Giant African Land Snail

The biggest snail species on land!
Giant African Land Snail Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Achatina fulica
Giant African Land Snail Physical Characteristics
Brown, Yellow, Red
3-10 years
Top speed
0.002 mph
250-450g (8.8-15.9oz)
Giant African Land Snail Distribition

” The Giant African Land Snail is a large, difficult, well- took a trip snail”

As its name recommends, the Giant African Land Snail is among the biggest snails on the planet. Though it is belonging to East Africa, it has actually been presented in several various other areas. In a lot of these areas, it has, sadly, end up being something of a parasite. Though the Giant African Land Snail developed in exotic climates, it has actually found out to grow in even more pleasant locations and might also hibernate, or estivate throughout the chillier or drier months.

5 Unbelievable Giant African Land Snail Realities

  • Like several various other snails, Giant African Land Snails are hermaphroditic, suggesting they have both male and female body organs.
  • The snail begins life as a male, after that comes to be a hermaphrodite as it develops.
  • A gravid Giant African Land Snail can lay as several as 500 eggs at once. The older it obtains, the even more eggs it lays, and in congenial environments, it can lay eggs every 8 to twelve weeks.
  • The snail gladly consumes numerous sorts of plants, whether living or dead.
  • The Giant African Land Snail never ever quits expanding. Though its development price slows down as it ages, it will certainly maintain expanding up until it passes away.

Giant African Land Snail Scientific Name

Though there are a couple of animals called the Giant African Snail, this post handles the species Achatina fulica The snail comes from the Achatinidae family and the genus Achatina. It utilized to be referred to as Achatina (Lissachatina) fulica, Achatina hamillei; Helix (Cochlitoma) fulica; Helix fulica, or Lissachatina fulica The species name is originated from the Greek word for “agate,” and might explain the eye-catching pattern on the animal’s covering. Fulica is Latin for a sort of water chicken.

Giant African Land Snail Appearance

The very first point an individual notifications concerning a totally expanded Giant African Land Snail is its dimension. The animal is nearly 3 inches high, can expand to virtually 8 inches long, and can quickly fill up the hand of a produced male’s hand. It evaluates a little over an ounce.

The biggest of these snails was 14.7 inches long. That’s still not as huge as its relative, Achatina achatina The biggest of these snails, called Gee Geronimo, had a body that was 15.5 inches long, a covering that was 10.75 inches long, and evaluated 2 extra pounds.

In Achina fulica, the covering is more than it is large and the twirls transform either clockwise or counter- clockwise depending upon the person, though the majority of snails have clockwise transforming coverings. By the time the snail is expanded, the covering can have in between 7 and 9 twirls, or spirals. A lot of coverings are tones of brownish with eye-catching red stripes and touches. The shade depends greatly on the animal’s diet and setting. The covering of the Giant African Land Snail is notoriously difficult and abundant in hefty steels. Like all land snails, A. fulica’s muscle “foot” permits it to relocate. Its head has 2 sets of fleshy arms.

The Giant African Land Snail is singular and just looks for various other snails when it’s time to reproduce. Like the majority of various other land snails, it puts down a route of sludge as it transfers to safeguard it as it traverses harsh surface. The snail is energetic in the evening and rests throughout the day after it hides itself in dirt. Like all snails that have coverings, the covering is utilized for defense. The brown tones of A. fulica‘‘ s shell aid camouflage it too.

If a team of these snails obtain with each other, they are called a stroll, a route, an escargatoire or a thrashing.

Giant African land snail.
Tina Khruslova/

Giant African Land Snail Habits

Throughout the evening, the snail leaves its sanctuary and looks for food. It does not listen to as humans do, yet it has various other detects to instruct it concerning its setting. Its eyes are discovered on the top set of its arms and the reduced set have olfactory body organs. The snail counts generally on these 2 detects to assist it browse the globe.

Giant African Land Snail Environment

This giant snail come from what are currently the nations of Tanzania, Mozambique, Somalia, and Kenya and is presently discovered in much of the globe consisting of Asia, the Caribbean, and North and South America. Environments where A. fulica embellishments consist of the shore, the woodlands, around rivers, shrublands and marshes, and also cities. Considering that the snail does not move, this indicates it was presented right into these various other locations, either unintentionally or purposely. Some individuals gathered them as pets and the snail got away, occasionally they were brought over on freight ships or rode on cars, occasionally they were presented as a food resource. Due to the fact that one gravid snail can lay numerous eggs at once, it is very easy for the snail population to take off in nations where the snail is foreign.

Giant African Land Snail Diet

The snail is an herbivore and will certainly eat a remarkable selection of plant- based products. Biologists have actually counted at the very least 500 sorts of plants that the snail will certainly eat. It does not care if it is living or dead and will certainly also eat paper. To strengthen its covering, it will certainly eat resources of calcium such as stones, sand, and bones. The snail has actually also been attended eat concrete. It will certainly eat the remains of little animals. When food is actually limited, Giant African Land Snails will certainly eat their very own eggs or turn to cannibalism.

The diet of the snail modifications as it ages. Youthful snails prefer algae and plants and blossoms that are soft and even decomposing, though a snail caretaker need to not feed a snail rotting food as it might still upset them. Older snails choose fresh, living greenery, consisting of vegetables and fruits such as cucumbers, bananas, and lettuce. The snail has the ability to eat such a diverse diet since it has a radula, which appears like a lengthy tongue loaded with serrated teeth. This body organ grates the animal’s food and makes it much easier to absorb.

Giant African Land Snail Predators and Risks

Although that the Giant African Land Snail has actually come to be intrusive in some components, it has a terrific several predators These consist of rats, foxes, wild boars, hermit crabs, and various other snails such as the cannibal snail. Fire ants and flatworms likewise assault and feast on A. fulica, specifically when it’s young. In spite of this, the snail is not endangered.

Giant African Land Snail Reproduction, Infants, and Life-span

Among one of the most remarkable features of the Giant African Land Snail is that it is a hermaphrodite, which indicates it has both male and female reproductive body organs. Considering that the snail can not feed itself, it has to look for a companion.

A. fulica is specific when it involves a companion, and they select them according to their age and their dimension. If they coincide dimension, possibilities are greater that both snails will certainly end up being gravid. If one is bigger, the bigger snail serves as the female.

The snails start by tenderly dating, after that trading sperm, which can be kept in the snail’s body for as lengthy as 2 years. Breeding has actually been understood to last as long as 2 hrs and takes place in the evening. The snail lays its eggs in between 8 and 20 days later on in nests or, in the dirt or amongst rocks. A snail that is laying eggs for the very first time will possibly lay just 100 approximately, and concerning 90 percent of them will certainly hatch out concerning 2 weeks later on if the temperature level exceeds 59 levels Fahrenheit. The child snails or hatchlings are minis of their moms and dads and do not undertake transformation like sea snails. Neither moms and dad offers treatment.

A. fulica is sexually fully grown when it is 6 months old and has a life expectancy of concerning 3 to 5 years though some have actually lived as long as one decade. Whether the animal remains in bondage or in the wild does not appear to make much distinction in its life-span. Though predators maintain the varieties of these snails in sign in their indigenous locations, presented snails pass away of old age or since the environment is unwelcoming also for them.

Giant African Land Snail Population

Offered just how swiftly A. fulica gets to reproductive age, its fecundity, and its capacity to swiftly adjust to various environments, there are possibly numerous them worldwide. In Africa alone, they are discovered in 14 nations and are thought about intrusive in 8 of them, consisting of Ghana, Madagascar, Nigeria, and the Seychelles.

The snail is discovered in 21 Eastern nations, consisting of Nepal, Israel, Sri Lanka, Japan, and Vietnam, and is thought about intrusive in all 4 of them. The snail is discovered in Italy and Spain yet is under obliteration in Italy.

In the USA, the snail is discovered in Florida, Hawaii, and Wisconsin and is intrusive in Florida and Hawaii. A. fulica was very first discovered in Florida in 1969 was removed yet returned in 2011 and is currently under obliteration once again.

A. fulica is likewise intrusive in several locations of Oceania, consisting of American Samoa, French Polynesia, Palau, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa. It was removed in Tuvalu.

The snail is likewise intrusive in much of South America, consisting of Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, and Venezuela.

The snail has actually been presented as early as prior to 1800 in Madagascar and as lately as 2013 in the Netherlands Antilles.

Giant African Land Snail In the Zoo

As common as the snail is, it is still shown in zoos. They consist of:

  • Belfast Zoo
  • London Zoo
  • Noah’s Ark Zoo Ranch
  • Following Door Zoo


  1. Amateur Entomologist’s Society, Available here:
  2. NCBI Resources, Available here:
  3. Wikipedia, Available here:
  4. Animal Diversity Web, Available here:
  5. Global Invasive Species Database, Available here:
  6. Discovery Place, Available here:
  7. Snail-World, Available here:
  8. Britannica, Available here:

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