Betta Fish (Siamese Fighting Fish)

Can live in low-oxygen environments
Betta Fish (Siamese Fighting Fish) Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Betta splendens
Betta Fish (Siamese Fighting Fish) Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Yellow, Red, Blue, White, Gold, Green, Orange, Multi-colored
3-5 years
Betta Fish (Siamese Fighting Fish) Distribition

The Siamese fighting fish, additionally referred to as the betta fish, is 2nd just to the fish in appeal as a residence fish tank pet.

It is a hostile, vibrant fish that is belonging to Thailand, Vietnam, and Cambodia using the Mekong Delta. It is additionally existing in Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, and Malaysia and is a non- harmful intrusive species in Australia, Brazil, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Singapore, and the southeastern USA. The energetic, singular fish produces a dynamic, amazing pet.

5 Amazing Betta Fish realities!

  • Although “betta” can describe 72 various other species of the Betta genus, it is utilized especially for the species with the scientific name Betta splendens.
  • ” Siamese fighting fish” describes the Betta splendens species to avoid complication with the various other species of the genus.
  • Both male and female bettas are hostile, however the females are much less extreme and territorial.
  • The betta’s extremely hostile nature results from man-made option, although it is hostile in the wild.
  • The fish generate with the males developing bubble nests, after which they shield the eggs and increase the young.

Classification and Scientific Name

The scientific name of the Siamese fighting fish is Betta splendens. It is among 73 species of the Betta genus. Betta originates from words “Bettah” implying “an old clan of warriors.” All bettas are of the Osphronemidae family. They are additionally Gourami, a term that consists of the Helostomatidae and Anabantidae households. They are labyrinth fish, implying they have a lung- like body organ referred to as a maze which they make use of to gulp air near the surface area of the water and permits them to stay in reduced- oxygen environments.

Various Siamese Fighting Fish Species

Although the Siamese fighting fish is the preferred Betta species as a residence fish tank pet, there are numerous various other species that have a conservation status of Threatened. A Number Of Betta species have a Vulnerable conservation status according to the IUCN Red Listing. The species with the scientific name B. livida is Endangered, and B. miniopinna, B. persephone, and B. spilotogena are Seriously Endangered.


Siamese fighting fish are little fish that can have numerous feasible shades. While dark blue and dark red prevail shades, they might additionally be grey, black, red, orange, yellow, gold, blue, white, violet, and even various colored. Each species is characterized by its tails, and the betta has a normally lengthy tail fin. In addition, there are distinctions in appearance in between wild and restricted bettas, with the primary distinction in between the form of their fins and their shades. Those in bondage have brighter shades, although both show brighter shades when really feeling endangered. All have a torpedo- designed body with upturned mouths that they make use of to eat from the water surface area.

Betta splendens, Siamese fighting fish, Fancy Rainbow multi color half moon long tail isolated on black background
Mr. Witoon Boonchoo/Shutterstock. com

Fish Distribution, Populace, and Environment

Siamese fighting fish are belonging to the Mekong Delta and are most heavily populated in the Chao Phraya River. Their populace dimension is unidentified, however it has actually been observed to be unusual offered its variety of environment. It is an intrusive species in Singapore, Australia, Brazil, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Guam Saipan, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, Hawaii, Alaska, Connecticut, Texas, and Florida, however it is not turbulent to the all-natural communities according to the united state Fish and Wild Animals Solution. Environment damage, contamination, cool temperature levels, and predators have actually lowered its populace in the wild. While in bondage, appropriate treatment entails maintaining them at a cozy freshwater exotic temperature level of 74- 80 levels Fahrenheit.

All betta species are anabantoids, implying they make use of a special body organ called a maze to take in reduced- oxygen settings such as huge pools, drain ditches, rice paddies and sluggish- relocating streams. The maze body organ is lung- like and permits them to take a breath straight from the air.

Predators and Victim

Bettas are meat-eating and take in zooplankton, salt water shrimp, daphnia and various other little shellfishes, bloodworms, and the larvae of marine insects, consisting of that of mosquitos. Both greatest hazards to wild bettas are environment damage and contamination. Its predators are bigger fish, cats, newts, salamanders, and birds. Humans additionally decrease their numbers in the wild by recording them to house them in bondage as pets or for fighting competitors with various other males. They have actually been reproduced especially for hostility in Thailand.

Recreation and Life-span

Bettas duplicate via spawning, beginning with a breeding dancing in which the male and female spiral around each various other. The male constructs a bubble nest and continues to safeguard the eggs along with increase the young. Pregnancy is 24- 36 hrs and the young remain in the nest till their bodies absorb their yolk cavities. The regular life-span of the betta is 3- 5 years with appropriate treatment.

Siamese fighting fish in Angling and Food Preparation

Siamese fighting fish are also little to be consumed, although huge Gourami fish with the scientific name Osphronemus goramy are consumed in southeast Oriental nations and Sundanese food.


The betta’s conservation status in the wild is Vulnerable as an outcome of its decreasing populace and the opportunity of ending up being endangered without preservation initiatives.

Do Siamese Fighting Fish (Betta Fish) Make Great Pets?

Betta fish are preferred pets many thanks to their extraordinary pigmentations. Betta fish expand to be 2.5 inches long typically and need a container that’s 5- gallons in dimension. Betta fish can live for 6 years in bondage, so if you’re obtaining one, be prepared to look after it for many years to find! Betta fish make great pets however additionally take advantage of playthings or enjoyment along with storage tanks maintained around 80 levels Fahrenheit. If you give a Betta with these problems, they need to live a lengthy and healthy and balanced life.


  1. Wikipedia, Available here:
  2. Fishkeeping World, Available here:
  3. Fishbase, Available here:
  4. The Aquarium Advisor, Available here:
  5. Betta Care Fish Guide, Available here:
  6. Aquarium Fish City, Available here:
  7. Fisharoma, Available here:
  8. USGS, Available here:

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