Eastern Hognose Snake

Eastern hognose snakes are venomous, but only to frogs and toads.
Eastern Hognose Snake Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Heterodon platirhinos
Eastern Hognose Snake Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Yellow, Red, Black, Tan, Green, Dark Brown, Cream
12-18 years
Eastern Hognose Snake Distribition

Eastern hognose snakes eat toads and frogs and are unsusceptible to the skin toxic substances toads secrete.

The eastern hognose is a little, slightly poisonous snake belonging to southerly Ontario, Canada, and the eastern USA. Its risk display screens are shenanigans that every person ought to witness a minimum of when in their life.

Unbelievable Eastern Hognose Realities

  • Their protective display screens consist of surrendering, which seeks acting to be a cobra, hissing, and excreting on you.
  • Their nose has an upturned range that assists them tunnel with the sand.
  • The eastern hognose is one of the most prevalent hognose species.

Eastern Hognose Scientific Name and Classification

Hognose snakes are participants of the large Colubridae family of snakes. This family has every little thing from nonvenomous king snakes and indigo snakes to extremely poisonous twig snakes and boomslang.

The eastern hognose snake’s scientific name is Heterodon platirhinos Heterodon is Greek and suggests “various tooth;” it describes uncommonly big teeth in the rear of their mouths that they utilize to decrease toads for less complicated ingesting. “ Platirhinos” suggests level nose and describes the upturned range at the end of their nose.

Eastern hognose snakes are frequently called dramatization queen, dramatization noodle, hiss adder, false cobra, spreading out adder, impact viper, hissing sand snake, and a selection of various other detailed names. They all describe some facet of their really cutting-edge protective habits.

There are 4 species of hognose snakes in the Heterodon genus. They consist of the Eastern hognose snake ( H. platirhinos), Western or Plains hognose snake (H. nasicus), Mexican hognose snake ( H. kennerlyi), Southern hognose snake ( H. simus)

Eastern Hognose Appearance

Their shades and patterns are extremely variable. In one location, eastern hognoses can be almost black; in others, they might be tan with brownish and dark brownish spots anywhere. Eastern hognose snakes have a base shade of red, tan, brownish, or grey, superimposed with darker spots and keeled ranges. Their stomach is generally strong grey, yellow, or lotion- tinted.

These snakes are little and frequently do not surpass 28 inches in complete size; nonetheless, the lengthiest taped eastern hognose snake was 46 inches. The females are generally bigger than the males.

This species has a lovable expression that’s developed by their squashed, upturned nose and tool- sized eyes. 2 bars generally prolong throughout the top of their head, and they have angled red stripes that begin behind their eyes. They have dark eyes, their head isn’t very easy to differentiate from their neck, and their tail markings end up being rings or bands towards completion.

Eastern hognose snake
Hognose snakes are understood for their severe protective techniques.

iStock.com/ Rex Lisman

Eastern Hognose Habits

These reluctant snakes prevail yet seldom seen. They invest a lot of their time in fallen leave stacks or loosened dirt, rooting around for toads.

Eastern hognose snakes aren’t huge or challenging, so they do their ideal with what they have. This snake is understood for its extremely computer animated and very amusing protective display screen. The majority of its typical names are straight connected to some facet of it. When endangered, it starts by expanding its neck in a simulated- cobra effort and strikes at the risk with its mouth shut. Type of like a high- rate head butt. This snake will certainly never ever see a cobra and does not live anywhere near them; nonetheless, this is an effort to look larger and much more unsafe to a killer.

If the cobra act does not function, after that it takes the activity to the following degree. The snake after that twists about with its tongue hanging around, up until it pulls up, stomach up. Throughout this entire challenge, it frequently excretes on itself. If you choose it up and transform it over, so the stomach is down, the eastern hognose will certainly frequently transform itself right back over once again. It will certainly remain to do this for numerous mins up until after the risk is gone. A couple of have actually maintained the substitute as lengthy as 45 mins.

Eastern Hognose Environment and Diet

Eastern hognose snakes have one of the most substantial series of any kind of hognose species. It covers a lot of the eastern USA and the much southerly little Ontario, Canada.

These snakes have a tendency to favor sandy ache woodlands, old areas, and woodland sides. They specifically like completely dry locations with loosened dirt that they can tunnel right into. This snake makes use of those for nesting and laying its eggs. In the much north reaches of their array, they favor created areas and combined woodlands. A Canadian research study showed that the typical residence series of an Eastern hognose snake has to do with 98 acres (40 hectares).

This species focuses on consuming toads and often frogs. Restricted- reproduced people can generally be educated to take pinky mice. Nonetheless, little rodents aren’t normally component of their diet, so wild- captured people frequently pass away in bondage due to the fact that caretakers can not fulfill the nutritional requirements of the snake.

Eastern Hognose Predators, Hazards, Preservation, and Populace

These little snakes have a variety of predators– foxes, hawks, bigger snakes, and much more.

According to the IUCN Redlist of Threatened Species, eastern hognose snakes are categorized as a species ofLeast Concern They prevail and relatively typical throughout a lot of its array. Nonetheless, in Ontario, Canada and northeastern united state states such as Connecticut, New Hampshire, New York City, and Rhode Island it’s under raising stress and is safeguarded in those locations.

Nobody is entirely particular regarding the factor for their populace decrease. Nonetheless, environment loss and fragmentation, roadway death, and willful murder appear to be the main reasons.

Eastern Hognose Poison

For years, these snakes were thought about nonvenomous due to the fact that they’re not unsafe to individuals. Nonetheless, hognose snakes do have a moderate, amphibian- particular poison that they utilize to restrain the toads they eat. Their bigger back teeth infuse poison that’s kept in the snake’s Duvernoy’s gland. Individuals that have actually been attacked have actually discovered neighborhood swelling if they were sensitive, yet there have not been any kind of fatalities taped as a result of this species.

Eastern Hognose Reproduction, Children, and Life Expectancy

Eastern hognose snakes usually measure up to 12 years in the wild, yet they can live to around 18 if they’re well- looked after in bondage. This species types when snakes appear of brumation in March or April. The females lay 8- 40 eggs that nurture for around 60 days. Some females have actually been seen bypassing fantastic nesting locations for a public nest. They do not nurture their eggs; and the infants determine regarding 5- 12 inches long and get on their very own from the minute they hatch out.


  1. Hammerson, G.A. 2007. Heterodon platirhinos. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2007: e.T63820A12718733. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2007.RLTS.T63820A12718733.en., Available here: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/63820/12718733
  2. Robson, Laura Elizabeth, The spatial ecology of Eastern Hognose Snakes (Heterodon platirhinos): habitat selection, home range size, and the effect of roads on movement patterns., Available here: https://www.proquest.com/docview/1355765570
  3. Young, Robert A., Effects of Duvernoy’s gland secretions from the eastern hognose snake, Heterodon platirhinos, on smooth muscle and neuromuscular junction, Available here: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/004101019290013U?via%3Dihub
  4. Heterodon platirhinos | Reptarium Reptile Database, Available here: https://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Heterodon&species=platirhinos

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