Dugong Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Dugong Dugon
Dugong Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey
50 – 70 years
Top speed
13 mph
150kg – 400kg (330lbs – 880lbs)
Dugong Distribition

The dugong is among minority vegetarian aquatic animals still staying worldwide.

This species is an acquainted view to any kind of citizens or vacationers that go to the seaside waters of the globe’s exotic areas. It relocates via the water with a slow-moving, weak rate as well as chew out the yard under of the sea flooring to endure. Its vegetarian way of life as well as modest character have actually gained it the label of the sea cow or the sea pig. Though not yet endangered, the dugong might be vulnerable to human task as well as seaside advancement.

5 Extraordinary Dugong Realities

  • It is thought that dugongs as well as the carefully associated manatees were in some cases incorrect for the epic Greek mythical numbers, the alarms, by some European seafarers taking a trip much from house. This is the reason that their order was provided the name Sirenia. They might have been misinterpreted for mermaids also.
  • The dugong is an animal that has actually been an integral part of some aquatic societies for hundreds of years. A 5,000- year- old cavern paint that illustrates a dugong was uncovered in Malaysia.
  • Dugongs have actually come to be essential vacationer destinations. Their passive as well as mild nature permits swimmers to observe them carefully in the wild.
  • Because of their details nutritional needs, dugongs are practically never ever maintained in bondage by human beings.
  • Dugongs might just deliver once every 3 to 7 years.

Dugong Scientific Name

The scientific name of the dugong is just Dugong dugon This name most likely originates from the regional Visayan word for the species, which was later on grabbed by Europeans. Visayan is talked in what is currently the modern-day- day Philippines. The dugong is among 4 living participants of the order Sirenia– the others being 3 species of manatees — as well as the just living family member Dugongidae. A 2nd family member, Steller’s sea cow, was driven to termination in the 18th century because of over- searching. Nineteen complete category from the family are recognized from the fossil document.

In spite of the huge physical distinctions, the sea cow is most carefully pertaining to modern-day- day elephants. Both teams most likely split from each various other greater than 50 million years earlier. The earliest Sirenians were most likely 4- legged aquatic animals that might relocate quickly in between the land as well as water. They might have had to do with the dimension of a hippopotamus, eating the plant issue discovered in superficial waters.

Dugong Appearance as well as Habits

Dugongs are huge, extended animals with a down- transformed nose as well as thick brownish or grey skin. The technological term for the physique is fusiform. This suggests their bodies are formed like a pin that is tapered at the ends. Dugongs can gauge anywhere in between 8 as well as 10 feet in size as well as approximately 1,100 extra pounds in weight. Their tremendous weight is owed to the thick layers of fat bordering their bodies to easily shield them when the water transforms chilly. They are powered via the water by relocating their dolphin- like fluked tails backwards and forwards, while their paddle- like front fins assist them guide as well as steer. They do not have both hind arm or legs as well as a dorsal fin.

In spite of their marine nature, dugongs share the very same characteristics as various other earthbound animals in mostly all features, consisting of the framework of the skeletal system as well as the existence of mammary glands straight under the fins. Aside from the normal sex-related features, there is little distinction in between male as well as female dugongs. Both sexes have lengthy tusks predicting from their incisor teeth. Their ears, which do not have any kind of exterior flap, lie on the sides on the head.

Among the dugong’s largest weak points is its inadequate vision, however this is offseted with its sharp hearing as well as olfactory detects. The key ways of interaction with various other dugongs consist of chirps, whistles, as well as barks. Each noise appears to have a particular function in communicating aggressiveness or love to various other participants of the species. They additionally have bristles throughout their bodies as well as around the face to assist them forage for food at the end of the sea bed.

In spite of the solid adjustments for their aquatic environments, dugongs can just remain undersea for around 6 mins each time prior to they require to go back to the surface area for breath. They will certainly in some cases take a breath by jabbing their head over the water while depending on the sea base with their tails. Shutoffs in their nostrils will certainly shut throughout dives to avoid water from going into.

Dugongs are thought about to be social animals that choose the firm of others, as well as yet they have actually no established social team. They usually take a trip alone or in sets however will certainly additionally collect right into massive herds of hundreds each time. Due to the fact that the environment can not sustain huge teams for long, these herds will certainly develop rapidly and afterwards dissipate. They are nomadic animals that might take a trip tremendous girths their all-natural environment searching for food as well as sources. Nonetheless, several various other elements of the dugong’s actions continue to be a secret.

Dugong Environment

The dugong lives in the neighboring cozy seaside areas of the Pacific as well as Indian Oceans. Its array is huge however additionally fragmented. This consists of the eastern shore of Africa, Madagascar, the Persian Gulf, the shores of India as well as Sri Lanka, as well as the Pacific area around Southeast Asia as well as Australia. It is additionally thought that they may have when populated the Mediterranean Sea several hundreds of years earlier.

Dugongs are usually discovered in bays, mangroves, tidewaters, as well as various other superficial water around continents as well as islands. They choose to forage in the water around 30 feet deep, however they can dive to greater than 120 feet for brief time periods searching for food. Some populaces have actually additionally been recognized to constant coral reefs or much deeper waters for security, in spite of the absence of food in these locations.

Dugong Diet

Dugongs have actually adjusted a vegetarian way of life that mainly focuses on the intake of seagrass. They have the choice to either feed ostensibly on the fallen leaves or effort to collect the whole plant by the origin. Much less frequently, they will certainly take in algae when seagrass can not be discovered. Some populaces will certainly turn to consuming invertebrates such as shellfish, sea squirts, worms, as well as jellyfish, specifically those concealing along the seagrass.

Dugongs drift throughout all-time low of the water to look for turfs with their bristled noes. Their muscle lips assist them gobble huge amounts of food each time. Their feeding actions really leaves huge furrows on the sea bed that can be seen from the surface area. Dugongs are energetic foragers throughout both night and day hrs. They require to take in huge amounts of food each day to endure.

Dugong Predators as well as Hazards

Because of their accommodating nature as well as family member absence of defenses, a solitary dugong can make an alluring target for a variety of starvingpredators Their one real protection is their tremendous dimension, which permits them to ward off just about the biggest animals such as sharks, crocodiles, as well as awesome whales that patrol the shores. The young calf bones are most vulnerable to predation given that they are practically totally helpless in their very first couple of years of life. Lots of dugongs additionally pass away from illness as well as bloodsuckers in great deals. This is maybe the biggest danger to their survival besides human task.

People have actually generally pursued dugongs for hundreds of years because of the worth of their oil, skin, as well as meat. Dugongs have actually usually flourished even with this human predation. However with the surge of industrialized searching in the 18th century, the species was positioned under raising pressure. The species is currently far better shielded from wanton searching by worldwide regulations, however it still deals with a number of various other dangers.

Environment loss from seaside advancement as well as water contamination is a relentless issue. Oil spills, chemical drainages, as well as radiation make some components of the seaside area unliveable. Dugongs might additionally come to be knotted in webs or enter into a mishap with aquatic vessels. Undersea sound might interrupt the dugong’s all-natural actions or trigger distress. Lastly, environment adjustment might change the animal’s environment to the factor of irreparable damages.

Dugong Recreation, Infants, as well as Life-span

Unlike several various other species, dugongs do not have a collection breeding period. Rather, they can mate throughout the year, whenever a possibility occurs. After dugongs gather in a location, the males participate in affordable as well as hostile mating screens to draw in females. The breeding itself can in some cases transform terrible as well as leave irreversible marks on the female’s body.

After mating, the female will certainly take a complete year to lug the young to term. Because of the much longer advancement durations, she might just deliver once every 3 to 7 years. Doubles are reasonably uncommon. The young dugong is birthed undersea as well as should rapidly make its method to the surface area to take a breath. The youngster will certainly remain to registered nurse with its mom for the following 18 months or two, in some cases riding on its mom’s back. The young calf bone will certainly develop a close bond with its mom, that takes single obligation for nurturing as well as treatment. She will certainly show the calf bone just how to feed upon yard, interact, as well as endure in the wild. The calf bone will certainly look for relief as well as defense behind the mom when a killer remains in the location.

Both sexes display rather a great deal of irregularity with the age of sex-related maturation. Dugongs can come to be sexually energetic as quickly as 6 years old, however it can be postponed by several years also, maybe because of the absence of sufficient food supply in the location. After they do accomplish sex-related maturation, they will certainly leave their mom as well as start to seek friends. Dugongs have an impressive lifetime of approximately 70 years in the wild. The age can be approximated by counting the development layers on the dugong’s tusks.

Dugong Populace

The International Union for the Preservation of Nature (IUCN) Red Listing presently details the dugong as vulnerable to termination. In spite of a lot of lawful defense, populace numbers seem reducing throughout the globe. Because of their details nutritional demands as well as slow-moving recreation times, dugongs might be especially vulnerable to populace exhaustion.

To preserve or boost populace numbers, regional individuals as well as federal governments will certainly require to safeguard the seaside environment, decrease occurrences of vessel strikes as well as internet complexities, as well as execute even more lasting searching techniques. Dugong searching still stays a crucial social method to some societies around the area. Nonetheless, some Australian states have actually developed safeguarded parks for dugongs that no person can quest in.


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  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals

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