Cave Lion

Unlike modern lions, cave lions didn’t have a significant mane.
Cave Lion Scientific Classification
Cave Lion Physical Characteristics
Over 700 pounds
Cave Lion Distribition

Cave Lion Summary and Dimension

The cave lion is an extinct species that looked like, yet stood out, from the contemporary lion. Cave illustrations of the lion offer some concept of what they might have resembled. As an example, cave illustrations that go back over 15,000 years recommend that make cave lions did not have a substantial hair and they might not have had one in any way.

It is thought that the cave lion might have been among the biggest species of lions, with a shoulder elevation of almost 4 feet, and a size (leaving out the tail) of almost 7 feet. They most likely considered over 700 extra pounds. The muzzle of the cave lion was longer and narrower than contemporary lions.

Artist's rendering of two European cave lions next to a dead reindeer in the snow
Cave lions were almost 4 feet high at the shoulder, and from the pointer of their nose throughout of their back, omitting their tail, they were almost 7 feet long.

Kinds Of Cave Lions

There were 3 various species of cave lion or Panthera They were Panthera spelaea, Panthera leo fossilis, and Panthera atrox Panthera spelaea is likewise referred to as the European or Eurasian cave lion. Panthera leo fossilis is likewise referred to as the Very early Center Pleistocene European cave lion, and Panthera atrox is likewise referred to as the American cave lion.

Both the American and Eurasian cave lion came down from the Very early Center Pleistocene European cave lion. Researches of mitochondrial DNA suggest that the Eurasian and American cave lions share sis family tree. The American cave lion most likely established when cave lions in America came to be separated southern of the North American continental ice sheet.

What Did Cave Lions Eat?

Most of the cave lions’ diet was comprised of reindeer. They would sometimes make a dish of young bear cubs, yet they were a lot more particular than contemporary lions, which eat whatever they have the ability to capture.

Environment: Where Cave Lions Lived

The cave lion had a substantial variety. It made its house from Canada and Alaska throughout the Bering land bridge, throughout the massive steppe, which ranged from Spain throughout Eurasia and from the Polar circle southern to China. This consisted of the Iberian Peninsula, Great Britain, Southeast, and Central Europe, north Eurasia, and the East Europe Level.

In spite of the name, it isn’t thought that cave lions stayed in caverns. They most likely stayed in the open, similar to participants of the contemporary- day Panthera genus.

Cave Lion Predators and Risks

The cave lion had no all-natural predators aside from primitive humans. There is proof that the cave lion was pursued and skinned for their pelts, which might have resulted in their termination.

Cave Lion Discoveries and Fossils: Where It Was Found

A set of cave lion cubs were discovered in ice in Yakutia, Siberia. It is thought they were hidden by a landslide, which permitted them to be remarkably well protected. It is approximated that these cubs were in between 25,000 and 55,000 years of ages.

Various other icy samplings have actually been discovered in similar locations. Scientist established via carbon dating that 2 cubs discovered roughly 50 feet apart and assumed to be brother or sisters really lived around 15,000 years apart.

The initial fossils of the American cave lion were discovered in 1830. It was a partial jawbone and was uncovered in Mississippi. The following fossils weren’t recuperated till 1907. Although they weren’t recognized as coming from the American cave lion till 1907, they were uncovered in 1803 in Alaska.

Over 80 specific cave lion fossils were recuperated in La Brea, The golden state via the very early and mid- 1900s.

Termination: When Did Cave Lions Pass Away Out

It is tough to establish precisely why the cave lion came to be extinct. It is understood that primitive humans pursued the cave lion for its pelts. It is feasible that the searching stress on these animals drove them right into termination.

Similar Animals To the Cave Lion

The cave lion remains in the genus Panthera, that includes the contemporary- day lion, jaguar, tiger, and leopard. Some scientists, after examining the head forms of various participants of the Panthera genus, think the cave lion might be a lot more very closely pertaining to contemporary- day tigers than contemporary lions.

Animals That Lived at the Exact Same Time as Cave Lions

Various other animals that lived together with cave lions consisted of saber- tooth tigers, woolly mammoths, cave bears, and steppe bison.

  • Saber-Tooth Tigers— Identifiable by their bent canine teeth that showed up also when the mouth was shut. Found almost worldwide.
  • Woolly Mammoths— About the very same dimension as African elephants, with a dual layer of lengthy guard hairs and thick undercoat.
  • Cave Bears— Located in Europe and Asia. Similar in appearance, although bigger, than contemporary brown bears.
  • Steppe Bison— Similar in appearance to contemporary bison, the steppe bison mored than 6 feet high at the shoulder, and the suggestions of the horns mored than 3 feet apart.


  1. Britannica, Available here:
  2. New World Encyclopedia, Available here:
  3. Southampton AC, Available here:
  4. Science , Available here:

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