African Tree Toad

African Tree Toad Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Nectophryne afra
African Tree Toad Physical Characteristics
Brown, Black, White, Tan
3 – 5 years
Top speed
5 mph
2g – 5g (0.07oz – 0.18oz)
African Tree Toad Distribition

Like many different toads and frogs in the identical household, the African Tree Toad’s toxins have medicinal makes use of.

The African tree toad is a small toad within the household Bufonidae, within the order Anura. Its habitat is the tropical and subtropical lowland forests of West and Central Africa. Its coloration is a mix of brown, black, white, and tan. Though it isn’t a weak species, it may well endure from native habitat loss.

5 Unimaginable African Tree Toad Info!

  • Its classification is as a real toad as is each different member within the Bufonidae household.
  • It has lengthy, skinny webbed toes for its semi-aquatic, tree-dwelling life-style.
  • Many within the Bufonidae household have medicinal makes use of for his or her pores and skin and parotid gland secretions, bones, and muscle tissues.
  • It may well shoot its lengthy sticky tongue out to catch prey at lightning pace.
  • It may well attain a high pace of 5mph.

African Tree Toad Scientific Name

The scientific title of the African tree toad is Nectophryne afra. There are solely two sorts within the Nectophryne genus, with the subspecies being the African tree toad and the Bates’s tree toad (Nectophryne batesii). The classification of the toad is as a real toad which all members of the Bufonidae household are, subdivided from the brief-bodied, tailless amphibians of the order Anura. There are 35 genera within the household Bufonidae.

African Tree Toad Appearance

These toads has a camouflaging array of colours: Brown, black, white, and tan. Its small physique is mostly darkish to gentle brown, with patches of white on its stomach. This mix permits it to cover from predators within the grass in addition to in bushes. It additionally has lengthy legs with lengthy-skinny webbed toes with spherical discs on the ends to allow it to climb and hop, whereas the partial webbing and vast toe separation allows it to get a robust grip on vast floor areas. Measurement-clever it grows anyplace from 2.5cm – 3.8cm (1in – 1.5in) in size and 2g – 5g (0.07oz – 0.18oz) in weight. Classification of the 2 subspecies is predicated on geographic location; in any other case, they’re of comparable coloration and measurement.

An African Tree Toad in Cameroon.
Bernard DUPONT / Flickr

African Tree Toad Conduct

These toads are terrestrial (land-dwelling) and semi-aquatic by day, discovering meals and water on the bottom and spending most of their time in water outdoors of the breeding season. Their tiny measurement and camouflage make them troublesome to identify on the forest ground, whereas they use their partially webbed toes to hop and climb. They’ve solitary life. At night time they use their camouflage and climbing capacity to cover up excessive within the bushes away from predators.

African Tree Toad Habitat

Each sorts of African tree toads have an amphibious semi-aquatic, life-style, so they like to reside within the moist and tropical or subtropical local weather of lowland forests or closely degraded former forests with small our bodies of freshwater. All members of the genus Nectophryne are native to Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, northeastern Congo, Bioko, and Equatorial Guinea. The habitat vary of the African tree toad is West and Central Africa, extending from southwestern Nigeria by means of Cameroon to Equatorial Guinea (together with Bioko), Gabon, and the northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The totally different sorts or subspecies of those toads solely differ by their habitat areas, with the Bates’s tree toad being discovered anyplace from southern Cameroon to southwestern Gabon by means of the southwestern Central African Republic to the northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Each endure from habitat loss attributable to deforestation and air pollution of air and water, at the moment limiting them to tall forests.

African Tree Toad Diet

The food regimen of those toads is carnivorous. It shoots out its lengthy sticky tongue at lightning-quick speeds to catch its prey. Plus, it may well transfer at a high pace of 5mph (8km).

What do African tree toads eat?

Like different toads, African tree toads are predators. They lie quietly in wait to catch their prey. They then use their tongues to catch spiders, worms, snails, and different small invertebrates and bugs.

What eats African tree toads?

These toads are preyed upon by birds, fish, snakes, lizards, rodents, and bigger toads and frogs.

African Tree Toad Predators and threats

These toads have permeable pores and skin with poisonous secretions. The secretions of its pores and skin and parotid glands together with bone and muscle tissue have medicinal makes use of. Therapeutic compounds from 15 of the 47 frog and toad species utilized in conventional medication are from the household Bufonidae, serving as quite a lot of cures starting from infections, bites, allergic reactions, and irritation to ache, coronary heart issues, most cancers, and AIDS. Preservation of the species means the preservation of their toxins as medication.

The species can be concerned within the unique pet commerce. Though it’s listed as Least Concern by way of conservation standing by the iUCN, it suffers from habitat loss and will compete with different toad species for meals. Presently, it’s restricted to dwelling in taller forests.

African Tree Toad Replica, Infants, and Lifespan

These toads breed through the spring, both in tree cavities containing water or plant-stuffed water hollows. The feminine lays a median of 100 eggs or as much as 200 eggs after which the male guards the spawning web site till the egg hatch into tadpoles, which takes 6-21 days. After the tadpoles turn into younger toads, they depart the nest to hunt on their very own. Their lifespan is 3-5 years in captivity, whereas their lifespan within the wild is unknown.

African Tree Toad Inhabitants

These toads are identified to have a large habitat vary with teams of small populations all through. Whereas their actual numbers are unknown they usually endure from habitat loss, they’re listed as Least Concern by the IUCN.

African Tree Toad Within the Zoo

These toads are current in various nationwide parks, together with the Korup Nationwide Park, which is on the border of Cameroon and Nigeria, Monte Alén Nationwide Park, which is close to the middle of Equitorial Guinea in central Africa, and Virunga Nationwide Park, which is within the jap a part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The nationwide parks exist as reserved areas to offer pure biodiversity for a number of natural world species, in contrast to zoos, which hold animals in particular enclosures with synthetic habitats. Korup Nationwide Park, for instance, has by no means been logged, and so serves as a protected habitat for the African tree toad.


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