Borneo Elephant

Borneo Elephant Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Elephas maximus borneensis
Borneo Elephant Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Black
55 – 70 years
Top speed
27 mph
3,000kg – 5,000kg (6,500lbs – 11,000lbs)
Borneo Elephant Distribition

The Borneo elephant is a subspecies of the Asian elephant and the only participant of the species to live on the island of Borneo.

This subspecies likewise passes the different name of pygmy elephant. Nonetheless, there is absolutely nothing little regarding this massive animal. By any type of dimension, it is still the biggest land animal on the island ofBorneo Much regarding its habits continues to be unidentified. Till the Globe Wild animals Fund affixed satellite collars to a couple of Borneo elephants in 2005, a lot of what we understand regarding this subspecies was based upon projection from the research study of various other Asian elephants. As its destiny hangs in the equilibrium, it’s currently a race versus time to wait from termination.

4 Unbelievable Borneo Elephant Truths

  • The Borneo elephant last shared an usual forefather with its Eastern kin regarding 300,000 years back Separated from the various other subspecies, it has actually advanced independently on the island of Borneo, never ever trading genetics with various other populaces of elephants.
  • Asian elephants expand 6 collections of teeth throughout their lives.
  • Female Asian elephants normally do not have tusks, however they do have actually lengthy teeth called backsides situated right behind their top lips.
  • The elephant trunk is a remarkable tool that’s nearly comparable to a human hand. Among the a lot more fantastic realities regarding it is the capacity to break short branches and swat away flies

Borneo Elephant Scientific Name

The scientific name of the Borneo elephant is Elaphas maximus borneensis Elephas is undoubtedly the name of the elephant family that consists of both African elephants and Asian elephants. Maximus is the exact scientific name of the Asian elephant species. As you may currently recognize, it is a Latin term significance best or biggest, which shows the dimension of the Asian elephant. It is likewise where we obtain the English term optimum. Borneensis, a Latinized word for Borneo, refers just to the details subspecies ofBorneo There are in fact 4 subspecies of the Asian elephant in total amount. The various other 3 are the Sri Lanka elephant, the Sumatra elephant, and the Indian elephant. It is thought that the Borneo elephant has actually advanced much sufficient far from its Eastern equivalent to call for a different subspecies classification.

Borneo Elephant Appearance

The Borneo elephant shares several functions alike with its Eastern family members: both- domed head, the smaller sized rounded ears, the 4 unguis on the back foot, and the grey skin with little spouts of hair. Yet it likewise displays several physical distinctions, consisting of straighter tusks and a longer tail. The Asian elephant is typically smaller sized than the African elephant, however the Borneo elephant is around 30% smaller sized than various other Asian elephants. Little, in this situation, is family member, given that the Borneo elephant steps in between 8.2 and 9.8 feet high and in between 6,500 and 11,000 extra pounds in weight. Males have a tendency to have a much bigger weight than females usually.

Borneo elephant isolated on a white background
ylq/Shutterstock. com

Borneo Elephant Habits

The elephant trunk is an all- around unbelievable tool. Many thanks to the big focus of muscle mass and nerves, it is the primary ways whereby the elephant communicates with the globe: breathing, scenting, alcohol consumption, interaction, and ordering items. (It likewise has a finger- like appendage on completion to assist with this.)

The elephant requires a similarly excellent mind to do every one of these fantastic tasks with its trunk. Borneo elephants have actually not been extensively examined for their cognition, however the elephant family in its entirety has actually an extremely created neocortex (similar to humans, apes, and dolphins) that allows it to utilize devices, identify itself in the mirror, resolve complicated troubles, imitate habits, and really feel a variety of complicated feelings. Monitorings recommend that the elephant can experience despair and grieving over the fatality of a buddy or relative.

The herd is the facility of all social task and every day life for some elephants. This very participating and selfless system includes 5 to 20 grown-up females (called cows) and their spawn. The male bulls normally stray by themselves at a young age or sign up with all- male bachelor teams, however the females have a tendency to stick with the exact same herd for much of their lives. The earliest and biggest female generally ends up being the matriarch of the whole herd. She aids the team choose and advises more youthful mommies on just how to take care of their young.

The Asian elephant is a crepuscular species, which implies it rests throughout the day and completes a lot of its tasks throughout the dawn and sundown hrs. Resisting its instead difficult stereotype, the elephant is a quick jogger and a remarkably excellent swimmer. It can immerse its whole body in the water to remain trendy. Just its trunk shows up over the water to aid it breath. The elephant will certainly likewise cover itself in mud or dirt to maintain its body temperature level down throughout the warmer months.

The life of the herd focuses on a nomadic presence. This implies it strays around a large area searching for waterholes and mother lodes of food. Numerous teams will certainly occasionally collaborate based upon the period, environment, and various other problems.

Borneo Elephant Environment

The Borneo elephant, as the name suggests, is native to the northeastern component of the island ofBorneo Although separated from the remainder of Asia, Borneo is among the biggest islands in the Pacific and a resource of enormous biodiversity. The best focus of the Borneo elephant is discovered in the Malaysian state of Sabah at the really north suggestion of the island. Right here it strays the woodlands and meadows for 12 to 18 hrs a day searching for sources.

Borneo Elephant Diet

The Borneo elephant is a vegetarian animal that feeds upon a varied diet of various plant species, consisting of blossoms, fruits, leaves, grains, and bark. In order to maintain itself, one elephant alone might eat thousands of extra pounds of food in a solitary day either by grazing along the ground or surfing on the fallen leaves and shoots of trees. The trunk works as a functional arm or leg that can realize plant life and bring the food to its mouth.

Borneo Elephant Predators and Hazards

Due to its powerful dimension, the Borneo elephant has absolutely nothing to be afraid from any type of all-naturalpredators Also the youngest elephants are rather big and all the same shielded by the herd. The only genuine danger is humankind. Due to the fact that this subspecies needs a huge quantity of land in which to live, logging for logging, farming, and haciendas has actually deteriorated its all-natural environment, which not just produces fragmented populaces, however likewise results in route battle with individuals. Elephants are occasionally eliminated or hurt since they mistakenly damage plants as they relocate with ranches and haciendas. Some elephants are simply the target of regrettable situations. It is approximated that around 20% of this subspecies has actually suffered injuries from unlawful entrapments to capture smaller sized video game.

Borneo Elephant Recreation, Children, and Life Expectancy

The reproductive routines of the Borneo elephant are not well examined, however based upon what we understand regarding various other Asian elephants, a number of realities can be theorized. One of the most essential aspect of male sex-related habits is a short-lived problem called musth. Throughout these durations, the male’s hormonal agents come to be raised and the testes are bigger. This permits the male in musth to take on various other elephants (that are normally not in musth) for the sex-related civil liberties of the female by battling, pressing, or ramming with their tusks. The weak male will certainly accept the more powerful male prior to these competitors transform as well right into a major and dangerous battle. This system often tends to prefer older males, since musth gains in strength with age.

Although elephants can mate all the time, it is thought that the female elephant is reproductively responsive for just a minimal time of the year. She will certainly show her sex-related accessibility with numerous articulations and activities, causing the males to contend for her love. It is normally her option whom she will certainly mate with, however she likes males that remain in musth since it’s a signal of stamina and prominence.

After copulation, the male will certainly occasionally stick with the female simply enough time to avoid her from mating with any person else, however he or else plays no duty in adult treatment. As soon as the dad leaves, the female brings the young spawn for regarding 22 months, which is probably the lengthiest of any type of animal species on the planet. She generates just a solitary calf bone each time, and hardly ever does she have doubles. This is since the Asian elephant has an extremely lengthy growth time.

Although they begin evaluating greater than 100 extra pounds, the calf bones require to a great deal of development prior to reaching their complete dimension. The youngster will certainly registered nurse on its mom’s milk for a minimum of 2 years after birth, however complete discouraging does not take place for nearly 4 years. Throughout this moment, both the mom and her family members will certainly take an energetic duty in the calf bone’s growth. They will certainly supply the calf bone with defense and tutoring till it prepares to come to be independent. Due to the substantial financial investments called for to elevate the spawn, she just types as soon as every 4 to 5 years.

Both males and females have a tendency to come to be sexually fully grown at around 10 to 15 years old. If the elephant is worried, after that sex-related maturation might be postponed by a number of even more years. The common life span of this species is around half a century in the wild, though some people can measure up to 60 or 70 years.

Borneo Elephant Populace

The Borneo elephant is an endangered species with less than 1,500 people staying in the wild. It is approximated that populace numbers have actually dropped some 60% given that 1980. In order to produce even more lasting foresting techniques, some companies like the Globe Wild animals Fund are collaborating with neighborhood hacienda supervisors and proprietors near the elephant’s environment to produce reforested wild animals hallways to allow the complimentary activity in between fragmented locations. This must likewise lower disputes with humans.

Borneo Elephants in the Zoo

The Oregon Zoo has the only Borneo elephant in the USA: a female called Chendra. She was birthed in Sabah, Malaysia in 1993 and later on discovered straying around a hand oil hacienda, starving and alone, with injuries on her front legs and left eye. Unsuited permanently in the wild, she entered the property of the Oregon Zoo in 1999. Chendra is currently housed at the elephant lands area in addition to various other Asian elephants. This area has 3 interconnected outside areas for the elephants to stroll in, plus feeding terminals, mud wallows, and a large swimming pool.


  1. World Wildlife Federation, Available here:
  2. National Geographic, Available here:
  3. Brittanica, Available here:
  4. Animal Diversity Web, Available here:
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