Elephant Shrew

Elephant Shrew Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Elephant Shrew Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Black, White, Tan
2 – 5 years
Top speed
8 mph
50g – 500g (2oz – 18oz)
Elephant Shrew Distribition

You would absolutely never ever before assume it by having a look at them, nonetheless elephant shrews are far more very carefully relating to elephants than shrews.

Elephant shrews are small, unshaven animals that resemble massive computer system mice or gerbils. Regardless of their name, they are not truly shrews, and additionally despite their appearance, they are not rats either. Elephant shrews are most very carefully relating to moles and additionally tenrecs.

Elephant Shrew Facts

  • Elephant shrews can jump 3 feet right into the air, giving the tag ‘jumping shrew.’
  • They are comprehended to succeed in the Namib Desert, which is simply among the driest locations on earth.
  • Elephant shrews are simply uncovered in Africa.
  • Female elephant shrews menstruate in a similar means to human females.
  • Elephant shrews can come up to 4 years and additionally prepare to replicate at 6 weeks old.

Elephant Shrew Scientific Name

There are about 20 different species of these shrews, nonetheless they all originate from the family Macroscelididae The name is stemmed from the Greek words “macro,” recommending “long,” and additionally “skelidos,” recommending “legs.” All elephant shrews have long and additionally reliable legs concerning the small measurement of their bodies, so this is an appropriate name.

Elephant shrews can originate from each of the following classification:.

  • Elephantulus, recommending” elephant- like”
  • Macroscelides, recommending” extensive legs”
  • Petrodromus, recommending” rock jogger,” from the Greek words “petra,” recommending “rock,” and additionally “dromas,” recommending “to run”
  • Petrosaltator, recommending” rock receptacle,” from the Greek word “petra” and additionally the Latin word “saltare,” recommending “to jump or leap”
  • Rhynchocyon, recommending” dog nose,” from the Greek words “rhyncho,” recommending “nose,” and additionally “cyon,” recommending “dog”

Numerous various other typical non-scientific names for this type of animal are “jumping shrew” and additionally “sengi.” They are described as the elephant shrew most often as a result of their extensive nose.

Elephant Shrew Appearance and additionally Activities

These shrews are instead small and additionally frequently simply increase to be 4 to twelve inches in dimension, not counting their tails. An elephant shrew’s tail can develop to 9 inches in dimension. The most significant species of this shrew can examine roughly one and additionally a half added pounds, nonetheless lots of species examine a lot less than an additional pound. To position this in point of view, this indicates that the normal elephant shrew assesses considering high as a huge container of soup.

Overall, these shrews have brief, limited, and additionally glossy hair equivalent to rats like computer system mice, and additionally their tinting often depends on the species. They can showing off task black, grey, brown, white, tan, or gold hair, and additionally specific species have a checkered layer with a number of tones.

They have half-cracked tails, reliable back legs, extensive feet, and additionally long, slim noes that are equivalent enough to an elephant’s trunk to supply their colloquial name. Their extensive, versatile noes, along with their large eyes and additionally ears, allow them to look for insects and additionally trippredators

Their extensive back legs allow them to increase to 3 feet air-borne, in a similar means to rabbits, and additionally this is where the tag “jumping shrew” stems from.

These shrews are exceptionally energised and additionally considered diurnal, which indicates they remainder at night and additionally are awake throughout the day.

Elephant Shrew Setting

These shrews originate from an one-of-a-kind group of animals described as Afrotheria, which indicates that they are of African start. They can be seen in zoos, nonetheless they simply stay in shrubs of Africa.

Especially, they can be uncovered in the rock deserts, savannas, and additionally completely dry steppes of the continent. In fact, they are comprehended to succeed in the Namib Desert, which is well- recognized for being amongst the driest locations on earth. They can in addition be uncovered in the unique timberlands of East Africa additionally.

Elephant Shrew Diet

These animals are greatly insectivores, nonetheless they could in addition eat dropped leaves, fruits, and additionally seeds. Ants, termites, worms, spiders, vermins, and additionally millipedes are their diet of option.

They use their proboscis- like noses together with their paws to get rid of small training courses on the ground in order to lure insects close. They have superior discovers of sight, hearing, and additionally smell, and additionally this aids them to both search for food and additionally trippredators

These shrews have long, slim tongues like an anteater, and additionally this aids them to look and additionally eat insects far more comfortably.

Elephant Shrew Predators and additionally Dangers

Because of The Truth That they are so small, these shrews take care of a range of predators, including snakes, reptiles, and additionally variouspredators While it’s in addition genuine that any kind of type of meat- consuming or omnivorous type of animal would absolutely prey upon the little elephant shrew, the fact is that they are evasive.

These shrews are well- gotten used to their settings. Not simply are they masterfully hid by their coloring, nonetheless they are in addition truly fast and additionally energetic. A great deal of elephant shrews can include in 18 miles per human resources and additionally leap 3 feet right into the air.

Higher than predators, the biggest threat to the shrew stems from the loss of setting. Logging and additionally the setting fragmentation that consists of farming and additionally logging both have had a harmful impact on the elephant shrew people.

They are offered as “not extinct,” nonetheless their conservation status is usually assumed aboutendangered Both species of these shrews that are considered among one of the most endangered are the grey- handled sengi, which was simply discovered in 2005, and additionally the gold- rumped elephant shrew, which is officially offered asendangered.

Elephant Shrew Leisure, Kid, and additionally Life span

These animals have rather quick life span, so they reach sex- associated growth at a really early age. A great deal of elephant shrews live simply 2 years in the wild and additionally roughly 4 years in chains.

One unusual characteristic of these shrews is that the females have menstrual cycles that are truly equivalent to those of human females. A great deal of animals are simply sexually practical throughout specific times of the year, so normal menstruation indicates that they have the capability to birth a number of garbages yearly. An extra uncommon characteristic is that elephant shrews mate permanently, and additionally these sets really guard their location.

Maternity differs from 45 to 60 days, and additionally an usual healthy and balanced and well balanced mess consists of no more than 3 youngsters. It dominates for female shrews to give birth to simply one or 2 youngsters at the same time.

Kids are dissuaded from their mothers within a week of birth, and additionally they prepare to uncover their settings and additionally relocate much from the nest by day 15. After relating to 45 days, the young elephant shrews will absolutely wind up being sexually energised and additionally establish their really own nests much from their mother and fathers.


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals

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