflage in the sloppy waters they occupy.

Yet the factor behind their usual name, smalleye shark, results from their extraordinarily little eyes about their bodies. Furthermore, their heads are formed like clubs and have a primary impression in the facility.

Although they bring to life around 19 dogs yearly, their susceptability to overfishing has actually seen a substantial decrease in their population on the South American eastern shore.

Carolina Hammerhead Shark

Dimension: 14 feet

Environment: The pleasant waters of the Western Atlantic Sea Coastline.

IUCN Red Checklist Condition: Unidentified

This species of the hammerhead shark is one of the most lately found out of the 9 subspecies. It was recorded by Carter Gilbert in 1967 when a sampling was captured off Charleston, SC.

Initially, they thought it was a scalloped hammerhead, however after taking a more detailed look, distinct qualities exposed it was a different species.

While both species look virtually the same, they are totally various inside. The Carolina hammerhead has 10 less vertebrae, and its hereditary product additionally varies from the scalloped hammerhead.

Very little else is found out about this reluctant species, however they are much rarer than the scalloped shark. Furthermore, understanding concerning their distribution is restricted to the western Atlantic Sea and South Carolina waters, where they choose to deliver.

Great Hammerhead Shark Appearance and Actions

The great hammerhead is a singular killer however has actually been recognized to swim in colleges periodically. They are hostile seekers and will certainly strike if endangered. Although they do not proactively seek humans, assaults have actually been tape-recorded.

Nonetheless, there have actually just been 16 assaults recorded in between 1900 and the here and now, and none led to fatality. Most of these assaults have actually happened off the shore of Florida, The Golden State, and Australia.

Since their eyes remain on the side of their club- designed heads, they have exceptional vision and a 360 sight of their environments, making them competent seekers.

Furthermore, they have a team of sensory body organs called the ampullae of Lorenzini. Its feature is to spot electric areas developed by various other animals. This assists the great hammerhead in locating its food, specifically victim like flounders or stingrays that hind under the sand.

They can get to sizes of 20 ft. and can consider approximately 1,280 extra pounds! Furthermore, their coloring varies from olive environment-friendly to brown- grey with an off- white underbelly.

Their sharp triangular teeth are greatly serrated and have actually a lengthened dorsal fin that is very easy to determine.

Biggest Shark: Great Hammerhead
This shark’s uncommon name originates from the uncommon form of its head, an incredible item of makeup developed to make best use of the fish’s capability to locate its favored dish: stingrays.frantisekhojdysz/Shutterstock. com

Great Hammerhead Shark Environment

Great Hammerhead Sharks are located worldwide, primarily in superficial waters over continental racks and island balconies.

Nonetheless, they additionally venture bent on much deeper waters well offshore. They are usually located at midsts of 3 feet however can get to midsts of 262 feet if required. Their favored environments are generally continental and insular reef with plentiful food.

Great Hammerhead Shark Diet

The great hammerhead shark is no particular eater; they have a wide diet that consists of:

They utilize their distinct sensory feature, electroreception, and 360 vision to locate their victim and pin them down so they can not swim away.

Great Hammerhead Shark Predators and Hazards

As a result of the great hammerhead shark’s enormous dimension, it has actually couple of recognized predators Nonetheless, bull sharks prey upon the dogs, and the grownups are pursued and eliminated by killer whales.

Their most significant risk is the mankind because extreme overfishing has actually brought about the decrease of this distinct species.

Their big pectoral fins are of great worth in the Chinese market, which is why anglers target them. Furthermore, their environment is decreasing, and they are provided as seriously endangered on IUCN’s Red Checklist.

An additional intriguing truth is researchers have actually recorded cannibalism within the species. Some grownups will certainly strike, eliminate, and eat the dogs.

Great Hammerhead Shark Reproduction, Children, and Life Expectancy

Their reproduction procedure resembles various other sharks, where the male utilizes his clasper to feed the female’s eggs via her cloaca.

Great hammerheads recreate in a Viviparous nature. The mommy’s eggs hatch out within the womb, and she provides real-time birth to around 6- 42 dogs.

While in the womb, the dogs obtain nutrients via an umbilical cable linked in between their pectoral fins, which is connected to a placenta. The female’s gestation duration lasts 11 months; when the dogs are birthed, they are entrusted to look after themselves. While this does not appear really mother’s, the females deliver in bays or tidewaters where Mangroove woodlands can secure and secure the dogs. If the dogs maturate, their ordinary life-span is in between 20 and thirty years.

Great Hammerhead Shark Population

There is no information that feeds on the great hammerhead’s population dimension. Yet however, there is information recommending that their population gets on the decrease, which is why they are provided as seriously endangered.

Great hammerhead sharks in the Indian Sea, Mediterranean Sea, and Atlantic Sea have actually dramatically lowered in their populaces. Researchers have actually ended that their population has actually minimized by 80% in the last 70 years.

Great Hammerhead Shark In the Zoo

If you ever before wish to see among these stunning animals on your own, it is feasible, and you do not require to sustain an arduous sea trip. So, why not take a trip or expanded vacation to among these areas to see them firsthand:

  • Journey Fish Tank, Camdon, NJ
  • Atlantis Paradis Island Hotel, Bahamas
  • Georgia Auquarium, Atlanta
  • Shark Coral Reef Exhibition, Las Las Vega, Nevada


  1. Wikipedia, Available here:
  2. Oceana, Available here:
  3. Shark Research Institute, Available here:
  4. National Geographic, Available here:
  5. Marine Bio, Available here:
  6. Florida Mudeum, Available here:
  7. Britannica, Available here:
  8. IUCN Red List, Available here:

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