Common Loon

Common Loon Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Gavia Immer
Common Loon Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Black, White
15 – 25 years
3kg – 5kg (6.6lbs – 11lbs)
Common Loon Distribition

” An undersea searching specialist”

Though unpleasant ashore, the common loon bird is a stylish seeker on the water. This mainly cold-weather waterfowl finds out to dive prior to it finds out to fly, as well as will certainly return to the exact same nest with the exact same companion annually for virtually a years. The bird has actually located its means right into a variety of indigenous North Americans’ tales, in addition to being the face of the Canadian one-dollar coin. Though contamination removed common crazies in much of eastern The United States and Canada, this chicken grows in Canada, especially. Though the name “loon” originates from its silly stroll, it’s most likely explained much better by its various other English name: “Great Northern Scuba Diver.”

Extraordinary common loon realities!

  • Deep scuba diver: The common loon is a bird that can dive as long as 200 feet undersea to capture fish!
  • Currently well-known: Canada’s one-dollar coin, called the “loonie,” includes the common loon!
  • Frequent-flyer: The common loon can fly for numerous kilometers when moving!
  • Loud as well as honored: Loon seems consist of an unique “yodel” when it is asserting region!

Common loon scientific name

The scientific name for the common loon, likewise referred to as “Great Northern Scuba Diver,” is gavia immer Gavia originates from the latin term for seabird, as well as immer can be from the Norwegian word for “ash” (for its appearance) or the latin words immergo or immersus, suggesting “immersed” or “diving.”

Common loon appearance as well as actions

The loon appears like lots of various other ducks, other than its costs is a lot more sharp, like a songbird. Its plumes are mainly black, with a practically grid-like pattern of white areas throughout its wings as well as throat as well as a white underbelly.

Common loon audios are popular to individuals that live near their environments. These consist of an unique yodel, a howling noise as well as a hooting sound. The common loon telephone call is made use of to locate a friend or state a nesting website.

The feet on the common loon

The feet of a common loon are established better back on its body than various other water birds. This makes them outstanding swimmers as well as scuba divers. Nevertheless, it looks unpleasant whenever it strolls ashore. That silly-looking stroll is thought to be why it gained the name “loon.” Its special feet likewise make it land various from various other ducks. While many ducks arrive at water by skimming their feet, common crazies need to skim on their stomach.

Common loon environment

Common crazies are birds that like chillier locations near water. They are frequently located throughout Canada as well as prevail in New England. Along with Canada, crazies prevail to Alaska, Greenland, Iceland as well as Scotland. They have a tendency to live near smaller sized fish ponds throughout the summertime, when they nest, as well as move to bigger lakes as well as seaside locations throughout the wintertime.

Common loon diet

The common loon consumes great deals of fish. It is a specialist at diving right into water to quest. The certain fish a common loon consumes depends upon where it invests a lot of its time. For crazies near seaside locations, supper suggests go to pieces, herring, rock fish as well as sea trout. At the same time, common crazies near fresh water will certainly consume bass, perch, pike, sunfish as well as trout.

To quest, a common loon will certainly initially jab its head under the surface area of the water. Once it sees its target target, it can dive as deep as 200 feet! Smaller sized fish can be gulped entire, while bigger fish are reached a location where they can be consumed.

Common loon predators as well as dangers

People stand as the greatest danger to crazies, though the danger is not extreme. Water contamination has actually triggered common crazies to go away from eastern The United States and Canada. Nevertheless, the International Union for Preservation of Nature’s checklists the common loon as “the very least problem,” suggesting it is not presently in danger of going away.

Common crazies can likewise take the chance of having their eggs taken by tiny animals. It might alter nesting websites when this takes place.

Exactly how contamination influences the common loon

Harmful water positions a danger to the common loon, due to the fact that it chooses the exact same type of water in which it was birthed. That suggests that a common loon hatched out on a contaminated lake will, according to some research study, look for an in a similar way contaminated lake when it nests later on in life. It will certainly seek this kind of lake, also if that lake has less fish or is even worse for hatching out brand-new chicks.

Common loon recreation, infants, as well as life expectancy

Common crazies reproduce monogamously, suggesting the exact same man as well as lady will certainly reproduce annually. Common crazies live for around ten years, as well as will certainly reproduce annually for a lot of their lives. Every year, a common loon lady will certainly create 2 child crazies, or chicks. This is a lot less than normal water birds. A women mallard duck, for instance, will certainly lay as lots of as 13 eggs every year.

Common crazies will typically construct a nest near the side of water, mainly out of sticks, reeds as well as yard. They make use of the exact same nest, or nesting website, annually. The man may relocate the nest if eggs are shed to predators.

Common crazies start reproducing at age 2. They will certainly locate a friend throughout very early summertime as well as both will certainly lay off a nesting website by circling it overhanging as well as making a yodeling sound. The mommy will commonly lay 2 eggs. Common loon eggs will certainly rest for virtually a month prior to hatching out, with both moms and dads taking turns resting on the eggs. After hatching out, both mommy as well as dad feed the chicks while they are expanding. It will certainly take the chicks virtually 3 months to discover to fly, yet much less than a week to swim as well as dive. The man as well as lady will certainly move individually to a winter season locations after the chicks have actually expanded. Both after that go back to the exact same breeding place at the beginning of each summertime.

Common loon populace

The International Union for the Preservation of Nature (IUCN) approximates as lots of as 640,000 common crazies exist worldwide. The majority of these crazies lie in The United States and Canada, especially in Canada. Regarding 2,600 common crazies are approximated to stay in Europe.

While the populace appeared to be expanding somewhat in The United States and Canada, the IUCN stated it is decreasing in Europe.


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. Christopher Perrins, Oxford University Press (2009) The Encyclopedia Of Birds

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