Both male and female dunnocks can have multiple mates every breeding season
Dunnock Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Prunella modularis
Dunnock Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Black
25-44 million mature individuals
Up to 11 years old
19-24g (0.6-0.9oz)
Dunnock Distribition

The dunnock is just one of minority birds in which the female preserves its very own region.

The dunnock is a tiny songbird that stemmed from Europe. It passes numerous names, consisting of bush sparrow and bush accentor. Nonetheless, it is not actually a sparrow whatsoever, however instead a kind of accentor. The recognition in between them can be a little challenging therefore similar looks. One of the most intriguing feature of them is that their breeding system runs the range in between completely virginal and completely polygamous, depending upon the conditions. If you intend to bring in a dunnock to your yard, after that you must supply them with a basic sanctuary and tidy water. They do not utilize nest boxes significantly.

3 Dunnock Incredible Truths

  • The English name dunnock originates from a mix of dun, suggesting brownish, and the petite ock. A small represents smallness.
  • If a female has actually currently mated with several companions, after that the male dunnock has the capacity to eliminate the sperm from her last companion. This advertises their very own sperm at the expenditure of others.
  • Male dunnocks will certainly occasionally spend time right into increasing juveniles that are not his very own if he has actually formerly mated with the mommy.

Where to Locate the Dunnock

The dunnock can be located in hedges, hedges, and blended woodlands (sometimes also seaside high cliffs and dunes also) throughout the majority of Europe and western Asia. They were likewise presented to New Zealand in the 19th century and have actually because flourished there. The dunnock is just one of minority accentors that lives beyond hill environments.

Dunnock Nests

The dunnock’s nest is created from branches and moss and afterwards lined with woollen, plumes, and various other soft product. The nest is normally located in a shrub or conifer tree.

Dunnock Scientific Name

The scientific name of the dunnock is Prunella modularis. Prunella originates from the petite type of the Latin word brunus or prunus, suggesting brownish. Modularis is a Latin word that suggests regulating or vocal singing. The dunnock’s closest living family members consist of the brownish accentor, Japanese accentor, robin accentor, and a number of various other species within the very same genus. 8 subspecies of the dunnock are presently acknowledged. Although a couple of taxonomists have actually recommended that a few of these might be made their very own different species, in the meantime they are thought about subspecies of the dunnock.

Dunnock Dimension, Appearance, and Actions

The dunnock is a tiny robin- sized bird with a plump, rounded body and slim, sharp beak. It determines 5 to 6 inches from head to tail with a wingspan of around 8 inches long. The bust and face are noted by blue grey quill, whereas the wings and tail have brownish quill with dark black touches in them. Males and females look similar per various other, which can make recognition tough, however juveniles often tend to have much less grey than the grownups.

The dunnock is primarily a silent, reluctant bird that searches for food near shrubs, yards, and hedges with its unique evasion stride. When 2 competing males run into each various other, they come down right into a computer animated flurry of wing flicking and loud phone calls. The bird tune, which is created by the males in the reproducing period, appears like a rough, squealing warble noise. Uncommon amongst birds, both male and female dunnocks develop and protect their very own different regions.

Dunnock Movement and Timing

The dunnock is primarily an inactive species that stays in the very same location all the time, however in the chilliest component of its variety, it will certainly take a trip brief ranges to leave the winter season climate.

Dunnock Diet

The dunnock is an omnivorous bird. It can commonly be seen sweeping around a shrub, eating the ground looking for food.

What does the dunnock eat?

The dunnock primarily eats insects, worms, and spiders. It will certainly likewise supplement this with little seeds in the winter season.

Dunnock Predators, Dangers, and Conservation Status

According to the IUCN Redlist, the dunnock is a species of least concern; populaces seem durable and prevalent. Yet it still deals with a couple of obstacles in the wild. The loss of brush and hedges has actually made it tough for some populaces to endure. They are likewise preyed on by cuckoos that lay their eggs in the dunnock’s nest and method the moms and dads right into increasing its children at the expenditure of the dunnock chicks.

What consumes the dunnock?

The dunnock is preyed upon by cats, sparrowhawks, and various other predators. They can chase after the killer away by swarming it.

Dunnock Reproduction, Youthful, and Molting

Dunnocks have very flexible reproductive techniques that depend upon food thickness and the proportion of males to females. When food is especially plentiful, the females will certainly decrease their territorial dimension, enabling males to a lot more conveniently take over accessibility to companions. In this circumstance, a solitary male (or perhaps 2 joint males) will certainly have unique breeding accessibility to a number of females. When food is limited, nonetheless, females will considerably boost their territorial dimension, which can bring about the contrary circumstance: a solitary female taking over reproductive accessibility to a number of males.

The dunnock reproducing period normally happens in the springtime with a common display screen in which the birds jump about, flick their wings, and make a repetition tune. After picking a companion, both can copulate one or two times a hr throughout the whole 10- day breeding duration. The female will certainly generate 3 to 6 blue- tinted eggs.

After an incubation duration lasting virtually 2 weeks, the chicks are birthed nude and defenseless. Both males and females, occasionally set up in participating teams, take turns feeding and looking after the young. The juveniles will certainly fledge a simple 11 or 12 days later on, and fully grown dunnocks can generate as much as 3 broods per breeding period. As a result of predation and condition, their typical life-span of 2 years is extremely brief. A number of these birds will just have a couple of opportunities to reproduce prior to they pass away. The document for the lengthiest- living dunnock had to do with 11 years and 3 months.

Dunnock Populace

The dunnock has actually an approximated populace dimension of 25 million to 44 million people, however there is a great deal of unpredictability that makes it tough to develop a much more exact populace matter. However, populace numbers do seem decreasing in some locations.


  1. , Available here: https://www.britannica.com/animal/dunnock
  2. , Available here: https://www.discoverwildlife.com/animal-facts/birds/facts-about-dunnocks/
  3. , Available here: https://www.wildlifetrusts.org/wildlife-explorer/birds/larks-sparrows-wagtails-and-dunnock/dunnock
  4. , Available here: https://www.rspb.org.uk/birds-and-wildlife/wildlife-guides/birdwatching/how-to-identify-birds/so-you-think-you-know-your-sparrows/

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