Fishing Cat

Scoops fish out of the water using its paw!
Fishing Cat Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Prionailurus viverrinus
Fishing Cat Physical Characteristics
Black, Olive-Grey
Less than 10,000
10 – 12 years
Top speed
34 mph
5.5kg – 8kg (12lbs – 17.6lbs)
Fishing Cat Distribition

Fishing Cat Classification and Advancement

The Fishing Cat is a tiny to tool sized feline that is natively discovered throughout a variety of nations in south- eastern Asia. Unlike various other cat species discovered around the globe (with the significant exemption of the Jaguar) the Fishing Cat invests a lot of its life in locations of thick plants near to water and is an exceptional swimmer. Nonetheless, in spite of its water- caring way of life, the Fishing Cat is not especially specifically adjusted to its semi- marine way of life with tiny teeth that are not well made for keeping unsafe victim and just mild webbing in between the toes on its front paws to assist it to work out the unsafe financial institutions. Although the Fishing Cat is understood to still be in your area usual in specific locations, the international population is badly under risk as it is assumed that almost 50% of their particular marsh environments are under risk from enhancing degrees of Human task throughout much of its all-natural variety.

Fishing Cat Makeup and Appearance

The Fishing Cat has a stocky and effective body that is rather lengthy in contrast to its brief legs. Their brief and crude layer of hair is olive- grey in colour and formed with strong black areas that run the size of its body and usually become black lines along the spinal column. The Fishing Cat has a brief and squashed tail that is noted with black rings and can be made use of by the animal when swimming as it operates in a similar method to a tail on a watercraft, guiding the Fishing Cat in the ideal instructions via the water. Their tiny feet are somewhat webbed however none a lot more so than numerous various other feline species, however among the greatest distinctions in between the Fishing Cat and its family members is that their claws are not completely retracting with the ideas still standing out somewhat from the safety sheath of skin on their toes (most felines have the ability to entirely withdraw their claws to stop them from ending up being blunt when they are not being used). Fishing Cats have rather wide heads in regard to their body with tiny, spherical ears that are black on the back and have an unique white area in the centrer.

Fishing Cat Distribution and Environment

The Fishing Cat is natively discovered throughout a variety of nations in south- eastern Asia consisting of Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam together with the Indonesian Islands of Java and Sumatra. Although the Fishing Cat shows up to have a large geographical variety, as a result of the reality that they choose thick, wetland environments they are just discovered in specific areas throughout these nations. Preferably, the Fishing Cat populates marsh locations where there is lots of thick plants to give cover both from predators however additionally to conceal from possible victim, and can be discovered in a range of marine areas that consist of mangrove swamps, rivers, lakes, marshes, reed beds and locations of woodland near to streams. They are nevertheless, badly endangered throughout much of their all-natural variety as marshes are drained pipes for farming or usually contaminated by market in the location. It is assumed that 98% of the internationally considerable marshes throughout south- eastern Asia are under risk and can also vanish entirely.

Fishing Cat Behaviour and Lifestyle

The Fishing Cat is a nighttime and singular seeker that relaxes among thick plants throughout the day prior to heading to the water during the night to discover food. They are exceptionally solid and qualified swimmers and have actually been understood to swim large ranges usually in quest of a fish attempting to escape. Fishing Cats are greatly territorial animals that inhabit residence series of approximately 22 square kilometres (although the series of a female is usually much less), with that said of a male Fishing Cat overlapping the spots inhabited by a variety of females in the location. Fishing Cats are understood to be fairly versatile animals and in specific locations are also understood to live around city suburban areas with little plants and near to Human negotiations. Their exceptionally evasive and nighttime way of life indicates that they are usually difficult to identify however are at risk to being caught, infected or mistakenly captured in entrapments that are established- approximately capture various other woodland animals, such as Deer.

Fishing Cat Reproduction and Life Process

Although little is actually understood about their reproduction or social behavior in the wild, breeding is believed to occur in January and February when a female Fishing Cat will certainly contact us to males in the location, suggesting that she prepares to mate. After a gestation duration that lasts for in between 60 and 70 days, she offers birth to 1 – 4 kitties that consider concerning 150 grams and are birthed blind. Fishing Cat kitties establish fairly gradually initially placing on approximately 11 grams in weight a day and do not open their eyes up until they are simply over 2 weeks old. At around 50 days old the kitties have the ability to begin consuming meat however are not discouraged for a minimum of one more number of months. Fishing Cats reach their grown-up dimension and have the ability to reproduce by the time they are 9 months old and end up being entirely independent of their mom concerning a month later on when they delegate develop a region of their very own. Although it is assumed that it is simply the female that raises her young in the wild, restricted males have actually been observed aiding her to elevate their children.

Fishing Cat Diet and Target

The Fishing Cat is a meat-eating animal that just pursues and takes in various other animals in order to obtain every one of the nutrients that it requires to make it through. As its name recommends, marine animals compose the mass of the Fishing Cat’s diet with greater than 70% of the food believed to be fish, complied with by molluscs, frogs, snails and snakes that are discovered in or near to the water. Fishing Cats are additionally understood to search tiny animals such as mice ashore and will certainly also target bigger victim like civets, dogs and animals in locations near to negotiations. Fishing Cats capture their victim in a number of various means however often tend to study the water as soon as a fish has actually been identified prior to capturing it in its mouth (they are also understood to study rather deep water and can appear under marine birds to capture them). The various other approach they make use of entails them resting at the water’s side either on the financial institution or a rock and utilizing their paw, they gently touch the surface area in such a way that resembles an insect to draw in fish. Once it is close sufficient the Fishing Cat after that scoops the fish out of the water utilizing its paw and flicks it onto completely dry land prior to consuming it.

Fishing Cat Predators and Dangers

As a result of the effective construct and marine nature of the Fishing Cat they are believed to have really couple of (if any kind of) genuine all-natural predators in the wild. Nonetheless, the Fishing Cat is usually discovered in locations where they share their environments with bigger meat-eating animals such as tigers and bears which can be of risk to them. Individuals are the greatest risk to the Fishing Cat as they have not just ruined much of their distinct marsh houses with enhancing degrees of commercial and business task however they have actually additionally been understood to search Fishing Cats for many years for their meat and hair. In spite of currently being a safeguarded animal species, big seizures of Fishing Cat skins at regional markets still happen which shows that poachers are still annihilating populaces, especially in specific locations. One more issue for Fishing Cats brought on by Humans is the reality that in locations near to expanding negotiations, residents are usually overfishing in the close-by lakes and rivers which indicates that the food readily available for the Fishing Cats is additionally decreasing quick.

Fishing Cat Fascinating Realities and Functions

The Fishing Cat was very first defined clinically by Bennet in 1833 and was provided its scientific name with the last previous significance “civet- like”. Although they are not very closely associated whatsoever, the Fishing Cat has a long, stocky body with brief legs and a brief tail that makes it look incredibly similar to these tiny predators. Although Fishing Cats often tend to be most generally discovered in a range of watery lowland environments, they are additionally understood to occupy locations at altitudes of approximately 5,000 feet depending upon the rivers in the location (a tiny population is in fact discovered partly of the Mountain ranges). The Fishing Cat is classified as component of the Leopard Cat family tree which indicates that its forefathers would certainly have progressed around 6 million years earlier. Various other participants of this feline team consist of the Leopard Cat itself, the Pallas Cat and the Apartment- Headed Cat, to which the Fishing Cat is most very closely associated.

Fishing Cat Connection with Humans

As a result of the reality that the Fishing Cat is rarely seen in the wild as they are nighttime and their liked environments would certainly have been rather hard to reach to individuals for a long time, up until the center of the last century they were in your area usual throughout much of their indigenous areas. Nonetheless, the searching of them by individuals for their meat and hair has actually taken out populaces in numerous locations and also today, they are still unlawfully eliminated in their hundreds to market their skins onto the underground market. The greatest issue encountering the Fishing Cat however, is the significantly enhancing degrees of Human task in their natural surroundings that is badly influencing not simply the Fishing Cats, however additionally the exceptionally distinct and biography- varied marsh environments in which they live. Water draining pipes for farming and to give way for roadways, expanding Human negotiations and high degrees of market that contaminates the water with harmful materials has actually minimized their as soon as large all-natural variety by almost 50%.

Fishing Cat Conservation Status and Life Today

Today, the Fishing Cat is detailed by the IUCN as an animal species that is Endangered in its natural surroundings and can as a result be endangered with termination in the not also long run. The greatest risk to the Fishing Cat is environment loss with most of their continuing to be pockets of marsh houses currently thought about to be safeguarded locations (prohibited task in these locations though is still adding to the loss of species in these areas). Preservation tasks have actually been established in a variety of locations to secure both the Fishing Cats and their distinct marsh environments and the searching and sell the species is currently prohibited. Poaching nevertheless, still proceeds with skins still being taken from markets in the much eastern.


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals
  8. Fishing Cat Facts, Available here:
  9. Fishing Cat Research, Available here:
  10. Fishing Cat Conservation, Available here:

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