African Forest Elephant

The largest known mammal on land!
African Forest Elephant Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Loxodonta cyclotis
African Forest Elephant Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey
60 – 70 years
Top speed
24 mph
900kg – 3,000kg (1,984lbs – 6,613lbs)
African Forest Elephant Distribition

African Forest Elephant Classification and Evolution

The African Forest Elephant is one of two Elephant subspecies at the African continent. Until recently, scientists notion they had been the identical species. But similarly examine discovered sufficient version to warrant subspecies status.

African Forest Elephants are barely smaller than African Bush Elephants, however they’re nevertheless one in every of the most important animals on land these days. Although the two species are very similar, the African Forest Elephant has rounder ears, straighter tusks, and greater toenails than the African Bush Elephant.

African Forest Elephant Anatomy and Appearance

The African Forest Elephant is the only of the most important recognised land mammals on Earth, with male African Forest Elephants attaining almost three meters in top and the girl African Forest Elephants round 2.five meters. The tusks of an African Forest Elephant can develop to almost 1.five meters lengthy and commonly weigh among 50 and a hundred pounds, which is set similar to a small grownup Human. They are thinner, straighter and shorter than the tusks of the African Bush Elephant. African Forest Elephants have 4 molar enamel every weighing approximately kg and measuring approximately 12 inches lengthy. They have massive rounded ears that are used each for listening to and to hold them cool.

African Forest Elephant Distribution and Habitat

The African Forest Elephant in particular lives in relevant and southern Africa in nomadic herds that wander via the forests and grasslands of Africa grazing for meals and looking for waterholes. They are maximum normally founds withinside the tropical dense jungles, wherein their smaller length lets in them to transport via the thick flora greater without difficulty than the bigger African Bush Elephant. African Forest Elephants are threatened for the duration of a good deal in their herbal habitat these days in particular because of deforestation and weather alternate and had been driven into smaller and smaller wallet in their local lands.

African Forest Elephant Behavior and Lifestyle

The African Forest Elephant in particular makes use of its big tusks for digging for roots withinside the floor and to strip the bark off trees. The African Forest Elephant additionally makes use of its tusks to guard itself from predators consisting of Lions, and to combat with different male African Forest Elephants in the course of the mating season. Males are commonly pretty solitary however ladies and their younger shape small own circle of relatives companies called herds. This lets in the greater inclined offspring to be greater without difficulty protected. African Forest Elephants speak via a sequence of low-frequency calls which they’re capable of discover from some kilometers away.

African Forest Elephant Reproduction and Life Cycles

Female African Forest Elephants attain sexual adulthood (are capable of reproduce) after 10 or eleven years, and male African Forest Elephants regularly don’t attain sexual adulthood till they’re almost two decades antique. After a gestation duration of up to two years, the girl African Forest Elephant offers start to a unmarried calf (twins had been recognised however are extraordinarily rare). The African Forest Elephant calf is nursed for two years and could continue to be with the herd till it’s far antique sufficient to guide itself. It is at this factor that the tusks of the African Forest Elephant calf may be beginning to develop.

African Forest Elephant Diet and Prey

The African Forest Elephant is a herbivorous animal which means that it handiest eats vegetation and different flora. They predominantly consume leaves and fruit from trees, herbs and low-mendacity shrubs. However, the the front pair of molars withinside the mouth of the African Forest Elephant put on down and drop out in pieces, making the returned pair shift ahead and new molars emerge withinside the returned of the African Forest Elephant’s mouth. African Forest Elephants update their enamel six instances in the course of their lives however while the African Forest Elephant is set forty to 60 years antique, the African Forest Elephant now not has enamel and could probably die of starvation, that is unfortunately a not unusualplace motive of dying withinside the African barren region.

African Forest Elephant Predators and Threats

The African Forest Elephant has no actual herbal predators to threaten its survival, in particular because of the African wooded area elephant’s sheer length. However, it isn’t always unusual for massive carnivores consisting of Lions and Hyenas to choose out a calf that has strayed from the herd or an grownup this is greater inclined from unwell fitness or antique age. African Forest Elephants are pretty docile animals and may be visible co-inhabiting withinside the African barren region with different massive mammals and birds, notably peacefully. Deforestation and consequently lack of its herbal habitat is one in every of the most important threats to the African Forest Elephant, at the side of poaching.

African Forest Elephant Interesting Facts and Features

The tusks of the African Forest Elephant are quite immediately as opposed to curved to assist them flow via the thick jungle with extra ease. This, at the side of their pinkish tinge, has made the ivory of the African Forest Elephant’s tusks in excessive call for at the black market. Despite African Forest Elephants being capable of speak with each other via more than one miles of dense jungle, the sound they make is so low that it can’t be heard via way of means of Humans. They are an vital device withinside the spreading of seeds for the duration of Africa’s forests and are consequently crucial to the jogging in their local ecosystems.

African Forest Elephant Relationship with Humans

Sadly, because of an boom of outdoor hobby in Africa and its extraordinary wonders, the African Forest Elephant populace took a devastating decline toward extinction. In 1989 a international Elephant ivory searching ban fell into place, which means that the African Forest Elephant populace has fortuitously began to recover. In 1980, there had been an anticipated 380,000 African Forest Elephants however because of developing Human populations of their local countries, numbers have fallen to 200,000. Deforestation in their habitats and the unlawful poaching of the African Forest Elephant for his or her ivory also are in charge for his or her current demise.

African Forest Elephant Conservation Status and Life Today

Today, even though barely improving in sure areas, African Forest Elephant populations are nevertheless threatened from growing tiers of unlawful poaching and habitat destruction. Deforestation withinside the African Forest Elephant’s territory approach that the African Forest Elephants lose each their meals and refuge making them greater inclined withinside the wild. African Forest Elephants also are continuously threatened via way of means of poachers searching the Elephants for his or her ivory tusks. They are actually indexed as an Endangered species.


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals
  8. African Forest Elephant Classification, Available here:
  9. African Forest Elephant Habitat, Available here:
  10. African Forest Elephant Information, Available here:
  11. African Forest Elephant Threats, Available here:
  12. African Forest Elephant Conservation, Available here:

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