Cervalces latifrons (Broad-Fronted Moose)

Cervalces latifrons are the largest species of deer that ever existed.
Cervalces latifrons (Broad-Fronted Moose) Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Cervalces latifrons
Cervalces latifrons (Broad-Fronted Moose) Physical Characteristics
2000-2600 pounds
Cervalces latifrons (Broad-Fronted Moose) Distribition

Commonly referred to as the big moose, Cervalces latifrons was a deer species that resided in the Holarctic areas of Europe throughout the Pleistocene Duration. Researchers think it came to be extinct concerning 100,000 years earlier. It is thought to be the biggest species of deer that ever before existed.

Summary and Dimension

A pair of Cervalces latifrons antlers
The wide- fronted moose, Cervalces latifrons, is thought about the biggest deer species ever before to have actually existed.Ghedoghedo/Wikimedia Commons – Permit

Cervalces latifrons is the biggest deer species ever before understood to exist. When the very first summary of this deer was released in 1874, the only deer genus understood before that time was the “ Cervus” Therefore, the common name “Cervalces” was appointed of that. The details name “latifrons” indicates “wide front or temple.”

Although it is frequently described as the wide- fronted moose or huge moose, this animal is not truly a moose however a deer. As their label recommends, Cervalces latifrons were without a doubt titans, specifically contrasted to various other moose- like deers. It is approximated to have actually gotten to concerning 6.91 feet to 7.83 feet at the shoulder. With a mass of concerning 2,000 extra pounds, the only deer that would certainly have come close in weight was the Cervalces scotti, and this set depended on 30% smaller sized. The biggest participants of this species may have evaluated approximately 2,600 extra pounds. This would certainly place them in the exact same weight classification as the modern-day- day American bison.

Male Cervalces latifrons had actually horns mainly made use of for screen functions and except battling. Their horns, approximately 8 feet 2 inches, were considerably smaller sized than various other deer species like the well-known Irish elk.

Their teeth resembled that of modern-day moose, however their own were a lot bigger. They additionally had big lips and noses. The huge moose’s diastema was fairly much shorter than that of an elk. The remainder of their teeth were much longer, and they had a greater jaw with extra columns on the reduced molars. These assisted to enhance the chewing surface area of the teeth.

Diet – What Did Cervalces latifrons Eat?

Cervalces latifrons was an herbivore. Professionals believe this animal preyed on harsh vegetation expanding around lakes and swamps. It is additionally most likely that it had a diet of barks, leaves, and shoots of trees like willow, aspen, birch, oak, and ache. There’s additionally a possibility this deer foraged floral plants on valley floorings.

Environment – Where And When Did Cervalces latifrons Live?

The wide- fronted moose resided in the cooler components of Europe and Asia in the direction of completion of the Pleistocene Date. It ultimately went across over right into The United States and Canada, where it may have developed right into the stag moose. To day, professionals do not have total assurance regarding whether it remained in Europe, transitioned right into the modern-day moose, or went away completely after completion of the glacial period. Understood fossil remains are from Northern Europe and Asia.

Like its modern moose relationships, researchers believe the wide- fronted deer resided in Expanse, coniferous woodlands, and swamps however prevented deciduous woodlands as a result of the trouble that may have been brought on by its vast horns when relocating with the shrubs.

Professionals additionally believe they adjusted to life in a marshy setting. They had lengthy arm or legs that would certainly have permitted a sort of mobility referred to as the “stilt- mobility.” This activity entails a lengthy stride with a high altitude of the feet with each action and is seen in animals that normally relocate with deep snow or bogs. Like modern-day moose, this animal was mainly singular. Problems were uncommon given that people steered clear of from each various other.

Hazards and Predators

The major predators of Cervalces consisted of grey wolves, alarming wolves, and brown bears. To day, these predators still exploit deer and moose. Brown bears do not quest them proactively. They often tend to swipe the eliminates of wolves or go with adolescent wide- fronted moose.

The dire wolf was a lot larger than Cervalces, and thus, it would certainly have had much less difficulty bringing it down as victim. American lions and Eurasian cave lions were additionally understood to prefer deer- like animals.

Professionals additionally believe the very first collection of human seekers throughout the Pleistocene duration were hazards to Cervalces since they pursued them for food.

Discoveries and Fossils – Where It Was Found

Fossil explorations of the huge moose project in Northern Europe and Asia. This deer- like animal’s very first fossil originated from Norfolk and Suffolk’s shore, in between Cromer and Great Yarmouth. It was uncovered by Randall in 1874. The locate was a frontal bone affixed to component of a horn. The bones were revealed throughout reduced trends on a beachfront.

Fossils of moose- like deer have actually additionally been discovered in Siberia. Although they are fragmentary and do not have undamaged heads or thorough horns, they have actually been recognized as Cervalces latifrons Various other areas where fossils of this deer have actually been discovered consist of France, Germany, and Italy.

Termination – When Did Cervalces latifrons Pass Away Out?

To day, it is still uncertain regarding whether this species developed right into modern-day times or passed away out entirely. Some researchers, nevertheless, think that it went as a result of the competitors with vegetarian artiodactyls like the bison in a brand-new meadow ecological community that changed the woodland setting.

There is additionally conjecture that the searching tasks of recently gotten here humans added to their termination. Whatever the instance, Cervalces disappeared in the direction of completion of the Pleistocene concerning 100,000 years earlier, in addition to numerous various other megafaunas.

Similar Animals to the Broad- Fronted Moose

Similar animals to Cervalces latifrons consist of:

  • Irish elk – The Irish elk is an extinct deer species in the genus Megaloceros Like wide- fronted moose, it is among the biggest deer species that ever before lived. It is additionally a participant of the Cervidae family, with an eco-friendly variety that expands from Eurasia to Ireland.
  • Cervalces scotti – This is a species similar toCervalces latifrons Professionals think they’re very closely associated, with the scotti being the North American variation of thelatifrons It had complicated horns and came to be extinct 11,500 years earlier.
  • Alces alces – Likewise frequently described as the moose, The Alces are the biggest and heaviest living species in the deer family. Like the Cervalcles latifrons, the moose lives a singular life.


  1. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cervalces_latifrons
  2. Prehistoric Fauna, Available here: https://prehistoric-fauna.com/Cervalces-latifrons
  3. Breda, Marzia; Pini, Roberta; Ravazzi, Cesare, Available here: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031018204005255

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