Flying Lemur

The second pair of upper incisors in a flying lemur has a double root, which is unique for mammals.
Flying Lemur Scientific Classification
Flying Lemur Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Red, Black, White
About 15 to 17.5 years in captivity
Top speed
22.5 mph
Sunda: 2 to 4.5 pounds; Philippine 2.2 to 3.85 pounds
Flying Lemur Distribition

The Flying Lemur is not a lemur, and it can not fly!

Of all the sliding animals, that including flying squirrels and flying possums, flying lemurs are one of the most proficient. This is due to their patagium, a membrane layer covered with hair that acts just like a parasail as they move from one tree to the various other. This membrane layer is linked to the animal’s face, all 4 of its paws, and its tail. Flying lemurs are evasive, reside in the treetops, and are most energetic in the evening.

4 Amazing Flying Lemur Realities!

Some truths regarding the flying lemur are:

  • Flying lemurs are not lemurs whatsoever yet come from the family Cynocephalidae and the Dermoptera order. They are rather very closely pertaining to humans.
  • They’re just discovered normally in Sunda and Indochina.
  • They have teeth that appear like little combs, and they are certainly made use of to brush their thick hair.
  • A female can transform her patagium right into a bag to hold her child.

Flying Lemur Scientific Name

Thus far, there are 2 species of flying lemur. The scientific name of the Sunda flying lemur is Galeopterus variegates, and the scientific name of the Philippine flying lemur or kagwang is Cynocephalus volans Though the “Galeo” component of Galeopterus doubts, “pterus” suggests wing, and variegates is Latin for variegated, which describes the shades of the animal’s hair. Cynocephalus ways dog- headed from the Greek, and volans is Latin for flying, so its name equates to “flying, dog- headed animal.” The order the animals come from, Dermoptera, suggests “skin- wing.”

The Sunda flying lemur has a huge and dwarf type. The previous is discovered on the Sunda Rack, while the dwarf is discovered in main Laos and the islands near it. There are 4 subspecies:

  • G. v. variegatus
  • G. v. temminckii
  • G. v. borneanus
  • G. v. peninsulae

The kagwang is believed to be the only species in its genus until now, yet some biologists think that 2 various other species exist. These are the Bornean and the Javan flying lemurs.

Flying Lemur Appearance

The Sunda lemur has a tiny head and ears and protuberant eyes that deal with ahead like a primate’s. They have thick hair that is white or light below and tones of white, red, black, or grey over. Its legs, which are everything about the exact same dimension, are signed up with by the patagium. The animal’s feet are webbed and clawed. The hair might additionally have actually lichen- tinted spots that aid camouflage the animal if it detects something harmful in the location. When the Sunda flying lemur moves it can extend its patagium to around 27.5 inches many thanks to a muscle mass in its side.

The Philippine flying lemur or kagwang is smaller sized than the Sunda flying lemur, and its hair has a tendency to be darker and much less variegated. Its head appears like that of the flying fox, yet it’s not connected to this fruit bat. Like the Sunda flying lemur, it has a tiny head and ears and significant ahead- dealing with eyes that aid it see at night, and its retinas do not have capillary, which is uncommon for a creature. Likewise, like the Sunda flying lemur, the arm or legs of the Philippine flying lemur have to do with the exact same size, and the animal has claws on its feet that allow it climb up and hold on to tree trunks and tree arm or legs.

Both species are nighttime. They do not take part in swimming in the water, though they seem swimming perfectly with the air. They are almost powerless on the ground, considering that they can not stand, and invest their whole lives in the trees.

A flying lemur with two babies on her back, balancing on a rope.
A flying lemur with 2 children on her back, stabilizing on a rope.Peter Bocklandt/

Flying Lemur Actions

This lemur’s day starts in the evening or prior to the sunlight collections and finishes prior to the sunlight increases once again. Throughout this time around they forage for food, sliding from one tree to the various other trying to find provender. To do this they’ll reach the really leading of a tree, launch right into the air, and come down on one more tree trunk after a regulated move that lasts for a couple of secs. After that, they go up to the top of that tree and repeat the procedure. Climbing up for the colugo is a slow-moving and uncomfortable- looking procedure, as they appear to “jump” up the tree. On the various other hand, both the Sunda and Philippine lemurs can quickly move greater than 328 feet without delaying.

The colugo is mainly singular and can be territorial. Some biologists approximate that the region of a Sunda flying lemur has to do with 2 hectares. Often a team can be seen in one tree, though they take care to maintain a particular range from each various other. Throughout the day the colugo relaxes and sanctuaries in a dental caries in a tree.

Flying Lemur Environment

The environment of both species of these lemurs is the multi- storied exotic jungle of Southeast Asia and Indochina. Though their environment is being fractured because of farming and various other human task, the flying lemur has actually adjusted well to the adjustments and can additionally be discovered on rubber and coconut haciendas. Certainly, the kagwang has actually created a method of covering itself right into a round as it hangs from a coconut hand. When it does this, its brown- grey hair makes it appear like a coconut.

Flying Lemur Diet

These lemurs have harmful- looking teeth that are commonly seen in predators, yet they are mainly herbivores. They eat young fallen leaves, ripe fruit, blossoms, and fires. Often they’ll eat insects and in some cases they’ll lick the bark of trees for minerals, water, and sap. Their digestion system is well created to damage down the fiber, tannins, and various other products in their diet.

Flying Lemur Predators and Hazards

The primary risk and killer of these lemurs is the human. Humans create environment fragmentation and devastation and some humans search lemurs for food. The Philippine flying lemur is additionally preyed upon by the substantial and dangerous Philippine eagle and various other harmful raptors.

When a flying lemur is faced by a killer, it will certainly either ice up in position and attempt to assimilate with the vegetation or it will just move away, swimming quickly with the air to one more tree and unharmed. Yet sliding is much less valuable if the killer is a human equipped with a spear or a rifle.

Flying Lemur Reproduction and Life Process

Biologists are uncertain regarding just how these lemurs court and friend, yet they do recognize that they mate throughout the year which females can conceive once again not long after they deliver. The Sunda flying is expectant for 60 days, while the Philippine lemur is expectant for regarding 105 days. Both normally bring to life just one baby at once, though doubles will certainly be birthed periodically.

Various other truths that make these lemurs uncommon: their children are birthed in a really underdeveloped state, similar to marsupials. They evaluate just a little over an ounce and have simply adequate stamina to hold on to the hair of their mommy’s tummy. As opposed to a bag, the mommy will certainly cover the child in her patagium to maintain it cozy and secure.

The child is fed from 2 teats discovered near its mommy’s underarms. It is discouraged when it has to do with 6 months old and comes to be sexually fully grown when it’s in between 2 and 3 years of ages.

Biologists think the life-span of these lemurs has to do with 15 years, and it prepares to reproduce in between the ages of 2 and 3 years.

Flying Lemur Population

Both the Sunda and the Philippine lemurs are of least concern according to the IUCN Red Checklist in spite of the ecological stress they are under. There have to do with 100,000 Philippine lemurs and 1000 Sunda lemurs.


  1. WWF, Available here:
  2. Wiki.nus, Available here:
  3. Wikipedia, Available here:
  4. Animal Diversity Web, Available here:
  5. National Geographic, Available here:
  6. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Available here:

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