Gibbon Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Gibbon Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Yellow, Black, White
25-40 years
Top speed
35 mph
6-9kg (13.2-19.8lbs)
Gibbon Distribition

” The fastest- relocating tree- home animal”

Gibbons are tree- home apes that reside in Asia and Indonesia. Likewise referred to as minimal apes as unique from primates, gibbons fast and nimble, brachiating with the treetops at quicken to 35 miles per hr (56 kph). There are 18 unique species of this arboreal, or tree- home, animal, consisting of white- handed, slamang, and lar gibbons. Most of gibbon species are endangered, and some are seriously endangered.

Unbelievable Gibbon Truths!

  • Relying on sex and species, gibbons consider 6- 9kg.
  • They measure up to 25 years
  • Gibbons have additional- long arms and effective legs for turning and jumping from tree to tree
  • Gibbons are much better at strolling on 2 feet than any kind of various other ape or monkey

Gibbon Scientific Name

The scientific name for gibbon is Hylobatidae. The Hylobatidae ape family consists of the category Hylobates, Hoolock, Nomascus, and Symphalangus.

Dwarf gibbons, whose scientific name is Hylobates, consists of the species Hylobates lar, Bornean white- facialed hair, Agile, Mueller’s, Silvery, Pleated, Kloss’s gibbon.

Hoolock consists of the species Western hoolock, Eastern hoolock and Skywalker hoolock gibbon.

The species of crested gibbons, whose scientific name is Nomascus, includes the North enthusiast- cheeked, Black- crested, Eastern black- crested, Hainan black- crested, Northern white- cheeked, Southern white- cheeked, and Yellow- cheeked gibbon.

The Symphalangus genus consists of one species, siamang gibbons.

Gibbon Appearance

These are light, nimble apes. Their elevation varies from 15 to 36 inches (40 to 90 centimeters), relying on their species. The biggest gibbons, the siamang, have to do with half the elevation of their human equivalents. All species have tiny heads and smooth, apelike faces mounted with hair. Similar to the primates and unlike monkeys, they do not have tails.

Among their most obvious attributes is their unusually lengthy arms, which they make use of to brachiate with the covers of trees that work as their environment. When these apes stroll upright, they hold their arms up by their heads to maintain their equilibrium.

These animals have actually specialized wrist joints that enable them to relocate their hands back and forth along with back to front. This advertises quickly, reliable progression from branch to branch.

The hands and feet of these minimal apes are extended. Each hand has a deep slit that aids them grasp highly onto branches. The siamang gibbon, which is amongst the biggest sorts of these apes, has 2 toes on each foot that are completely merged with each other.

Their hair can be any kind of shade of brownish or black, occasionally blended with white. Their faces, feet and hands commonly have contrasting markings, as in the Bornean white- facialed hair or yellow- cheeked species.

Gibbon Actions

These minimal apes invest the majority of their lives up in the jungle cover. Their lengthy reach and effective legs make them the globe’s biggest brachiators. They can take a trip rapidly, extending ranges of as much as 50 feet in a solitary jump. Periodically, they will certainly miss out on a branch or misjudge a range in between trees, and this commonly leads to damaged bones

They endeavor to the woodland flooring just sometimes. Probably they require to try to find food or get away from an additional animal in the treetops. When they get on the ground, these minimal apes commonly take a trip on 2 feet, holding their arms over their heads to remain upright.

All the gibbon species are singing. Their voices are music and can take a trip substantial ranges. They make use of audio to situate various other gibbons, advise away trespassers and charm their companions. The charming track, commonly a duet with the designated friend, is referred to as the terrific telephone call.

Siamang gibbons and various other species have actually distinctly created throat cavities. When the animal breathes in, loading the throat cavity with air, it enhances its telephone call with the exotic woodland, aiding situate various other apes, mark territorial borders or participate a breeding duet. The biggest species, the siamang, has a loud voice that takes a trip as much as 2 miles.

As a whole, these primates mate permanently. They reside in tiny, extended families composed of a mated set and one adolescent children. Although they oversleep the trees, these animals do not develop nests like various other apes. As soon as the kid grows, it endeavors bent on create its very own family team.

Gibbon Environment

These animals populate the jungle of Southeast Asia in these nations:

These arboreal animals require a thick woodland cover that gives food, sanctuary and a method of transport. Different species reside in various areas such as hills or valleys, yet they all share a choice for treetop environments.

Gibbon Diet

These animals mainly eat fruit and plants that are readily available in the tropical rain forest cover. They are omnivores, nevertheless, so they do eat meat sometimes such as insects, bird eggs and tiny animals.

Gibbon Predators and Dangers

Big cats belonging to Southeast Asia, such as clouded leopards and tigers, exploit these minimal apes. Large snakes and eagles additionally position a hazard to these arboreal apes. One substantial research of Maroon Langur monkeys in Borneo revealed that white- facialed hair gibbons made cautioning phone call to signal their very own species along with various other animals like the monkeys when predators neighbored, providing the opportunity to look for security.

Humans search these animals in the wild to offer to zoos. Individuals in some societies acquisition components of the animals for recovery or consuming.

The largest danger without a doubt, nevertheless, is human infringement on the jungle that they call house. As human being declares an increasing number of of these woodlands, these animals have much less food and quickly reducing environments, which is the key factor many of the species are endangered.

Gibbon Reproduction, Infants and Life-span

The female brings to life a solitary children each time. They might have as several as 6 children throughout their reproduction duration. Females in the wild reach sex-related maturation around 8 years old while males develop a little bit later on, around ten years old. These arboreal creatures take a solitary friend each time, yet they might alter companions when their children have actually matured.

Female maternity lasts 6 and a half months. As soon as she delivers, both moms and dads look after the infant up until it is old sufficient to leave house.

Typically, these animals in their all-natural environment live around 30- 35 years. Those in bondage have a tendency to live longer, as much as half a century. The lengthiest- lived private on document, a Mueller’s gibbon called Nippy at New Zealand’s Wellington Zoo, passed away at age 60.

Gibbon Population

All gibbon species are decreasing. Most of the 18 species remain in threat of termination. As a matter of fact, much less than 25 Hainan crested gibbons of the Nomascus genus continue to be, making this species one of the most seriously endangered primate in the world. Various other kinds that are seriously endangered additionally come from the Nomascus genus, consisting of:

  • Black- crested –
  • North – white- cheeked –
  • Cao- Vit gibbon

Those species with endangered standing are:

  • Western hoolock
  • Agile
  • Bornean white- facialed hair
  • Kloss’s
  • Lar
  • Silvery
  • Mueller’s Bornean
  • Pileated
  • Abbott’s grey
  • North grey
  • Yellow- cheeked
  • Southern white – cheeked
  • Siamang

The eastern hoolock gibbon is vulnerable yet not yeten dangered Skywalker hoolock and north yellow- cheeked gibbons call for refresher course to establish their standing.

Gibbons in the Zoo

Numerous zoos in significant United States cities have these animals on display. A few of the species you can see in these zoos consist of the lar, the siamang, and the white- cheeked gibbon. Various other sorts of these tree- occupants in zoos are the Javan gibbon, the eastern hoolock and the pileated gibbon.

In Canada, the Toronto Zoo has white- handed gibbons. A grey female gibbon at the Assiniboine Zoo in Winnipeg lived to be half a century old. Currently, the zoo is house to a family of white- handed gibbons. Numerous various other zoos throughout Canada have gibbons as well.

As a matter of fact, zoos throughout the globe have various gibbon species. One of the most usual in bondage are the siamang, the white- cheeked and the lar.


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals
  8. Wikipedia, Available here:
  9. National Geographic, Available here:
  10. Britannica, Available here:
  11. BBC News, Available here:
  12. Gibbon Conservation Center, Available here:
  13. Science Daily, Available here:
  14. Gibbon SSP, Available here:
  15. Smithsonian’s National Zoo & Conservation Biology Institute, Available here:

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