Balkan Lynx

The Balkan lynx communicates mostly with its ears
Balkan Lynx Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Lynx lynx balcanicus
Balkan Lynx Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Red, White
60 to 120, conservation status is critically endangered
17 to 25 years
Top speed
50 mph
39.6 to 55 pounds
Balkan Lynx Distribition

” The Balkan Lynx is among the rarest cats worldwide.”

Noted as seriously endangered by the International Union for Preservation of Nature, the Balkan lynx is among the rarest tool- sized cats in the world. Despite the fact that it is the extremely icon of North Macedonia, it has actually gotten on the blade side of termination for a minimum of 100 years. This is because of poaching for its lovely hair and also environment damage. The cat is such a component of the area that landforms have actually been called after it. Croatia’s Risnjak National forest was probably called for the lynx, as the Croatian word for the animal is ris

5 Amazing Balkan Lynx Realities!

Below are 5 realities regarding the unusual Balkan lynx:

  • It is a subspecies of the Eurasian lynx. Actually, the conservation status of the Eurasian lynx is least concern.
  • In spite of its rarity, the Balka lynx is North Macedonia’s nationwide icon and also is also located on the reverse side of the nation’s 5 denar coin.
  • In 2006 a healing program called the Balkan Lynx Recuperation Program was established to secure both the Balkan lynx and also its North Macedonian and also Albanian environments.
  • Male lynxes appear to be forgiving of each other, which is uncommon in large cats.
  • Lynkestis, an old land that covered what is currently component of Greece, Albania and also North Macedonia, equates as “land of the lynx.”

Balkan Lynx Scientific Name

The scientific name of Balkan lynx is Lynx lynx balcanicus “Lynx” is an old word that inevitably stems from the origin word leuk-, which is Indo European for “illumination or light.” This explains exactly how the cat’s eyes show light. Balcanicus implies that this lynx is from the Balkans. Lynx lynx balcanicus is among 6 identified subspecies of the Eurasian lynx.

Balkan Lynx Appearance

The Balkan lynx is a tool- sized cat with black- detected grey or red hair, lengthy hairs, and also a ruff mounting its round face. The body is 31.5 to 51.2 inches in size, and also the cat stands 23.6 to 29.5 inches at the shoulder and also evaluates in between 39.6 and also 55 extra pounds. The tail, as holds true of all lynxes, is squat. The ears are well-known for their tufts, and also considering that the cat’s tail is so brief, it utilizes its ears to connect. It has long legs for its body, big, cushioned feet that assist it conform snowy landscapes, and also retracting claws. Males have a tendency to be larger and also larger than females.

A male and female Balkan lynx grooming and socializing.
A male and also female Balkan lynx pet grooming and also mingling.

Panagiotis Komninelis/Shutterstock. com

Balkan Lynx Habits

Balkan lynxes are singular and also just collaborated to reproduce. Nonetheless, the populaces are so separated that also this might be challenging. They are crepuscular and also nighttime, which implies they quest at night and also in the evening and also remainder throughout the day. In the evening they take a trip from 0.62 to 28 miles trying to find victim. Both males and also females assert areas, with the males having bigger areas that incorporate those of females. Female lynxes usually have areas that overlap with those of their children.

Balkan Lynx Environment

The Balkan lynx is located in the woodlands of Albania and also North Macedonia and also has actually been detected in the north of Greece, Montenegro, and also Kosovo. The woodlands can be made mainly of deciduous trees, conifers, or a mix of both. Especially, Balkan lynxes are located in Albania’s Shebenik- Jabllanicë National Forest, Nikaj– Mertur Protected Location, Stravaj Protected Location, and also the Munella location. They’re additionally located in Mavrovo National forest in North Macedonia.

Balkan Lynx Diet

The diet of the lynx is composed mainly of rabbits and also hares, yet the animal is solid sufficient to remove deer, consisting of roe and also musk deer. When it can not locate its normal victim, the lynx will certainly additionally take lamb. The Balkan lynx consumes in between 2.2 and also 5.51 extra pounds of meat everyday.

Balkan Lynx Predators and also Hazards

The best risk to this unusual animal is human task. Though it has actually been secured for many years and also there goes to the very least one recuperation program, it is still poached for its shiny hair. Seekers have actually additionally annihilated the populace of the lynx’s standard victim of chamois, deer, and also hares. Logging and also the unlawful unloading of refuse have actually additionally taxed the lynx’s populace and also its capacity to duplicate. While the lynx is the pinnacle killer in much of its variety, it is periodically eliminated by wolves. They are additionally vulnerable to bloodsuckers such as Trichinella and also Toxocara

Balkan Lynx Recreation and also Life Process

The reproducing period of the lynx is in between February and also the center of April. Recreation is not just made tough due to the fact that the populaces of lynx are thus far apart yet because estrus just lasts 3 days in the female. Additionally, if she generates a clutter one year it will certainly be 3 years prior to she has one more one. If she does handle to mate, she brings to life normally 2 or 3 kittycats after a 69- day maternity. The kittycats evaluate regarding 0.66 extra pounds each. Though they are discouraged when they have to do with 4 months old, they remain with their mom for 10 months prior to they have actually created the abilities to come to be independent. The papas do not assist increase the kittycats, and also many kittycats do not endure to the adult years.

Female lynxes prepare to reproduce when they have to do with 2 years of ages, and also males prepare when they have to do with a year older. The lynx can live as long as 25 years in the wild.

Balkan Lynx Populace

The Balkan lynx populace is thought to be just 60 to 120 grown-up people, and also some researchers think that it is also smaller sized than that. This leaves the animal seriously endangered, in spite of recuperation programs and also regulations banning searching.

Balkan Lynx: Protecting Among the Rarest Cats in the world

Luckily, federal governments of Balkan nations have actually taken actions to secure this extremely unusual and also lovely animal. The Balkan Lynx Recuperation Program is presently keeping an eye on the populace of the Lynx in North Macedonia and also Albania. Together with this, the UN Setting Program has actually begun a job to examine the environment of Macedonia’s Shar Hill in tandem with the nation’s Ministry of Setting and also Physical Preparation. It is wished that Shar Hill, where some Balkan lynxes have actually been seen, can be stated a safeguarded location.


  1. European Parliament, Available here:
  2. The National Red List of North Macedonia, Available here:
  3. Wikipedia, Available here:
  4. Protection and Preservation of Natural Environment in Albania, Available here:
  5. Discovering Macedonia, Available here:
  6. DW, Available here:
  7. UN Environment Programme, Available here:

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