Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!
Common Frog Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Rana temporaria
Common Frog Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Black, Green
5 – 10 years
Top speed
5 mph
20g – 80g (0.7oz – 2.8oz)
Common Frog Distribition

With its smooth, wet skin, long, sticky tongue, and lengthened back legs, the common frog is just one of one of the most identifiable species of frogs on earth

Belonging To Europe, common frogs are located from Wonderful Britain via Central Russia. Although the species is ruled out endangered, its populace numbers are thought to be decreasing. In Great Britain and Ireland, the common frog is safeguarded by regulation from profession or sale, so this amphibian isn’t suggested to be maintained as a pet. Like various other frogs, common frogs have an unique lifecycle including 3 phases of growth.

5 Extraordinary Common Frog Truths!

  • Chameleons: The common frog can lighten and dim its skin to assimilate with its environments much better, an approach they utilize to conceal from predators.
  • Hibernators: Throughout the chilliest component of the winter season, common frogs hibernate. In the northern most reaches of their variety, they can end up being entraped under ice for as much as 9 months yet arise unharmed with the thaw.
  • Insect Fans: Grownup common frogs are predators, mostly surviving off worms and various other insects. Actually, they can find the visibility of a worm via their feeling of odor.
  • Safeguarded: It is thought that common frog populaces are decreasing– mainly due to human task. The species is safeguarded by regulation in Ireland and the UK, where they can not be gotten or marketed.
  • Differed Price of Advancement: Like a lot of amphibians, the price at which the common frog establishes is highly affected by temperature level. For that reason, common frogs in warmer locations establish faster than ones in cooler locations.

Common Frog Scientific Name

The scientific name for the common frog is Rana temporaria These amphibians come from the class Amphibia, the order Anura, the family Ranidae and the genus Rana As participants of the Ranidae family, common frogs are thought about real frogs.

Several names are utilized for these frogs. They are additionally referred to as lawn frogs, russet frogs, European common frogs, and European common brownish frogs.

Common Frog Appearance

These frogs have overweight bodies, and they expand to an ordinary dimension of 2.8 to 3.9 inches long. Generally, they consider around 0.80 ounces, so they are small and light-weight. They have smooth, wet skin, and their coloring and markings differ. The underlying skin might be green, grey, yellow-colored, red, or brownish in appearance. Anywhere from a little touch to a big focus of markings might additionally show up, and they are generally red- brownish or black in shade. The underbelly side is typically white or yellow. Common frogs generally have red stripes on their back legs, and a “mask” shows up behind their eyes and tympanums.

These frogs have a distinct face. They have brownish, oblong- designed eyes with clear, straight students. A clear internal eyelid secures their eyes while they are undersea.

These frogs show a percentage of sex-related dimorphism. Females are typically a little bit bigger than males. Throughout the breeding period, the male’s throat might transform entirely white. Males additionally have tough swellings, referred to as pads, on the initial numbers of their forelegs. These swellings are available in helpful throughout breeding due to the fact that the male utilizes them to hold himself in the proper setting atop the female.

Common Frog on large green lilly pad
davemhuntphotography/Shutterstock. com

Common Frog Actions

Beyond the breeding period, these frogs are singular animals. While planning for hibernation, these frogs will certainly take in huge quantities of insects, worms, and slugs. They hibernate throughout the chilliest component of the winter season, generally under rocks, inside compost pile, or perhaps undersea in the mud and greenery. In cold north environments, the common frog might also end up being entraped underneath the ice for as lengthy as 9 months each time. They have the ability to absorb dampness via their skin, which assists them make it via. Although they do hibernate, these frogs aren’t rigorous concerning it, typically venturing out opportunistically to forage for food. This frog has a long, sticky tongue, and it darts it out promptly to arrest numerous insects.

The main phone call of the common frog is a croaking audio. Common frogs are most energetic throughout the nighttime.

Common Frog Environment

A citizen of Europe, these frogs are mostly located from Wonderful Britain via main Russia. They are located as much north as Scandinavia, as much eastern as the Ural Hills, and as much west as Ireland, and they are additionally located partially of Asia via Japan. These amphibians like environments with dark, questionable locations and wet problems, so they are mostly located in fish ponds, marshes, and locations of lengthy lawn.

Common Frog Diet

As tadpoles, these frogs are herbivores, surviving mainly off of algae and various other rotting plant issue. Grown-up frogs are thought about predators due to the fact that they mainly take in insects, insect larvae, woodlice, snails, spiders, and worms. Actually, common frogs can find the visibility of worms via odor alone, so they are extremely in harmony with finding and eating them.

Common Frog Predators and Hazards

One of the most common predators encountered by these frog tadpoles consist of beetles, birds, fish, and dragonfly larvae. Common predators of grown-up frogs consist of predators, gulls, storks, herons, ducks, crows, snakes, and badgers. Housecats additionally target common frogs yet typically do them little injury.

Although this frog is noted as Least Concern by the IUCN Red Checklist, its populace numbers are thought to be decreasing. Human task is mainly responsible, particularly modifications made to the land genuine estate growth. Because this species grows in fish ponds, a decrease in the variety of fish ponds in the UK is additionally most likely responsible. Over the last 100 years approximately, the variety of fish ponds in the nation came by one- 3rd to about 500,000 approximately. With around one- 3rd of its preferred environments gone, it ought to come as not a surprise that these animals are having a hard time to make it through.

Job is being done to secure these frogs, thankfully. The species is safeguarded by regulation in Ireland and the UK from profession or sale. For that reason, you can not most likely to a pet store to get a common frog. This frog should not be maintained as a pet in any way. There are several various other much less vulnerable frog species, and selecting among them to maintain as a pet is the most effective alternative. Various other species are less complicated to look after; the common frog can be challenging to look after successfully in bondage.
The common frog is additionally at risk to several conditions, consisting of the ranavirus.

Common Frog Recreation, Infants and Life-span

The common frog has an ordinary life expectancy of 5 to ten years. Its life expectancy might differ depending upon where it lives and whether it is maintained in bondage. Throughout its life time, this species undertakes a distinct life process containing 3 main phases: the water larva phase, the earthbound adolescent phase, and the grown-up phase. Early in the life process, an embryo establishes inside an egg that is drifting in the water.

As a very early tadpole, the animal develops an establishing mouth and connects itself to substratums. Next off, as a late tadpole, the common frog establishes a mouth with wearing teeth, and skin expands over its gills. At about 16 weeks old, the back legs develop; they are adhered to quickly after by the front legs. The tail starts to reduce; when it is completely taken in, the grown-up frog can leave the water for the very first time. The life process is currently total.

These frogs generally reproduce throughout the later springtime or whenever the water temperature level gets to 57 levels Fahrenheit. Around that time, the frog’s pituitary gland is boosted by modifications to points like the size of daytime, temperature level, and ordinary rains and starts to generate sex hormonal agents. Males establish sperm, and females establish eggs. Males’ pads end up being inflamed and might end up being pigmented also.

Male frogs contend for females in fish ponds via “choirs” of croaks. Female frogs are attracted to males that have the lengthiest and loudest croaks, so males attempt to make as much sound as they can. Ultimately, the female gets in the fish pond, and a male frog gets on top of her. He comprehends onto the female under her forelegs with his pads, and he might need to kick away various other males that are completing for the female’s interest. The male stays in position up until the female lays her eggs– she might lay anywhere from 1,000 to 4,000 of them, and they are black with a clear, jelly pill. As the eggs are launched, the male sprays sperm over them.

It takes about 3 months for tadpoles to transfigure entirely. When they at first arise, they are totally black in shade. After creating back legs around 16 weeks old and shedding their tail, they become complete grownups. Grown-up frogs get to sex-related maturation around 2 to 3 years old.

Common Frog Populace

International populace quotes for these frogs are not offered. The species is noted as Least Concern by the IUCN, yet its populaces are thought to be decreasing throughout Europe. In an initiative to secure them, legislations remain in location avoiding their sale or profession. Consequently, this is not a great frog to maintain as a pet.

Common Frog at the Zoo

You can discover these frogs at zoos all over the world. Presently, the Moscow Zoo and the Ahtari Zoo– a zoo that lies in Finland– have common frogs on screen. Going to a common frog at the zoo is a terrific means to get more information concerning the species.


  1. Discover Wildlife, Available here:
  2. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation, Available here:
  3. Ahtari Zoo, Available here:
  4. Frog Life, Available here:
  5. Britannica, Available here:

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