Box Turtle

This reptile has an S-shaped neck allowing it to pull its entire head into its shell.
Box Turtle Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Terrapene carolina
Box Turtle Physical Characteristics
Yellow, Black, Dark Brown, Orange
Less than 10,000
100 plus years
Top speed
0.25 mph
0.5lbs to 2lbs
Box Turtle Distribition

” A box turtle’s strolling rate is 0.25 miles per hour”

One of the most noteworthy attribute of an usual box turtle is its dark brownish or black covering including a brilliant yellow pattern. These turtles come from the American fish pond turtle family. They stay in woodlands and areas consuming insects, fruit, origins, and little amphibians. Like lots of various other kinds of turtles, these turtles can live a long time. Though they can have a life expectancy of as much as 100 years, they generally live to be 30 or 40 years of ages.

5 Amazing Box Turtle Truths!

  • There are 6 species of these turtles
  • A turtle’s covering is affixed to its body, especially by its chest
  • These animals remain under shrubs and trees to keep one’s cool on a warm day
  • Much of these turtles pass away when they attempt to go across a roadway and are run over by passing website traffic
  • These turtles have a series of area equivalent to a football area

Box Turtle Scientific Name

The scientific name of an usual box turtle is Terrapene carolina carolina These turtle species consist of various kinds of turtles specifically the Eastern, Florida, Gulf Coastline, and the 3- toed box turtle. These turtles come from the Emydidae family. Participants of this family are in some cases called fish pond turtles or terrapins. They remain in the Reptilia class.

There are 6 species of these turtles with different kinds within each species. The 6 species consist of:

  • Usual
  • Mexican
  • Coahuilan
  • Identified
  • Western
  • Yucatan

Box Turtle Appearance & & Actions

An Eastern box turtle has a dark brownish or black covering, also known as shell, with yellow areas on its top. A Florida box turtle’s covering is similar in appearance. Conversely, an elaborate box turtle has a brownish covering with slashes of yellow over its top. A turtle’s covering is composed of solid plates called scutes. These reptiles have 4 legs with 5 clawed toes on each front leg and 4 clawed toes on each of their back feet. They have an S- designed neck making it very easy to draw their head right into their covering. A male usual box turtle’s eyes are generally red while a females’ eyes are brownish.

A typical box turtle expands to a size of 4 to 6 inches. Align 3 golf tees end to finish. and you have a line equivalent in size to a 6- inch turtle. These turtles consider from.5 to 2 extra pounds. If you had one and a fifty percent basketballs resting on a table before you, they would certainly coincide weight as a 2- extra pound box turtle. The biggest species of these turtles is the Gulf Coastline box turtle. It can in some cases get to a size of 8.5 inches long!

Usual snapping turtles do not come from the exact same family as these turtles. Their covering is various fit and can come up to 18 inches in size.

The only security any type of sort of these turtles has is its capability to pull away right into its covering at the initial indication of a risk. It can draw its head and legs every one of the means right into its covering. Predators need to function really difficult to harm the hard outside of the turtle’s covering in order to get the turtle inside. And also, the turtle’s covering can fix itself with time. Fractures and busted locations are regrown. So, also if a turtle’s covering is struck, it can recuperate if the damages is not serious.

Usual box turtles are singular animals. They are timid and will certainly remain out of view of humans and various other animals if in any way feasible. If turtles live near each other, it’s generally due to the fact that there is a bountiful food resource. A team of turtles is called a bundle. A bundle might include as couple of as 3 turtles or as lots of as 13.

Box Turtle (Terrapene carolina) walking on grass.
Box Turtle (Terrapene carolina) strolling on yard.

Elizabeth Spencer/Shutterstock. com

Box Turtle Environment

These turtles stay in the main, eastern, and southerly USA in addition to in Mexico. These turtles stay in modest to cozy environments. The turtles staying in locations that obtain cool in the winter months, enter into hibernation to remain cozy. They look for sanctuary in a hollow tree or delve right into the ground utilizing their solid back legs.

The environment of Eastern box turtles consists of woodlands, marshy locations, fields, and areas. Usually, their array consists of a water resource such as a fish pond or stream. Conversely, luxuriant box turtles survive savannas and in verdant locations.

These turtles stay clear of extreme warmth by searching for food early in the early morning on summertime days. In the warmth of the day, they conceal under a shrub or under a log to remain great.

These turtle’s feet have webbing enabling them to locate food in or near a creek. Their outstanding feeling of scent helps them when searching for insects or plant life to eat.

These turtles do not move. However they do walk around within their area which has to do with the dimension of a football area.

Box Turtle Predators and Hazards

Though Eastern box turtles are omnivores, they have a various diet at various phases of life. Typically, a child or young turtle consumes insects and little amphibians. Older turtles have a tendency to eat origins, fruit, and blossoms.

Luxuriant box turtles eat blossoms, origins, and insects too. They additionally eat carrion.

What consumes a box turtle?

Several Of the predators of these turtles consist of dogs, skunks, raccoons, birds, and snakes. Several of these animals have the capability to penetrate around inside a turtle’s covering to wound and eliminate the turtle. As an example, raccoons can utilize their active claws to get to right into a turtle’s covering. Dogs utilize their effective jaws and teeth to fracture or damage a box turtle’s covering to access the within. If a turtle is handed over on its back by a dog or various other killer, it might pass away if it’s unable to transform itself back over after the killer leaves.

What does a box turtle eat?

These turtles have a diet of insects, caterpillars, fruit, blossoms, origins, and little amphibians.

These little reptiles are endangered by environment loss and loss of their food resource because of building and construction and land advancement. When roadways are constructed in this animal’s area, box turtles pay a high cost if they are run over by vehicles or vehicles taking a trip with.

The conservation status of the Eastern box turtle is Vulnerable with a lowering populace.

Box Turtle Recreation and Life Process

These turtles get to sex-related maturation around the age of 5. Their reproduction period starts in the springtime and undergoes fall. Males contend for females by fighting each other. The greatest male reaches mate with the female. Males can mate with numerous females in one reproducing period. The gestation duration of an Eastern box turtle is 50 to 90 days.

A fascinating point to note is a female Eastern box turtle can keep sperm for as much as 4 years. So, she can mate and lay her eggs 3 or 4 years later on. The nesting duration begins in May and proceeds right into June. Females dig a burrow and lay from 4 to 5 eggs there. Some turtles lay as lots of as 11 eggs! She leaves after hiding the eggs under the dust or sandy surface area. Box turtle eggs nurture and hatch out with no treatment from the moms and dads. The eggs are around 2 centimeters long and consider much less than an ounce. While some turtle eggs are leatherlike to the touch, box turtle eggs have a slim and rather adaptable covering.

A child box turtle is called a hatchling. The hatchlings creep up out of their burrow and has to endure by themselves then. They start to look for little worms, bugs, and plant to eat. Child turtles are vulnerable to predators due to their little dimension and the reality that they are birthed with a soft covering that supplies little to no security. Not remarkably, lots of hatchlings are consumed prior to they have a possibility to expand a more powerful covering they can pull away right into when a killer neighbors.

These turtles are susceptible to respiratory system illness and bloodsuckers. Though the majority of these turtles live to 30 or 40 years of ages, they have actually been understood to live to the ripe aging of 100!

Box Turtle Populace

The populace of the Eastern box turtle is much less than 10,000. The general variety of these turtles has actually gone down because of environment loss and land advancement. Numerous turtle fatalities are triggered when they attempt to go across roadways and are run over by passing lorries.

The conservation status of Eastern box turtles is Vulnerable with a lowering populace.


  1. Wikipedia, Available here:
  2. Eastern Box Turtle, Available here:
  3. Museum.state, Available here:
  4. The National Wildlife Federation, Available here:
  5. Dickinson County Conservation Board, Available here:

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