Bengal Tiger

Bengal Tiger Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Panthera Tigris Tigris
Bengal Tiger Physical Characteristics
Black, White, Orange
18 – 25 years
Top speed
60 mph
140kg – 300kg (309lbs – 660lbs)
Bengal Tiger Distribition

Bengal tigers are the nationwide animal of both Bangladesh and also India.

Among one of the most astounding and also renowned animals to stroll the Planet, Bengal tigers are marvelous and also uncommon. They’re additionally among the largest cat species on the planet. Typically, Bengals are bigger than various other tiger species, yet the biggest tiger ever before taped was a Siberian. Therefore, Bengals are thought about the second biggest tiger species.

Today, wild Bengal tigers are animals that just reside in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, and also Nepal. And also while there are much more Bengals than any kind of various other tiger subspecies on the Indian subcontinent, the populaces are endangered.

Preservation initiatives are functioning to some extent, yet they’re not outmatching the poaching, logging, and also human infringement that has actually ravaged wild tiger environments over the previous half a century.

Remarkable Realities Regarding Bengal Tigers

  • Human homeowners of forest towns that share area with huge cats use face masks on the back of their heads since tigers choose to assault from behind. If the felines believe an individual is looking straight at them, they usually discover an additional target.
  • In between the late 1800s and also very early 1900s, a female Bengal tiger referred to as the ‘Champawat tiger’ eliminated 436 individuals around Nepal and also Kumaun. After a postmortem examination, researchers understood her canine teeth were harmed, which avoided her from capturing typical target.
  • It is thought that these tigers will certainly collaborate strikes versus bigger target like rhinoceros and also elephants.
  • Researchers think Bengal tigers showed up in India in between 12,000 to 15,000 years earlier.
  • In 2019, a Bengal tiger called Ming, a 19- year- old tiger that regretfully invested a lot of his life living in a New york city City apartment or condo, died. It was found that Ming’s human buddy, Mr. Yates, fed him regarding 20 extra pounds of hen meat a day and also transformed one space in the apartment or condo right into a sandpit for his “friend.”

Bengal Tiger Scientific Name

Throughout the 19th century, these tigers were referred to as Royal Bengal tigers. Someplace along the taxonomic line, nonetheless, the royal was gone down. Today, the animals are merely referred to as Bengal tigers, a populace of the subspecies Panthera tigris tigris

Panthera originates from the Lain word “panthēra” and also the Greek word “pánthēr,” which both approximately equate to “that which is pursued.” The Sanskrit word “pând- ara,” implying “light yellow, creamy colored, white,” is additionally believed to contribute in just how the animal obtained its name.

Bengal Tiger Appearance

Bengal tigers are just one of the largest subspecies of cats wandering the Planet today.

Most of these tigers sporting activity yellow to light orange layers with brownish to black red stripes, yet their tummies and also the internal- encountering sides of their arm or legs are white.

Exactly How Large are Bengal Tigers?

Male tigers are usually in between 9 to 10 feet long, consisting of the tail, and also regarding 3 to 3.5 feet high from the ground. Typically, kid Bengals tip the range in between 397 and also 569 extra pounds– which has to do with the exact same weight as a pig and also fifty percent as hefty as a polar bear!

Females are a little smaller sized than their male equivalents. They’re typically in between 7.5 to 8.5 feet long, and also while the exact same elevation as the males, just consider regarding 220 to 350 extra pounds, regarding the exact same dimension as a reindeer.

Contrasted to various other tiger species, Bengals are typically a little bigger.

What is a White Bengal Tiger?

Every now and then, a Bengal tiger is birthed with an all- white layer with brownish to black red stripes. These “white Bengal tigers” often tend to expand faster and also bigger than their yellow and also orange peers.

What Was the Largest Bengal Tiger Ever Before Tape-recorded?

In November 1967, seekers in Uttar Pradesh, India, fired a Bengal tiger that was around 11 feet long. The leviathan tiger evaluated a tremendous 857 extra pounds. To day, that is the biggest Bengal tiger ever before taped.

Exactly How Large are Bengal Tiger Teeth?

Bengal tigers are animals that have gigantic teeth. They drop in between 3 and also 3.9 inches from the periodontal line, making them the largest pooches of all cat species.

Bengal Tiger Actions

The main taking a trip device of these tigers is a mom and also her children. Besides the very early- growth duration, which lasts regarding 2 to 3 years, Bengal tigers are singular animals. On uncommon events, a team of tigers will certainly merge in the exact same location, typically as a result of an abundant food resource. When such events occur, the team of tigers is called an ambush or touch.

These tigers, like almost all various other tiger species, have residence areas that they hardly ever leave. When youngsters head out by themselves, females usually stick near to their mom’s location. Throughout their very first year living alone, teen cubs see their moms’ areas– females regularly than males.

Bengal Tiger Environment

Normally talking, Bengals reside in exotic, subtropical, and also warm woodlands with accessibility to water. Elevation- sensible, they usually remain in between 660 and also 9,800 feet over water level. Nonetheless, that might be transforming. In 2008, a Bengal tiger in Bhutan was captured on cam at 13,800 feet!

Today, these tigers reside in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and also Bhutan. In India, they adhere to exotic woodlands, subtropical deciduous woodlands, particular meadows, and also mangroves. Bangladesh has actually seen a thinning of the tiger populace. The animals are currently just located in the Sundarbans, which are mangrove woodlands, and also the Chittagong Hillside Tracts. Nepal is residence to 3 tiny and also separated tiger populaces in Chitwan National forest, Parsa National Forest, and also Bardiya National Forest. In Bhutan, Bengals reside in 17 of the nation’s 18 areas.

Bengal Tiger Diet

Bengal tigers, like all tigers, are predators. Their preferred meat originates from huge, hooved creatures, consisting of chital, gaur, and also sambar. In a pinch, they’ll additionally victimize barasingha, water buffalo, nilgai, serow, takin, swine, hog deer, Indian muntjac, porcupines, hares, leopards, wolves, crocodiles, dhole, and also peafowl. Boosting proof additionally recommends that these tigers will certainly collaborate strikes versus rhinoceros and also elephants.

Country farmers have to continue to be watchful versus Bengals since tigers additionally assault tamed animals. And also though background is cluttered with tales of male- consuming tigers, it’s an unusual event that usually just takes place if the animal has a special needs and also can no more capture various other target.

When making a kill, tigers come close to from the back or side and also instantly choose their targets’ throats. They after that drag the carcass someplace covered to eat.

In one resting, tigers might eat approximately 100 extra pounds of meat! Yet bear in mind that just one in 20 pursues succeeds, and also they just balance one huge dish a week.

Bengal Tiger Predators and also Dangers

Poaching and also environment damage, which triggers populace fragmentation, are the major risks to these tigers. Though legislators have actually carried out anti- poaching legislations to shield huge video game, it continues to be a significant trouble. A flourishing and also profitable underground market for skins and also body components– which pays a year’s income for one kill– however urges individuals to damage the legislations and also search tigers.

In addition, therefore India’s 2006 Woodland Legal right Act, even more individuals are relocating right into forest areas and also trespassing on tiger area. While the law is a much- required benefit for native human areas, it’s horrible for the subcontinent’s cat populace.

The Indian federal government has actually developed tiger Preservation Units, referred to as TCUs, in the foothills of the Himalayan Hills. Optimistically, populaces seem increasing in these locations. Nonetheless, the International Union for the Preservation of Nature (IUCN) still notes these tigers asendangered A lot more job is still required to guarantee their survival in the wild.

Bengal Tiger Recreation, Children, and also Life-span

These tigers mate throughout the year, yet lots of child tigers are birthed in April and also December. The maternity gestation duration for female Bengals has to do with 3.5 months, and also moms typically have trashes of approximately 6. Births occur in protected locations like high lawn, caverns, and also thick shrub.

Child tigers are called cubs and also consider in between 1.7 and also 3.5 extra pounds at birth. When they initially enter into the globe, their eyes and also ears are closed, and also they’re covered in wooly hair that loses in between the ages of 3.5 and also 5 months.

Like human beings, Bengals’ very first collection of teeth aren’t long-term. They’re called “milk teeth” and also are changed with a grown-up approach 2.5 months after birth. Newborn tigers nurse their moms for regarding 3 to 6 months and also begin attempting strong foods at 2 months old.

Young tigers remain with their mom for regarding 2 to 3 years, and also throughout that time, she does not enter into warmth. Once her children relocate away, she begins the reproductive cycle throughout once more. To put it simply, female Bengal tigers deliver every 2 to 3 years, relying on the number of cubs they have per trash and also how much time their cubs stick to mama.

In the wild, a Bengal tiger’s life expectancy is around 15 years. The older they obtain, the weak they obtain, and also capturing target ends up being a growing number of challenging. In bondage, Bengal tigers, disallowing illness and also unexpected mishaps, typically live for 20 to 25 years.

Bengal Tiger Populace

The amount of Bengal tigers are growing in the wild today? The Bengal tiger populace is perilous though increasing. In 2011, just regarding 2,500 stayed in the wild. By 2018, that number had actually enhanced by a couple of hundred.

In 2010, the Globe Wild Animals Fund for Nature introduced the “Conserve Tigers Currently” project, which functions in the direction of its mentioned objective of increasing the wild tiger populace by 2022.

Personal Large Cat Zoos Do Not Assist the Tiger Populace

Regrettably, over the previous 3 years, tiger reproduction has actually come to be prominent worldwide, specifically in the USA. Individuals open exclusive zoos and also reproduce tigers to show. And also while a jumble of legislations protects against some unfavorable task, the system isn’t fail-safe.

What’s the trouble with reproducing tigers in bondage? For beginners, the animals birthed in bondage are not genetically geared up to make it through in the wild. Second of all, a number of these tiger zoo caretakers wind up killing animals when they obtain also huge and also can no more take part in pet- a- tiger shows and also reveals.


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals

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