Eiders are sexually dimorphic, with males being larger and more colorful.
Eider Scientific Classification
Scientific name
S. mollissima, S. fischeri, S. spectabilis
Eider Physical Characteristics
Grey, Yellow, Red, Blue, Black, White, Green
9 years
Top speed
40 mph
1 to 6 pounds
Eider Distribition

The eider ( Somateria) is a genus of big seaducks in the chilly north hemisphere, living in the Arctic expanse and Below- Arctic coasts. These speedy fliers can get to remarkable rates as they dive under the water’s surface area, taking mollusks and various other aquatic animals and plants. Discover all the interesting realities concerning eiders, consisting of where they live, what they eat, and exactly how they act.

5 Remarkable Eider Truths

  • They utilize their popular eiderdown to create and line their nests.
  • They can fly as much as 40 miles per hour!
  • Eiders are sexually dimorphic, with males being bigger and much more vivid.
  • They can dive undersea as deep as 180 feet however choose to forage in shallower waters.
  • 2 of 3 eider species are near threatened because of a number of dangers, consisting of environment moving from environment adjustment.

Where to Locate the Eider

Eiders stay in The United States and Canada, Europe, and Asia in over 30 nations, consisting of Canada, the USA, Russia, Norway, and the UK. They reproduce along Arctic coasts and winter months in Below- Arctic and warm areas. King eiders survive Arctic expanse and aquatic locations, while typical eiders live in reduced- existing seaside islands near rough shores. And spectacled eiders stay in damp expanse environments. Try to find them near water as they dive for mollusks and various other sea animals.

Eider Nest

They nest on the ground with bordering plants like moss, lawn, and reduced hedges. They either create a mug made from down or line a scrape with down and plant product.

Scientific Name

The eider (Somateria) comes from the Anseriformes order in the Anatidae family, which includes water birds, such as ducks, geese, and swans. The Somateria genus consists of the eiders and is Old Greek for “body” and “woollen,” describing its eiderdown. There are 3 eider species: typical, king, and spectacled eider.

Dimension, Appearance & Habits

Common Eider
Eiders are a genus of 3 different ducks. This is the typical eider. Others are king and spectacled eider.Erni/Shutterstock. com

Eiders are big seaducks, gauging 20 to 28 inches long and considering one to 6 extra pounds, with a 31 to 42- inch wingspan. They are sexually dimorphic, with males a little bigger and much more vivid. Their tinting differs by species. Usual eider males are black and white with eco-friendly necks, and females are brownish. King eiders have black and white bodies with blue- grey heads, yellow temples, and red expenses.

Eiders are normally social birds, creating virginal bonds throughout reproducing and foraging, and moving with big groups. These ducks are speedy, nimble fliers, rising to 40 miles per hour! They are additionally exceptional swimmers and scuba divers, investing their lives around coasts. Males generate enjoyable cooing phone calls, and females’ articulations are much more fast- like. They can be instead loud when gathered with each other.

Movement Patterns and Timing

Populaces in southerly areas are normally inactive in their array, however those in north locations might take a trip fars away to much more warm areas. They reproduce along Arctic coasts and winter seasons in Below- Arctic aquatic locations.


Eiders are either meat-eating or omnivorous and feed alone or in groups.

What Does the Eider Eat?

Their diet contains mussels, clams, scallops, starfish, crabs, sea urchins, little plants, and insects. The king eider consumes mollusks mostly, however females will certainly take in plant issue and insects throughout nesting. They forage by diving undersea to capture aquatic animals, in some cases in deep water however normally in superficial locations. They feed alone or in big groups, diving all at once.

Predators, Risks, and Conservation Status

The IUCN provides the king eider as LC or “least concern.” Because of its considerable array and big population, this species does not satisfy the “intimidated” standing limits. The spectacled and typical eiders are detailed as NT or “near threatened.” Both species have decreasing populaces, and their most substantial dangers consist of moving environments from environment adjustment, searching, capturing, contamination, oil spills, and predation.

What Consumes the Eider?

Eider predators consist of Arctic foxes, otters, gulls, ravens, crows, minks, and skuas. Their young are most in jeopardy of predation, and moms and dads will very protect their nests. They are normally effective in escaping bird predators, however animal trespassers, particularly Arctic foxes, position an even more hazardous hazard.

Reproduction, Youthful, and Molting

Eiders do not normally mate forever however might continue to be virginal throughout one reproducing period. And numerous males might date one female by generating reduced cooing phone calls and overstated activities. Females lay 2 to 7 eggs and breed them for 22 to 24 days. The young can fledge the nest soon after hatching out (typical eiders), however some, like the spectacled eider, might leave about 7 weeks. Eiders come to be sexually fully grown around 2 years and can live approximately 9 years.


The international eider population is unidentified, however the spectacled eider alone makes up 250,000 fully grown people. Nonetheless, all 3 eider species are decreasing reasonably quickly in their varieties.


  1. IUCN Red List, Available here: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22680405/132525971
  2. IUCN Red List, Available here: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22680409/132526730
  3. IUCN Red List, Available here: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22680412/180227232
  4. Delta Waterfowl, Available here: https://deltawaterfowl.org/helping-eiders/

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