There are 14 genera and 53 species in the cardinal family
Cardinal Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Cardinalis cardinalis, Piranga rubra, and others
Habia, Chlorothraupis, Piranga, and others
Cardinal Physical Characteristics
Red, Blue, Orange
3 to 15 years
0.8 to 1.5 ounces
Cardinal Distribition

“Cardinals have intense red, blue, or yellow plumes.”


The cardinal is a family of tool and big- sized songbirds native to the island to North and South America. They populate lots of environments, from woodlands to scrublands, and lots of species in The United States and Canada move southern for the winter season. The male species are understood for being great tones of red, blue, yellow, and orange, while the females frequently look really various in their plain, brownish tuft. Discover every little thing there is to understand about this bird family, consisting of where they live, what they eat, and just how they recreate.

5 Outstanding Cardinal Realities

  • The cardinals populate locations from Northwest Canada to the southerly pointer of South America.
  • There are 14 category and 53 species in the cardinal family.
  • Cardinals are sexually dichromatic, implying males and females vary in appearance.
  • Species in the neotropics reside in their setting year- round, while lots of in the USA and Canada move southern for the winter season.
  • Over 80% of the cardinal family has a conservation status as “least concern.”

Where to Locate the Cardinal

The cardinal lives throughout 2 continents: North and South America. You can discover them as much north as Canada and as much southern as the southerly pointer of South America near Argentina and Uruguay. Nonetheless, Central America has one of the most cardinal species. These birds reside in a vast array of environments, consisting of woodlands, meadows, and dry scrublands.


  1. The United States And Canada
  2. South America

Cardinal Nest

Many species develop open- mug nests positioned high in the trees. Typically, males and females develop the nest with each other. However some female species will certainly create it by themselves. They make it making use of turfs and branches, periodically lining the within with softer product.

Scientific Name

The cardinalidae family is a team of guest birds native to the island to the Americas. There are 14 category in the family and 53 private species: tanagers, grosbeaks, talks, cardinals, seedeaters, pennants, and one dickcissel.

Dimension, Appearance & Habits

The cardinal family contains tool to big songbirds. They have substantial bodies, determining in between 4.5 and 11 inches long and balancing 0.8 to 1.5 ounces. Chats and pennants have tiny expenses, while seedeaters, cardinals, and grosbeaks have big expenses. Many species have big heads, brief legs, and tool- sized sharp wings. Cardinalids are sexually dichromatic, implying males and females look really various. The males can be intense red, orange, and blue, while the females are normally duller in shade. Males in pleasant areas will certainly molt right into their winter season tuft, which appears like the female. However those in exotic locations will certainly maintain their intense shades year- round.

Movement Pattern and Timing

Species from the neotropics reside in their setting year- round. Those in the Western USA and Canada are reproducing travelers, implying they take a trip better southern throughout the winter season. As a matter of fact, many North American species move southern for the winter season, some reaching the neotropics in Central and South America.


Participants of the cardinal family are omnivores that mostly forage reduced to the ground.

What Does the Cardinal Eat?

These birds eat insects, fruit, nectar, sap, and seeds. Many species depend greatly on invertebrates throughout the reproducing period to refuel them and their young. Some participants, like the cardinals, pennants, and grosbeaks, have thick expenses for squashing seeds. While others, like the tanagers, prey on fruit, nectar, and tiny insects. Many forage short on trees or the ground. However some will certainly forage in high covers.

Predators, Risks, and Conservation Status

The IUCN checklists over 80% of the cardinal family as LC or “least concern.” Because of their considerable array and considerable population dimension, many species do not get to the limit for “endangered” condition. Nonetheless, a number of species, like the rose- bellied pennant and black- cheeked ant- tanager, are noted as NT or “close to- endangered.” Specific species with a tiny array endure one of the most. The key problem for the cardinal family is the loss of environment from woodland fragmentation. These birds are likewise extremely vulnerable to environment modification.

What Consumes the Great Cardinal?

The cardinal’s major predators consist of predators like hawks, owls, eagles, and falcons. They are likewise taken advantage of by serpents, jays, squirrels, and residential animals like dogs and cats. Males sing and utilize alarm system phones call to alert of neighboringpredators Many male cardinal species are fairly hostile and will certainly protect their nest by stroking and diving.

Reproduction, Youthful, and Molting

Many cardinal species are virginal, however commonly just for one reproducing period. They might go on to one more friend throughout the adhering to period. The reproducing period in pleasant areas is seasonal, while reproducing happens year- round in exotic locations. Cardinals lay in between one and 6 eggs and will certainly generate one to 3 broods per period. Both males and females take part in incubation, and the males frequently bring food. The incubation duration standards 11 to 13 days. The young fledge the nest in between one and 2 weeks. Cardinals normally get to sex-related maturation around one year and can live anywhere from 3 to fifteen years.


The international population of cardinals is unidentified, however a lot of their population shows up steady. Numerous species have reducing populaces, like the orange- breasted pennant and the glaucous- blue grosbeak. Environment loss is the key factor for their decrease.

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