Long and heavy spiralled horns!
Bongo Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Tragelaphus eurycerus
Bongo Physical Characteristics
Brown, Red, Black, White, Orange, Chestnut
10 – 18 years
Top speed
43 mph
150kg – 220kg (330lbs – 484lbs)
Bongo Distribition

Bongo Classification and Development

The Bongo is a big species of antelope that is discovered populating the forests and woodlands of Eastern, Western and Central Africa. They are the biggest woodland- home antelope species and among one of the most unique, with a chestnut coloured layer and lengthy horns that spiral as high as 90cm in males. There are 2 identified below- species of Bongo which are the Hill Bongo (likewise referred to as the Eastern Bongo) and the Bog Bongo (likewise referred to as the Western Bongo), which is largely discovered in the woodlands of Central Africa. Both species of Bongo are endangered by both searching and environment loss with populaces having decreased considerably adequate for it to be noted as a near threatened species by the IUCN, as although it still has a fairly large distribution, populaces are coming to be increasingly more separated.

Bongo Makeup and Appearance

The Bongo is a big and hefty- bodied antelope with a brief and shiny, orange or chestnut coloured layer that is darker on the bottom and formed with in between 10 and 15 upright white red stripes that assist the Bongo to stay concealed in the thick forest. They likewise have unique white markings on their cheeks, a white chevron in between the eyes and nose and a white crescent- like form on their upper body. The legs of the Bongo are grouped with both white and black and their lengthy tail has a tufted pointer. Bongos likewise have huge ears providing really delicate hearing and a lengthy prehensile tongue which permits them to grasp onto leaves higher and remove them from the branches effortlessly. Their unique spiraled horns typically have either one or one- and- half spins, with those of males being longer and extra coiled than the horns of the somewhat smaller sized and lighter- coloured females. Bongos likewise have a slim hair that leaves their body from the shoulders to the rump.

Bongo Distribution and Environment

The Bongo is an animal that is natively discovered populating the thick woodlands of Eastern, Western and Central Africa and although it is still discovered in a variety of various nations today, populaces are lowering in dimension with the Bongo currently really thought about to be extinct from some areas. The Bog Bongo occupies the thick lowland woodlands and bamboo thickets of Western and Central Africa, and although is still discovered throughout much of its historic array in Central Africa, is coming to be rarer in the West. Hill Bongos were as soon as discovered in the highland woodlands of both Kenya and Uganda however are currently limited to simply 4 locations in Kenya after having actually vanished from Uganda at the start of the twentieth century. Populaces have actually lowered swiftly throughout much of their all-natural array because of environment loss, mostly in the kind of logging.

Bongo Behaviour and Lifestyle

The Bongo is a reluctant and evasive animal that is rarely seen by individuals because of its very nighttime way of living. Just like lots of various other antelope species, Bongos turn and take off nearly quickly when they really feel endangered and can go away rapidly right into the bordering woodland, keeping up their horns laid back versus their body to avoid them from obtaining entangled up in the greenery. Male Bongos are singular animals and will just enter call with various other Bongos to reproduce, whereas although females can be discovered by themselves, they typically create herds that can include as much as 50 participants and contain the females and their young (for security). Bongos create a range of various phone calls so they have the ability to connect consisting of grunts, grunts, moos and bleating to caution others of coming close to threat or when they remain in distress.

Bongo Recreation and Life Process

A lot of breeding has a tendency to take place in between October and January, after which the female Bongo will certainly bring to life a solitary calf bone adhering to a gestation duration that lasts for around 9 months. In order to attempt and shield the vulnerable calf bone from predators, females bring to life their calf bone in thick greenery where she leaves it existing calmly for concerning a week. Throughout this time around, the mommy returns on a regular basis to registered nurse her calf bone and when the calf bone is solid sufficient they both sign up with- up with various other females and their young for far better security. Bongo calf bones expand fairly quick and their horns start to reveal by the time they are 3 or 4 months old. Discouraging takes place at 6 months however calf bones often tend to stay with the baby room team for longer.

Bongo Diet and Victim

The Bongo is a vegetarian creature which implies that they just prey on plant issue in order to acquire the nourishment that they require to endure. Bongos are discerning web browsers that prey on fallen leaves, origins, bark and lawns under the cover of evening to maintain them much safer from the various meat-eating predators that they share their environments with. The Bongo has a prehensile tongue which assists it to get to fresh fallen leaves higher and likewise helps it when drawing origins out of the ground. Like various other antelopes (and livestock which they are very closely relevant as well), the Bongo has a 4- chambered pondering belly to assist it to damage down the cellulose that the plants include. Food travels through their gastrointestinal system really gradually in contrast to various other animals to increase the dietary consumption.

Bongo Predators and Risks

Bongos are target to various huge predators in their bordering settings with Leopards being their most usual all-natural risk together with Lions in specific locations. The young calf bones are likewise vulnerable to predation from Pythons and Hyenas throughout much of their all-natural array. One more huge risk to Bongos is the reality that they are specifically vulnerable to condition with the whole populace having actually been almost erased in the late 1800s. They are nonetheless, at the most significant danger from individuals that do not simply quest them both straight and by establishing entrapments however have actually likewise wiped out a lot of their one large all-natural array with logging to both give way for farming and to collect exotic timbers for the lumber sector.

Bongo Intriguing Truths and Functions

Although they often tend to be most energetic in between sunset and dawn, Bongos are understood to periodically surf throughout the day however will certainly never ever leave the thick greenery that borders them. To assist them to cool off in the warm, Bongos indulge mud which they after that massage onto a tree as a method of brightening their smooth and hefty horns. Regardless of being looked for food in lots of locations, in others there is a large amount of superstitious notion bordering the Bongo by the indigenous individuals. Some think that not just consuming however simply touching Bongo will certainly create the private to have convulsions and they are consequently not as well impacted by searching in these locations.

Bongo Connection with Humans

In lots of locations throughout their all-natural array, Bongos have actually been pursued by individuals for meat however likewise came to be a reward target for huge- video game prize seekers which ravaged neighborhood populaces. The most significant influence that individuals have actually carried the Bongo however is the reality that large locations of their all-natural environments have actually vanished to include farming and to offer grazing for animals. This boosting nearness to Humans has actually caused break outs of condition in Bongos, together with serious populace decreases because of their decreasing environments and consequently, a boosting absence of both food and ideal woodland cover which Bongos greatly count on.

Bongo Conservation Status and Life Today

Today, the Bongo is noted by the IUCN as an animal that is Near Threatened by termination from the wild in the future. Although the Hill Bongo has actually constantly been unusual it is been afraid that there can be as couple of as just 75 people left in the highland woodlands of Kenya, where they are currently secured. The Bog Bongo is coming to be rarer in Western Africa however populaces although lowering, stay extensive throughout much of their historic array in Central Africa.


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals
  8. Bongo Information, Available here:
  9. About Bongos, Available here:
  10. Bongo Conservation, Available here:

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