Eurasian Collared Dove

The Eurasian collared dove has been extensively studied due to its amazing ability to rapidly colonize new territories.
Eurasian Collared Dove Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Streptopelia decaocto
Eurasian Collared Dove Physical Characteristics
60 – 110 million
Up to 17.8 years in the wild
0.35 to 0.44 pounds
Eurasian Collared Dove Distribition

The Eurasian collared dove has actually been thoroughly examined because of its impressive capability to quickly conquer brand-new regions.

The Eurasian collared dove is thought about an intrusive species in much of its region. With an approximated population of 100 million or even more birds worldwide, and the capability to spread numerous miles in each generation, this dove is an extremely efficient colonizer.

This collared dove, Streptopelia decaocto, resembles numerous various other doves with collars or rings on their necks. The European turtle dove, Streptopelia turtur, and the Barbary dove, Streptopelia risoria, remain in the very same genus.

The growth of the Eurasian collared dove is worrying due to the fact that it is a hostile rival and extremely territorial. After being presented in the Bahamas in 1970, the dove resided throughout the Caribbean and throughout much of The United States and Canada and Central America. Since 2020, it had actually made its means to the boundary of South America without any indications of quiting.

Extraordinary Eurasian Collared Dove Realities

  • This dove spread out from the Caribbean throughout a lot of the USA and right into Canada in simply a couple of brief years.
  • The growth of this species in Europe has actually been called exponential.
  • The name of the Eurasian collared dove’s genus indicates “collared dove” and consists of numerous species, all with dark rings or collars on their necks.
  • These doves are hostile and territorial. They will certainly assault various other birds, removing plumes and pecking them viciously. They will certainly also assault a lot bigger crows in protection of their nests.
  • Eurasian collared doves mate forever and collaborate to increase their young. Their children are driven by an impulse to fly regarding feasible prior to locating friends of their very own.
  • Anomalies create a minimum of 2 alternative pigmentations of the species: the Ino anomaly causes a white to blonde bird and a much less typical anomaly triggers brownish tuft.

Where to Locate Eurasian Collared Doves

The Eurasian collared dove come from what is currently Bulgaria. This dove was very first defined by the Hungarian biologist, Irme Frivaldszky in 1838. It is not understood just how or when exactly the bird very first shown up in the Balkans. It stayed there for a long time prior to starting a fast dispersal throughout Europe and Asia.

This identified dove made it completely to Africa by itself. It currently has populaces in Morocco and Egypt and maybe various other nations in the north section of the continent.

The trip to North and Central America needed a little bit of human help. It started in 1970, when a pet vendor in the Bahamas imported a couple of reproduction sets from the Netherlands. In 1974 numerous of the birds were mistakenly launched throughout a break-in, and the vendor consequently transformed the remainder of his supply loose. An approximated 50 or even more Eurasian collared doves were after that cost-free and reproduction in the Bahamas.

In a practically frightening screen of growth, the birds took just a couple of brief years to spread out from one island to one more throughout the Caribbean. By the very early 1980s, the doves had actually held in Florida.

Today, the Eurasian collared dove has actually infected loads of nations, consisting of those in Europe and Asia. Its variety currently covers a lot of the USA, right into Canada, throughout the Caribbean and right into Mexico. In 2020, the species was formally provided as existing in Trinidad and Tobago. Scientists are viewing thoroughly for the growth of the species right into South America from there.

Eurasian Collared Dove Scientific Name

The scientific name of the Eurasian collared dove is Streptopelia decaocto Words “streptopelia” equates to “collared dove.” It is the name of the genus that includes Eurasian and various other species of collared doves, consisting of Streptopelia risoria, the Barbary dove, and Streptopelia turtur, the European turtle dove, amongst numerous others.

The name “decaocto” was offered to the bird of its telephone call. The name is based upon an old Greek misconception regarding a young servant lady that called out words in issue regarding her bad incomes. She was become a dove by Zeus to ensure that she might leave her master.

Eurasian Collared Dove Appearance

Eurasian collared dove
This dove has a tail that identifies it from some similar species because it is contested instead of sharp.Voodison328/Shutterstock. com

The Eurasian collared dove, unsurprisingly, has a mark around its neck. Actually, it was called for the collar and comes from a genus loaded with species of doves with such markings.

The crescent- designed black collar is rimmed in white, and it attracts attention versus the light grey tuft of the bird. This grey is touched with pink around the head and bust. The doves have to do with 12 to 14 inches long and evaluate much less than half an extra pound. Both the males and females look basically the very same.

This dove has a tail that identifies it from some similar species because it is contested instead of sharp. The bottom of the tail is white. Grownups have red eyes while juveniles have brownish. Grownups have a black beak and brief, pinkish legs and feet. Juveniles look similar, with darker legs and simply a little bit of red shade to their plumes. The juveniles additionally have actually a much less specified collar up until they grow.

2 well-known shade aberrations exist within the Streptopelia decaocto species. One is the Ino anomaly, which causes a white to blonde shade. This anomaly is additionally existing in Streptopelia risoria An additional uncommon anomaly triggers the Eurasian collared doves to display brownish tuft.

Eurasian Collared Dove Habits

Maybe one of the most specifying quality of the Eurasian collared dove is the procedure whereby the freshly independent juveniles spread from their moms and dads. These birds are understood to fly regarding 600 kilometres, or almost 375 miles, to begin their grown-up lives. This desire to take a trip thus far from their nest of beginning is what drives the growth of the species.

Just like a wildfire, the dispersal of the Eurasian collared dove complies with a type of dive and backfill pattern. Like smoldering ashes, continued the wind much in advance of a fire, so are the private doves making their means as much from house as they can. Brand-new regions are declared, much ahead of the existing population’s variety, and the location in between promptly fills out as various other participants of the species fly.

The Eurasian collared dove is a hostile rival any place it goes. It will certainly assault various other birds and chase them from food resources. It has actually been observed drawing plumes from competing birds, getting on their backs and pecking at them strongly. The dove will certainly also assault crows that attempt to swipe eggs from its nest.

This dove often tends to live near human beings, also nesting on structures and various other man-made frameworks. They are typically discovered set down high in trees or on energy lines, and they roost with each other in huge swarms.


Like numerous various other doves, business bird feed is a favored component of the Eurasian collared dove’s diet. Theyeat largely grains in the wild, and they have actually adjusted quickly to consuming from bird feeders.

These doves additionally have a tendency to live near farming locations, indulging off the grain that is splashed or left in the areas. They will certainly eat wild grains, berries and also little insects.

These doves can eat a big quantity of food and shop it in their plant. That indicates they are cost-free to rest on a high perch and prevent predators while they take their time absorbing what they have actually taken in.

Eurasian Collared Dove Reproduction

These doves get to sex-related maturation around the very first springtime after they end up being independent. The precise age of the birds back then can differ, due to the fact that the Eurasian collared dove has several broods throughout the year.

The doves are virginal and companion forever. Each of their broods is normally simply 1 to 2 eggs, however they can have 3 to 6 broods every year. Both the male and the female take transforms supervising the nest and nurturing the eggs. Incubation takes around 14 to 19 days.

Although the Eurasian collared doves listen moms and dads, their nests are not well created. They are a basic heap of branches, a minimum of 10 feet off the ground, occasionally in trees or on man-made frameworks. Eggs and hatchlings typically drop from the nests. This might be one factor the birds have a lot of broods every year.

After hatchlings arise, the moms and dads feed them with a white liquid they create in their plants. This liquid is called plant milk. Within one more 18 days, the children, referred to as either squabs or chicks, prepare to fledge. They are totally independent regarding 30 to 40 days after hatching out, at which time they have a tendency to spread much from the nest and start the cycle once again.


The best predacious dangers to Eurasian collared doves are owls, hawks and residential cats. These doves prey on grains and are most likely to be discovered around bird feeders produced by human beings. They are most vulnerable when they involve the ground to feed.

Crows have actually been understood to take eggs from the doves’ nests. Serpents would certainly additionally be most likely predators if the eggs were left neglected as well long.

Eurasian collared doves have a couple of benefits that would certainly assist them to either prevent predators or test them. Initially, both of doves mate forever and collaborate to breed eggs. This indicates they are hardly ever neglected. The birds are additionally extremely hostile and territorial, and will certainly safeguard their young also versus a lot bigger birds like crows. Lastly, the grown-up doves can prevent direct exposure for extended periods because of their reliable feeding routines, hence minimizing the threat of being assaulted.

Life Expectancy of the Eurasian Collared Dove

The lengthiest taped life-span of a Eurasian collared dove in the wild is 17 years, 8 months. This sampling, a grouped bird in Europe, was discovered dead. The lengthiest living restricted sampling lived around the very same quantity of time, 17 years, 9 months. The typical life expectancy is much shorter, with reasonably few of these birds making it previous regarding 5 or 6 years old.

Problems over the spread of Eurasian Collared Doves

Among the primary worries relating to the spread of these doves is that they might use up environment and sources from indigenous birds. Their hostile nature provides a benefit at feeders, and their desire to deal with can drive songbirds and also various other doves away

Eurasian collared doves are provided as a species of least concern on the IUCN Red Checklist. Their population is approximated at approximately 75 million fully grown birds, and approximately 100 million total. The population is reasonably secure in Europe, however is boosting at a fast rate in various other components of the globe, consisting of throughout the USA.

An additional issue is condition. Eurasian collared doves were just recently identified as providers of West Nile Infection, an illness that can be harmful to human beings.

They are additionally understood to bring a bloodsucker called Trichomonas gallinae, a protozoan that triggers sores in the mouth and occasionally the mind and liver of a contaminated bird. The resulting condition, trichomonosis, can create a bird to drop weight and at some point pass away. Cleanliness of bird feeders and water resources is needed to assist quit the spread of the condition.

Due To The Fact That Eurasian collared doves are not a secured species, they can be pursued based on regional regulations. Bonus treatment need to be taken, however, to stop shooting similar looking indigenous birds which might be secured species.

Similar Animals

  • Barbary dove – This dove, Streptopelia risoria, additionally referred to as the ringneck dove, come from north Africa.
  • European turtle dove – This collared dove from Europe, Streptopelia turtur, was called for its telephone call, except turtles.
  • Mourning dove – This North American dove, Zenaida macroura, is similar in dimension and shade to the Eurasian collared dove, however does not have a collar.


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  6. JSTOR / Journal of Field Ornithology Vol. 64, No. 4 / R. Hengeveld, Available here:
  7. Euring, Available here:
  8. MSD Manual / Richard W. Gerhold, Jr., Available here:

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