Babirusas can stand on their back hooves to eat leaves on the lower branches of a tree.
Babirusa Scientific Classification
Babirusa Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey
10 years
Top speed
30 mph
Babirusa Distribition

“Babirusas can stand on their back unguis to get to fallen leaves on reduced branches in trees”

Babirusas are likewise called deer- pigs since they resemble swine (pigs) as well as have tusks comparable to the horns of a deer. These animals are omnivores consuming a diet of plants, fruits, berries, insects, as well as carrion. They survive the Sulawesi, Sula, Buru as well as Togian islands in Indonesia. They can meet 10 years old in the wild.

5 Unbelievable Babirusa Truths!

  • There are 4 species of babirusa
  • The tusks on the top nose of this animal are in fact canine teeth that have actually matured as well as appeared the skin
  • These swine reside in swamps as well as in rain forests near rivers
  • These animals connect with each other by groaning, grumbling, as well as babbling their teeth
  • Researchers are not particular relating to real objective of a male babirusa’s tusks

Babirusa Scientific Name

Babyrousa celebensis is the scientific name for the babirusa. This kind of babirusa is likewise referred to as the North Sulawesi babirusa. The Malaysian word babirusa converts to deer- pig. They have the appearance of a swine in addition to horns like a deer. They come from the Suidae family as well as the Mammalia class.

There are 4 species of babirusa. Besides the North Sulawesi babirusa there are the:

  • Buru babirusa
  • Bola batu babirusa
  • Togian babirusa

Babirusa Appearance & & Habits

Babirusas have brownish or grayish skin with a thin quantity of hair on their body. Their lengthy, rounded body has actually been contrasted to the form of a torpedo! And also, they have slim legs comparable to those of a deer. These animals can expand to an elevation of 2 to 3 feet as well as can be 3 to 3 as well as a half feet long. In addition, they can consider from 132 to 220 extra pounds. A 3- foot- high babirusa is equivalent in elevation to 2 as well as a fifty percent bowling pins piled on top of each various other. A 220- extra pound babirusa is equivalent in weight to 2- thirds of a grown-up panda bear. Out of all the species of babirusa, the North Sulawesi babirusa is the heaviest at 220 extra pounds.

One of the most well- recognized function of this creature is its tusks. It has 2 tusks on the reduced fifty percent of its nose as well as 2 on the top fifty percent. Though they are called tusks, they are in fact canine teeth. On its top nose, the babirusa’s canine teeth expand, appear the skin as well as contour up as well as back towards the babirusa’s eyes. As a matter of fact, these curving teeth (tusks) can expand as long, they can in fact pass through the head of this animal ultimately creating fatality.

Their reduced canine teeth (tusks) expand laterally as well as up out of the babirusa’s mouth. Just male Sulawesi babirusas have complete- sized tusks on the top fifty percent of their nose. Females might have really little, brief top tusks or none in all. Nevertheless, both males as well as females have tusks on the reduced fifty percent of their nose.

Babirusas have 4- directed, solid unguis that they utilize to dig. They collect insects, insect larvae, plants, as well as origins. Likewise, when 2 males are battling in competitors for a female, the males utilize their unguis to strike each various other. They back up on their back feet, bumping each various other, kicking their unguis. It is a tough as well as loud competitors!

Humans as well as feral, or wild, dogs are the only predators of grownups. These animals can go for rates of as much as 30mph. So, when they run into a human or a feral dog, these timid animals run as well as conceal in a marshy location or rain forest. Their dark skin enables them to assimilate with their sloppy, overload environment.

A lot of males are singular. Additionally, females are social animals staying in teams of 80 or even more babirusas. This big team consists of just females as well as young babirusas.

The Babirusa's name means pig deer after their unusual appearance!
The Babirusa’s name indicates pig deer after their uncommon appearance!

Craig Russell/Shutterstock. com

Babirusa Environment

They survive islands in Indonesia consisting of Togian, Sula, Buru, as well as Sulawesi. Wild babirusas do not live anywhere else on the planet other than on these islands. These animals reside in a wet, exotic environment in swamps as well as in rain forests, near rivers. They nestle in the underbrush as well as in canebrakes.

These swine wallow the mud in order to cool themselves in this moist environment. This is likewise a reliable means to remove any kind of bloodsuckers on their skin. One more intriguing habits of these swine is called raking. A male babirusa reduces itself to its knees as well as presses its nose via the sandy ground. The babirusa has its mouth open as well as absorbs the sand while launching frothing saliva. This is unusual habits that researchers have not completely identified. Yet they believe raking might be a method for a babirusa to note its area with its aroma.

On top of that, these animals are terrific swimmers so they often tend to live near rivers. They have actually been recognized to swim a far away from one island to an additional.

Babirusa Predators as well as Risks

These animals are omnivores. Sometimes, they utilize their unguis to dig in the ground looking for insects or larvae. They can base on their back unguis sustaining their body in order to eat fallen leaves off the reduced branches of a tree.

What does a babirusa eat?

These animals eat a diet of plants, leaves, fruit, berries, insects, tree bark, as well as often carrion. They eat fruit as well as berries off the ground. They mine insects as well as draw bark off trees. If they discover a dead animal (carrion) on the ground, they might eat it. All of it relies on what food resource is most numerous in their marshy environment at the time.

What consumes a babirusa?

The animal’s only predators are humans as well as often feral dogs. Some Indonesians search for babirusas in order to eat them.

The conservation status of the animal is Vulnerable with a lowering populace. The future of this creature goes to threat because of environment loss as an outcome of logging task. Poaching is an additional hazard to these animals regardless of the presence of legislations securing them. Some residents also catch young babirusas as well as tame them to maintain them as pets!

Babirusa Recreation as well as Life Process

The breeding period of the deer- pig goes from January to August. Males battle each other in competitors for females. Presumably sensible that the males would certainly utilize their top as well as reduced tusks as tools when defending a female. Yet, actually, their tusks are conveniently broken as well as damaged. As a matter of fact, they will deliberately relocate their heads sideways while they are battling so their tusks will not slap with each other. So, males utilize their sharp unguis as well as the general toughness of their bodies to eliminate in order to establish the greatest male. One of the most effective male companions with numerous females.

Some researchers think that the bent tusks on the top component of the nose offer to secure the animal’s eyes throughout this competitors for females.

The gestation duration is 155 to 158 days. A swine, an additional participant of the Suidae family, has a much shorter pregnancy duration of 115 days. Females offer online birth to one to 2 infants in a clutter. Each newborn, also known as a hog, evaluates from 10 to 15 extra pounds. Some infants as young as 3 to 10 days old begin to eat strong foods. Nevertheless, they will likely remain to registered nurse up until they are entirely discouraged at 6 to 8 months old. Once they are discouraged, they end up being independent.

Though these animals can meet 10 years in the wild, they have actually been recognized to meet 24 years in bondage.

A babirusa’s tusks remain to expand throughout its life. This resembles the means an individual’s finger nails expand throughout life. In some cases the tusks on a male babirusa’s top nose remain to expand as well as contour up until one or both appear the top of the animal’s head! This can ultimately bring about fatality relying on just how deeply the tusk enters into the animal’s head.

Babirusa Populace

According to the IUCN Redlist, the populace of the Sulawesi babirusa is 9,999 fully grown people. Their populace is reducing, as well as they are detailed with a conservation status of Vulnerable.

The populace of the Togian Islands babirusa consists of 1,000 fully grown people. They have a lowering populace also as well as are detailed as Endangered.

The populace of the hirsute babirusa (scientific name Babyrousa babyrussa) is unidentified. This species of babirusa is detailed as Vulnerable with a lowering populace.


  1. Wikipedia, Available here:
  2. Saint Louis Zoo, Available here:
  3. Cool Green Science, Available here:
  4. Houston Zoo, Available here:

Relate animals

Abyssinian Guinea Pig

They are one of the oldest breeds of guinea pig

Ackie Monitor

The ackie monitor has a spiny tail which it uses as in self-defense.


The Albertonectes had the longest neck out of other Elasmosaurids.

American Bully

Though the American bully was bred to look intimidating, it makes an extremely friendly family pet!

Latest Animal News