Goliath Tigerfish

Featured in River Monsters TV series
Goliath Tigerfish Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Hydrocynus goliath
Goliath Tigerfish Physical Characteristics
Silver, Olive
90-100 pounds
Goliath Tigerfish Distribition

Some individuals call the Goliath Tigerfish a “fish on steroids” or the African variation of the piranha.

Whatever you call it, the Goliath tigerfish is one frightening animal. These solid fish are taken into consideration devil fish by some African tribespeople. While some aquarists maintain them as unique pets, it’s finest to recognize exactly how to manage them prior to starting.

5 Amazing Goliath Tigerfish Truths!

  • Having a Goliath tigerfish in some components of the globe is prohibited, consisting of in Florida, where you can not acquire, market, have, or import them.
  • They are delicate to points like oxygenation, light, and temperature level.
  • Among its names, M’Benga, implies “the harmful fish” in a Swahili language.
  • Some Swahili tribespeople thinks that the M’Benga fiend gets in the tigerfish, triggering it to assault individuals.
  • Their bite pressure permits them to reduce their target in fifty percent conveniently.

Goliath Tigerfish Classification and Scientific name

Goliath tigerfish are the biggest participants of the 5 species in the genus Hydrocynus The very first component of its scientific name, Hydrocynus goliath, originates from Greek, implying hydro (water) and kyon (dog). Nonetheless, some French- talking African societies call this fish Poisson Chien (dogfish) as opposed to tigerfish.

Goliath Tigerfish Appearance

Goliath tigerfish are largely olive on the top and silvery under, however you will certainly likewise locate ranks of yellow, brownish, and grey with a gold appearance around their faces. They likewise have an upright dorsal fin and 3 smaller sized fins listed below their stomaches. Completely expanded tigerfish are 4 to 5 feet long and evaluate 90 to 100 extra pounds. Each tooth in the Goliath tigerfish’s mouth can be as much as 7 inches long, measuring up to the dimension of teeth in lots of sharks.

Goliath Tigerfish (Hydrocynus goliath) caught in Congo on the Congo river. Fully grown Goliath tigerfish are four to five feet long and weigh 90 to 100 pounds.
Goliath Tigerfish (Hydrocynus goliath) captured in Congo on the Congo river. Completely expanded Goliath tigerfish are 4 to 5 feet long and evaluate 90 to 100 extra pounds.iStock.com/ David_Pibrac

Goliath Tigerfish Distribution, Population, and Environment

This tigerfish species stays in bigger rivers and lakes in the Congo River container, consisting of Lualaba River, Lake Upemba, and Lake Tanganyika. Africa is their single environment. Their precise population is unidentified, however as they are countless in their indigenous environment, their conservation status is of least concern.

Goliath Tigerfish as Pets

Professionals suggest that just seasoned aquarists maintain Goliath tigerfish as pets in a house fish tank as a result of their aggression. They are generally marketed as juveniles, just 3 to 6 inches long, yet they need a huge container to expand appropriately. As these fish fully grown, you might need to at some point relocate them from a fish tank to a fish pond. However, they will not reach their greatest dimension as they would certainly in the wild. You must not maintain Goliath tigerfish with various other smaller sized fish as they will certainly see their container friends as food and eat them. They need water that is well oxygenated with a modest to solid present as they are delicate to water high quality.

Goliath Tigerfish Predators and Victim

Goliath tigerfish are peak predators, implying they have couple of animals that search them. When searching, Goliath tigerfish usage calmer swirls of rivers and lakes to assail their target. While these fish utilize their eager view to discover their dishes, they likewise have a distinct capability to discover reduced- degree regularities enabling them to notice when target neighbors. Researchers likewise think these fish utilize their effective bite pressure to stun and eliminate their target. They do not utilize their large teeth for eating. Once they eliminate their target, they ingest it entire. They search catfish, angelfish, cichlids, and gobies.

Goliath Tigerfish vs. Crocodile

Although one is a fish and the various other is a reptile, Goliath tigerfish and crocodiles share numerous features. Both are strong predators recognized to assault humans. They likewise have collections of long, aimed teeth. Nonetheless, freshwater crocodiles are a lot larger and more powerful than Goliath tigerfish. The dimension of freshwater crocodiles standards from 6 to 10 feet, while Goliath tigerfish peak at concerning 4 to 5 feet. In a battle in between 2 totally expanded animals, the crocodile would certainly win because of its large dimension and stamina, however not prior to shedding a couple of items of its skin. Crocodiles will normally play a waiting video game with Goliath tigerfish prior to growing a definitive bite to eliminate the last.

Goliath Tigerfish Reproduction and Life Expectancy

Very little is learnt about exactly how Goliath tigerfish duplicate as researchers have actually not examined the species thoroughly. They generally generate throughout summertime when they locate ideal reproducing premises, generally swamped shores, and coast. When they locate an ideal spawning ground, female Goliath tigerfish can launch as much as 780,000 eggs simultaneously. They have a tendency to conceal their nests in undersea plant life, showing adolescent tigerfish susceptability. The hatchlings remain there up until water degrees require them out. Infant tigerfish eat plankton and gradually graduate to bigger target as they age. Goliath tigerfish expand gradually at just 4 to 6 inches annually, so they can occupy to one decade to reach their complete dimension. Reproducing them in a fish tank is practically difficult, so all Goliath tigerfish marketed as pets are captured in the wild.

Goliath Tigerfish in Angling and Food Preparation

Goliath tigerfish are taken into consideration a sportfishing species largely. Nonetheless, these large fish can feed a whole African town when captured for food. They are whitefish, so their meat hurts and yummy. They are typically barbequed, deep-fried, baked, and prepared in a similar way to tilapia. Goliath tigerfish are solid competitors taken into consideration to be treasured gamefish. They take practically any kind of sort of lure and consistently leap when connected, so a cable leader is required because of their sharp teeth.

Goliath Tigerfish Population

There are no certain numbers on the amount of Goliath tigerfish exist in the wild. Nonetheless, as their IUCN (Internation Union for Preservation of Nature) red listing standing is of least concern, one can presume that there suffice varieties of these fish in the wild. Nonetheless, at the very same time, regional authorities in Africa recommend sporting activity fishers to launch Goliath tigerfish when feasible.


  1. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrocynus_goliath
  2. Everywhere Wild, Available here: https://everywherewild.com/goliath-tigerfish/
  3. River Monsters, Available here: https://river-monsters.fandom.com/wiki/Goliath_Tiger_Fish
  4. KnowledgeNuts, Available here: https://knowledgenuts.com/goliath-tigerfish-of-the-congo/
  5. Roaring Earth, Available here: https://roaring.earth/goliath-tigerfish/
  6. Big Fishes of the World, Available here: http://bigfishesoftheworld.blogspot.com/2011/11/goliath-tigerfish-hydrocynus-goliath.html
  7. Aqua Imports, Available here: https://www.aqua-imports.com/product/goliath-tiger-fish-hydrocynus-goliath/
  8. Aquarium Part, Available here: https://aquariumpart.com/goliath-tigerfish/#:~:text=large%20frozen%20shrimp.-,Life%20Span,predators%20and%20hunting%20by%20humans.
  9. NYK Daily, Available here: https://nykdaily.com/2020/08/fight-in-the-wild-series-goliath-tigerfish-vs-nile-crocodile/
  10. Unbelievable Facts, Available here: https://unbelievable-facts.com/2017/01/goliath-tigerfish.html
  11. Animal-World, Available here: https://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/characins/AfricanTigerFish.php
  12. Springer, Available here: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00005052
  13. Our Marine Species, Available here: http://ourmarinespecies.com/c-fishes/african-tigerfish/
  14. Total Fisherman, Available here: https://www.totalfisherman.com/tiger_fish.html

Relate animals

Abyssinian Guinea Pig

They are one of the oldest breeds of guinea pig

Ackie Monitor

The ackie monitor has a spiny tail which it uses as in self-defense.


The Albertonectes had the longest neck out of other Elasmosaurids.

American Bully

Though the American bully was bred to look intimidating, it makes an extremely friendly family pet!

Latest Animal News